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Health Check for HTTP APIs

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Health Check for HTTP APIs

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Create an health check endpoint on your REST API following Health Check RFC draft version 4.

Perform checks

In case you have external dependencies, you should check the health of those dependencies.

HTTP

If you have an external HTTP resource, you can check its health, as in the following sample:

import healthpy.httpx

status, checks = healthpy.httpx.check("petstore", "https://petstore3.swagger.io/api/v3/openapi.json")

Note: httpx module must be installed to perform HTTP health checks.

Alternatively, you can use requests to perform the exact same check:

import healthpy.requests

status, checks = healthpy.requests.check("petstore", "https://petstore3.swagger.io/api/v3/openapi.json")

Redis

If you rely on redis, you should check its health.

redis module must be installed to perform Redis health checks.

import healthpy.redis

status, checks = healthpy.redis.check("redis://redis_url", "redis_key")

Return result

Once all checks have been performed you should return the result to your client.

Compute status from multiple statuses

If you performed more than one check, you have to compute an aggregated status from all the checks.

import healthpy

status1 = healthpy.pass_status 
status2 = healthpy.warn_status
statusN = healthpy.fail_status

status = healthpy.status(status1, status2, statusN)

Using custom status

By default pass status is "pass", warn status is "warn" and fail status is "fail".

It can be tweaked by setting the value of healthpy.*_status as in the following sample:

import healthpy

healthpy.pass_status = "ok"
healthpy.warn_status = "custom"
healthpy.fail_status = "error"

HTTP response body

HTTP response body can be retrieved as a dictionary to be returned as JSON.

import healthpy

status = healthpy.pass_status  # replace with the aggregated status
checks = {}  # replace with the computed checks

body = healthpy.response_body(status, checks=checks)

Checks results are not mandatory in the response.

import healthpy

status = healthpy.pass_status  # replace with the aggregated status

body = healthpy.response_body(status)

HTTP response status code

HTTP response status code can be retrieved as an integer.

import healthpy

status = healthpy.pass_status  # replace with the aggregated status

status_code = healthpy.response_status_code(status)

Consul

HTTP response status code should be a bit different for Consul health checks.

import healthpy

status = healthpy.pass_status  # replace with the aggregated status

status_code = healthpy.consul_response_status_code(status)

Endpoint

Starlette

An helper function is available to create a starlette endpoint for Consul health check.

from starlette.applications import Starlette
import healthpy
import healthpy.httpx
import healthpy.redis
from healthpy.starlette import add_consul_health_endpoint


app = Starlette()


async def health_check():
    # TODO Replace by your own checks.
    status_1, checks_1 = healthpy.httpx.check("my external dependency", "http://url_to_check")
    status_2, checks_2 = healthpy.redis.check("redis://redis_url", "key_to_check")
    return healthpy.status(status_1, status_2), {**checks_1, **checks_2}

# /health endpoint will call the health_check coroutine.
add_consul_health_endpoint(app, health_check)

Note: starlette module must be installed.

Flask-RestX

An helper function is available to create a Flask-RestX endpoint for health check.

import flask
import flask_restx
import healthpy
import healthpy.httpx
import healthpy.redis
from healthpy.flask_restx import add_health_endpoint


app = flask.Flask(__name__)
api = flask_restx.Api(app)


async def health_check():
    # TODO Replace by your own checks.
    status_1, checks_1 = healthpy.httpx.check("my external dependency", "http://url_to_check")
    status_2, checks_2 = healthpy.redis.check("redis://redis_url", "key_to_check")
    return healthpy.status(status_1, status_2), {**checks_1, **checks_2}

# /health endpoint will call the health_check coroutine.
add_health_endpoint(api, health_check)

Note: flask-restx module must be installed.

Consul Service Health check

An helper function is available to create a Flask-RestX endpoint for Consul health check.

import flask
import flask_restx
import healthpy
import healthpy.httpx
import healthpy.redis
from healthpy.flask_restx import add_consul_health_endpoint


app = flask.Flask(__name__)
api = flask_restx.Api(app)


async def health_check():
    # TODO Replace by your own checks.
    status_1, checks_1 = healthpy.httpx.check("my external dependency", "http://url_to_check")
    status_2, checks_2 = healthpy.redis.check("redis://redis_url", "key_to_check")
    return healthpy.status(status_1, status_2), {**checks_1, **checks_2}

# /health endpoint will call the health_check coroutine.
add_consul_health_endpoint(api, health_check)

Note: flask-restx module must be installed.

Testing

A pytest fixture can be used to mock the datetime returned in http health check.

from healthpy.testing import mock_http_health_datetime

def test_http(mock_http_health_datetime):
    # Time will be returned as "2018-10-11T15:05:05.663979"
    pass  # Add your test calling healthpy.http.check

How to install

  1. python 3.7+ must be installed
  2. Use pip to install module:
python -m pip install healthpy

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