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Python implementation of hashids (http://www.hashids.org).Compatible with python 2.6-3.

Project Description

A python port of the JavaScript hashids implementation. It generates YouTube-like hashes from one or many numbers. Use hashids when you do not want to expose your database ids to the user. Website: http://www.hashids.org/

Compatibility

hashids is tested with python 2.6, 2.7, 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4. PyPy and PyPy 3 work as well.

Compatibility with the JavaScript implementation

hashids/JavaScript hashids/Python
v0.1.x v0.8.x
v0.3.x and v1.0.x v1.0.2+

The JavaScript implementation produces different hashes in versions 0.1.x and 0.3.x. For compatibility with the older 0.1.x version install hashids 0.8.4 from pip, otherwise the newest hashids.

Installation

Install the module from PyPI, e. g. with pip:

pip install hashids
pip install hashids==0.8.4 # for compatibility with hashids.js 0.1.x

Run the tests

The tests are written with pytest. The pytest module has to be installed.

python -m pytest

Usage

Import the constructor from the hashids module:

from hashids import Hashids
hashids = Hashids()

Basic Usage

Encode a single integer:

hashid = hashids.encode(123) # 'Mj3'

Decode a hash:

ints = hashids.decode('xoz') # (456,)

To encode several integers, pass them all at once:

hashid = hashids.encode(123, 456, 789) # 'El3fkRIo3'

Decoding is done the same way:

ints = hashids.decode('1B8UvJfXm') # (517, 729, 185)

Using A Custom Salt

Hashids supports salting hashes by accepting a salt value. If you don’t want others to decode your hashes, provide a unique string to the constructor.

hashids = Hashids(salt='this is my salt 1')
hashid = hashids.encode(123) # 'nVB'

The generated hash changes whenever the salt is changed:

hashids = Hashids(salt='this is my salt 2')
hashid = hashids.encode(123) # 'ojK'

A salt string between 6 and 32 characters provides decent randomization.

Controlling Hash Length

By default, hashes are going to be the shortest possible. One reason you might want to increase the hash length is to obfuscate how large the integer behind the hash is.

This is done by passing the minimum hash length to the constructor. Hashes are padded with extra characters to make them seem longer.

hashids = Hashids(min_length=16)
hashid = hashids.encode(1) # '4q2VolejRejNmGQB'

Using A Custom Alphabet

It’s possible to set a custom alphabet for your hashes. The default alphabet is 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890'.

To have only lowercase letters in your hashes, pass in the following custom alphabet:

hashids = Hashids(alphabet='abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz')
hashid = hashids.encode(123456789) # 'kekmyzyk'

A custom alphabet must contain at least 16 characters.

Randomness

The primary purpose of hashids is to obfuscate ids. It’s not meant or tested to be used for security purposes or compression. Having said that, this algorithm does try to make these hashes unguessable and unpredictable:

Repeating numbers

There are no repeating patterns that might show that there are 4 identical numbers in the hash:

hashids = Hashids("this is my salt")
hashids.encode(5, 5, 5, 5) # '1Wc8cwcE'

The same is valid for incremented numbers:

hashids.encode(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) # 'kRHnurhptKcjIDTWC3sx'

hashids.encode(1) # 'NV'
hashids.encode(2) # '6m'
hashids.encode(3) # 'yD'
hashids.encode(4) # '2l'
hashids.encode(5) # 'rD'

Curses! #$%@

This code was written with the intent of placing generated hashes in visible places – like the URL. Which makes it unfortunate if generated hashes accidentally formed a bad word.

Therefore, the algorithm tries to avoid generating most common English curse words by never placing the following letters next to each other: c, C, s, S, f, F, h, H, u, U, i, I, t, T.

License

MIT license, see the LICENSE file. You can use hashids in open source projects and commercial products.

Release History

Release History

This version
History Node

1.2.0

History Node

1.1.0

History Node

1.0.3

History Node

1.0.2

History Node

1.0.1

History Node

1.0.0

History Node

0.8.4

History Node

0.8.3

Download Files

Download Files

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
hashids-1.2.0.tar.gz (8.5 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Jan 6, 2017

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