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Tangle reactive documents in the IPython Notebook

Project Description

|build-badge| |pypi-badge|

Reactive narratives inspired by
`Tangle <>`__ in the `Jupyter
Notebook <>`__.

IPyTangle makes plain markdown into an interactive part of your
data-driven narrative.

.. |build-badge| image::
.. |pypi-badge| image::

.. figure:: screenshots/cookies/002_change.png


Get the most recent release with:

.. code:: bash

pip install ipytangle

Or the bleeding-edge version:

.. code:: bash

pip install -e git+


In a Notebook, write this python...

.. code:: python

from ipytangle import tangle

tangle(cookies=3, calories=lambda cookies: cookies * 50)

And this markdown:

.. code:: markdown

When you eat [`cookies` cookies](#:cookies), you consume [`calories` calories](#:calories).

And you would see something like this:

When you eat ```2`` cookies <#:cookies>`__, you consume ```150``
calories <#:>`__.

And interacting with the links would cause the result to update.


Adapted from the originals from
`Tangle <>`__.

- `Cookies <notebooks/examples/Cookies.ipynb>`__
- `California State Parks Proposition
21 <notebooks/examples/Proposition%2021.ipynb>`__

Additionally, ``ipytangle`` comes with integration with IPython's
``interact``, the easiest way to start using widgets.

- ```Interact``\ ing with a
tangle <notebooks/examples/Interacting%20with%20a%20tangle.ipynb>`__
- `Tangling up
``interact`` <notebooks/examples/Tangling%20up%20interact.ipynb>`__


``ipytangle`` implements most of the
`TangleKit <>`__
baseline as markdown links. Because it adds no new notation, unrendered
Tangle Markdown should still render in a useful way.

Generally, think of a link as:

.. code:: markdown

[what the user sees](#:tangle types)

In the link text, backticks, **\`\`** are used to represent a JavaScript
expression that will be updated on user interaction, cascading updates,
or other updates from the kernel. In addition to any variables defined
with ``ipytangle``, some `formatting <#Formatting>`__ libraries are
provided. ``window`` globals should also work :wink:.

Only the generated ``code`` blocks will be transformed, the rest of the
elements (if any) will be preserved. This means you can use images,
inside the label of a control, for example.

Link Types

``[<stringy expression>](#:)``

just display a view

.. code:: markdown

For [`years` years](#:) have I trained Jedi.

``[<stringy expression>](#:<variable>)``

display a view and update an integer based on dragging

.. code:: markdown

[made the kessel run in `distance` parsecs](#:distance)

``[<booly expression>](#:if)`` ... *[\_ ``[<booly expression>](#elif)``\ \_]* ... *[\_ ``[](#:else)`` \_]* ... ``[](#:endif)``

mark some text (which may have other fields) to only display based on

.. code:: markdown

What's more foolish? The [`fool_is_more_foolish`](#:if)fool[](#:else)the fool who follows him(#:endif).

you may also have an ``else`` and any number of ``elif``\ s... because
they are markdown span-level elements, you may use newlines for easier

.. code:: markdown

[`feeling == "bad"`](#:if) I have a bad feeling about this.
[`feeling == "cautious"`](#:elif) You will never find a more wretched hive of scum and villainy.
[](#:else) Search your feelings.

Proposed Link Types

``[<stringy expression>](#:<variable>:(int|float):<min>:<max>:<step>)``

display a view and update some ``type`` of variable. Additionally,
``min``\ imum ``max``\ imum and ``step``-size values can be specified.


Replace the ``variable``, for which a linked widget has been registered
(TBD) with the widget itself inline. > Needs research.


At it's core, ``ipytangle`` provides ``Tangle``, an IPython ``Widget``.
Because of this, a ``Tangle`` can connect to any other IPython widgets
via *traitlets* and ``links``. Unlike many widgets, a ``Tangle`` doesn't
do much with its screen real estate, and might not be very interesting
to put inside a layout. Yet.

There are several methods for creating a ``Tangle``.


As in the above example, this tries to be the most pythonic approach.

.. code:: python

from ipytangle import tangle

square = tangle(x=1, y=(1, lambda x: x*x))

print("square is", square)
square.x = 2
print("y is", square.y)

.. parsed-literal::

square is <IPython.utils.traitlets.DynamicAutoTangle139717235746760 object at 0x7f1274347ef0>
y is 4

Linking to other widgets

``tangle`` makes working with other core and custom widgets easy,
automatically copying trait information. If a widget implements
``value``, as most of the core widgets do, you can reference it
directly. Alternately, specify a ``tuple`` of ``(widget, "trait_name")``
to subscribe to that trait.

.. code:: python

from IPython.html.widgets import IntSlider

x = IntSlider(1)
square = tangle(x=x, y=(1, lambda x: x*x))

print("square is", square)
x.value = 2
print("y is", square.y)

.. parsed-literal::

square is <IPython.utils.traitlets.DynamicAutoTangle139717235839048 object at 0x7f1274362080>
y is 4


If you are already familiar with widgets, subclassing ``Tangle`` might
be the most convenient:

.. code:: python

from ipytangle import Tangle
from IPython.utils import traitlets

class Square(Tangle):
x = traitlets.CInt(1, sync=True)
y = traitlets.CInt(1, sync=True)

def _x_changed(self):
self.y = self.x * self.x

square = Square()

print("square is", square)
square.x = 2
print("y is", square.y)

.. parsed-literal::

square is <__main__.Square object at 0x7f127434b7f0>
y is 4

*A future version of IPython Widgets will allow dynamically-added
traits with ``add_trait``. This will open up whole new areas for
tinkering. Stay tuned!*


In addition to your locally-bound variables, ``ipytangle`` bundles
several nice JavaScript libraries and shortcuts for formatting text and
numbers: - ```moment`` <>`__ dates and times -
```mathjs`` <>`__ scientific
units\ ``- [``\ numeral\`]( currency, and


Of course, Brett Victor's `Tangle <>`__ is
the primary inspiration, as well as: -
`tributary <>`__ - `derby <>`__ -
`d3 <>`__


- support
`TangleKit <>`__
- float
- switch
- :math:`L_AT^EX` (sic)
- sparklines, distributions, etc.
- offline/nbviewer?
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