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Tools for Using Hadoop with OneFS

Project description

Isilon Hadoop Tools

Tools for Using Hadoop with OneFS

  • isilon_create_users creates identities needed by Hadoop distributions compatible with OneFS.
  • isilon_create_directories creates a directory structure with appropriate ownership and permissions in HDFS on OneFS.

IHT Demo

Installation

Isilon Hadoop Tools (IHT) currently requires Python 3.5+ and supports OneFS 8+.

Option 1: Install as a stand-alone command line tool.

Use pipx to install IHT.

pipx requires Python 3.6 or later. For other versions or offline installations, see Option 2.

  1. Install pipx:

    python3 -m pip install --user pipx
    
    • Tip: Newer versions of some Linux distributions (e.g. Debian 10, Ubuntu 19.04, etc.) offer native packages for pipx.

    python3 -m pipx ensurepath
    
    • Note: You may need to restart your terminal for the $PATH updates to take effect.
  2. Use pipx to install isilon_hadoop_tools:

    pipx install isilon_hadoop_tools
    
  3. Test the installation:

    isilon_create_users --help
    isilon_create_directories --help
    
  • Use pipx to uninstall at any time:

    pipx uninstall isilon_hadoop_tools
    

See Python's Installing stand alone command line tools guide for more information.

Option 2: Create an ephemeral installation.

Use pip to install IHT in a virtual environment.

Python "Virtual Environments" allow Python packages to be installed in an isolated location for a particular application, rather than being installed globally.

  1. Use the built-in venv module to create a virtual environment:

    python3 -m venv ./iht
    
  2. Install isilon_hadoop_tools into the virtual environment:

    iht/bin/pip install isilon_hadoop_tools
    
    • Note: This requires access to an up-to-date Python Package Index (PyPI, usually https://pypi.org/). For offline installations, necessary resources can be downloaded to a USB flash drive which can be used instead:

      pip3 download --dest /media/usb/iht-dists isilon_hadoop_tools
      
      iht/bin/pip install --no-index --find-links /media/usb/iht-dists isilon_hadoop_tools
      
  3. Test the installation:

    iht/bin/isilon_create_users --help
    
    • Tip: Some users find it more convenient to "activate" the virtual environment (which prepends the virtual environment's bin/ to $PATH):

      source iht/bin/activate
      isilon_create_users --help
      isilon_create_directories --help
      deactivate
      
  • Remove the virtual environment to uninstall at any time:

    rm --recursive iht/
    

See Python's Installing Packages tutorial for more information.

Usage

  • Tip: --help can be used with any IHT script to see extended usage information.

To use IHT, you will need the following:

  • $onefs, an IP address, hostname, or SmartConnect name associated with the OneFS System zone
    • Unfortunately, Zone-specific Role-Based Access Control (ZRBAC) is not fully supported by OneFS's RESTful Access to Namespace (RAN) service yet, which is required by isilon_create_directories.
  • $iht_user, a OneFS System zone user with the following privileges:
    • ISI_PRIV_LOGIN_PAPI
    • ISI_PRIV_AUTH
    • ISI_PRIV_HDFS
    • ISI_PRIV_IFS_BACKUP (only needed by isilon_create_directories)
    • ISI_PRIV_IFS_RESTORE (only needed by isilon_create_directories)
  • $zone, the name of the access zone on OneFS that will host HDFS
    • The System zone should NOT be used for HDFS.
  • $dist, the distribution of Hadoop that will be deployed with OneFS (e.g. CDH, HDP, etc.)
  • $cluster_name, the name of the Hadoop cluster

Connecting to OneFS via HTTPS

OneFS ships with a self-signed SSL/TLS certificate by default, and such a certificate will not be verifiable by any well-known certificate authority. If you encounter CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED errors while using IHT, it may be because OneFS is still using the default certificate. To remedy the issue, consider encouraging your OneFS administrator to install a verifiable certificate instead. Alternatively, you may choose to skip certificate verification by using the --no-verify option, but do so at your own risk!

Preparing OneFS for Hadoop Deployment

Note: This is not meant to be a complete guide to setting up Hadoop with OneFS. If you stumbled upon this page or have not otherwise consulted the appropriate install guide for your distribution, please do so at https://community.emc.com/docs/DOC-61379.

There are 2 tools in IHT that are meant to assist with the setup of OneFS as HDFS for a Hadoop cluster:

  1. isilon_create_users, which creates users and groups that must exist on all hosts in the Hadoop cluster, including OneFS
  2. isilon_create_directories, which sets the correct ownership and permissions on directories in HDFS on OneFS

These tools must be used in order since a user/group must exist before it can own a directory.

isilon_create_users

Using the information from above, an invocation of isilon_create_users could look like this:

isilon_create_users --dry \
    --onefs-user "$iht_user" \
    --zone "$zone" \
    --dist "$dist" \
    --append-cluster-name "$cluster_name" \
    "$onefs"
  • Note: --dry causes the script to log without executing. Use it to ensure the script will do what you intend before actually doing it.

If anything goes wrong (e.g. the script stopped because you forgot to give $iht_user the ISI_PRIV_HDFS privilege), you can safely rerun with the same options. IHT should figure out that some of its job has been done already and work with what it finds.

  • If a particular user/group already exists with a particular UID/GID, the ID it already has will be used.
  • If a particular UID/GID is already in use by another user/group, IHT will try again with a different, higher ID.
  • IHT may NOT detect previous runs that used different options.
Generated Shell Script

After running isilon_create_users, you will find a new file in $PWD named like so:

$unix_timestamp-$zone-$dist-$cluster_name.sh

This script should be copied to and run on all the other hosts in the Hadoop cluster (excluding OneFS). It will create the same users/groups with the same UIDs/GIDs and memberships as on OneFS using LSB utilities such as groupadd, useradd, and usermod.

isilon_create_directories

Using the information from above, an invocation of isilon_create_directories could look like this:

isilon_create_directories --dry \
    --onefs-user "$iht_user" \
    --zone "$zone" \
    --dist "$dist" \
    --append-cluster-name "$cluster_name" \
    "$onefs"
  • Note: --dry causes the script to log without executing. Use it to ensure the script will do what you intend before actually doing it.

If anything goes wrong (e.g. the script stopped because you forgot to run isilon_create_users first), you can safely rerun with the same options. IHT should figure out that some of its job has been done already and work with what it finds.

  • If a particular directory already exists but does not have the correct ownership or permissions, IHT will correct it.
  • If a user/group has been deleted and re-created with a new UID/GID, IHT will adjust ownership accordingly.
  • IHT may NOT detect previous runs that used different options.

Development

See the Contributing Guidelines for information on project development.

Project details


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