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Python humanize utilities

Project description

humanize

PyPI version Supported Python versions Documentation Status PyPI downloads Travis CI Status GitHub Actions status codecov MIT License Tidelift

This modest package contains various common humanization utilities, like turning a number into a fuzzy human readable duration ("3 minutes ago") or into a human readable size or throughput. It is localized to:

  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • Dutch
  • European Portuguese
  • Finnish
  • French
  • German
  • Indonesian
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Persian
  • Polish
  • Russian
  • Simplified Chinese
  • Slovak
  • Spanish
  • Turkish
  • Ukrainian
  • Vietnamese

Usage

Integer humanization

>>> import humanize
>>> humanize.intcomma(12345)
'12,345'
>>> humanize.intword(123455913)
'123.5 million'
>>> humanize.intword(12345591313)
'12.3 billion'
>>> humanize.apnumber(4)
'four'
>>> humanize.apnumber(41)
'41'

Date & time humanization

>>> import humanize
>>> import datetime as dt
>>> humanize.naturalday(dt.datetime.now())
'today'
>>> humanize.naturaldelta(dt.timedelta(seconds=1001))
'16 minutes'
>>> humanize.naturalday(dt.datetime.now() - dt.timedelta(days=1))
'yesterday'
>>> humanize.naturalday(dt.date(2007, 6, 5))
'Jun 05'
>>> humanize.naturaldate(dt.date(2007, 6, 5))
'Jun 05 2007'
>>> humanize.naturaltime(dt.datetime.now() - dt.timedelta(seconds=1))
'a second ago'
>>> humanize.naturaltime(dt.datetime.now() - dt.timedelta(seconds=3600))
'an hour ago'

Precise time delta

>>> import humanize
>>> import datetime as dt
>>> delta = dt.timedelta(seconds=3633, days=2, microseconds=123000)
>>> humanize.precisedelta(delta)
'2 days, 1 hour and 33.12 seconds'
>>> humanize.precisedelta(delta, minimum_unit="microseconds")
'2 days, 1 hour, 33 seconds and 123 milliseconds'
>>> humanize.precisedelta(delta, suppress=["days"], format="%0.4f")
'49 hours and 33.1230 seconds'

Smaller units

If seconds are too large, set minimum_unit to milliseconds or microseconds:

>>> import humanize
>>> import datetime as dt
>>> humanize.naturaldelta(dt.timedelta(seconds=2))
'2 seconds'
>>> delta = dt.timedelta(milliseconds=4)
>>> humanize.naturaldelta(delta)
'a moment'
>>> humanize.naturaldelta(delta, minimum_unit="milliseconds")
'4 milliseconds'
>>> humanize.naturaldelta(delta, minimum_unit="microseconds")
'4 milliseconds'
>>> humanize.naturaltime(delta)
'now'
>>> humanize.naturaltime(delta, minimum_unit="milliseconds")
'4 milliseconds ago'
>>> humanize.naturaltime(delta, minimum_unit="microseconds")
'4 milliseconds ago'

File size humanization

>>> import humanize
>>> humanize.naturalsize(1_000_000)
'1.0 MB'
>>> humanize.naturalsize(1_000_000, binary=True)
'976.6 KiB'
>>> humanize.naturalsize(1_000_000, gnu=True)
'976.6K'

Human-readable floating point numbers

>>> import humanize
>>> humanize.fractional(1/3)
'1/3'
>>> humanize.fractional(1.5)
'1 1/2'
>>> humanize.fractional(0.3)
'3/10'
>>> humanize.fractional(0.333)
'333/1000'
>>> humanize.fractional(1)
'1'

Scientific notation

>>> import humanize
>>> humanize.scientific(0.3)
'3.00 x 10⁻¹'
>>> humanize.scientific(500)
'5.00 x 10²'
>>> humanize.scientific("20000")
'2.00 x 10⁴'
>>> humanize.scientific(1**10)
'1.00 x 10⁰'
>>> humanize.scientific(1**10, precision=1)
'1.0 x 10⁰'
>>> humanize.scientific(1**10, precision=0)
'1 x 10⁰'

Localization

How to change locale at runtime:

>>> import humanize
>>> import datetime as dt
>>> humanize.naturaltime(dt.timedelta(seconds=3))
'3 seconds ago'
>>> _t = humanize.i18n.activate("ru_RU")
>>> humanize.naturaltime(dt.timedelta(seconds=3))
'3 секунды назад'
>>> humanize.i18n.deactivate()
>>> humanize.naturaltime(dt.timedelta(seconds=3))
'3 seconds ago'

You can pass additional parameter path to activate to specify a path to search locales in.

>>> import humanize
>>> humanize.i18n.activate("xx_XX")
<...>
FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No translation file found for domain: 'humanize'
>>> humanize.i18n.activate("pt_BR", path="path/to/my/portuguese/translation/")
<gettext.GNUTranslations instance ...>

How to add new phrases to existing locale files:

$ xgettext --from-code=UTF-8 -o humanize.pot -k'_' -k'N_' -k'P_:1c,2' -l python src/humanize/*.py  # extract new phrases
$ msgmerge -U src/humanize/locale/ru_RU/LC_MESSAGES/humanize.po humanize.pot # add them to locale files
$ msgfmt --check -o src/humanize/locale/ru_RU/LC_MESSAGES/humanize{.mo,.po} # compile to binary .mo

How to add a new locale:

$ msginit -i humanize.pot -o humanize/locale/<locale name>/LC_MESSAGES/humanize.po --locale <locale name>

Where <locale name> is a locale abbreviation, eg. en_GB, pt_BR or just ru, fr etc.

List the language at the top of this README.

API reference

https://python-humanize.readthedocs.io

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