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Routines and classes supporting MongoDB environments

Project description tests Ruff Code style: Black

Migration Manager

jaraco.mongodb.migration implements the Migration Manager as featured at the MongoWorld 2016 presentation From the Polls to the Trolls. Use it to load documents of various schema versions into a target version that your application expects.


jaraco.mongodb.sessions implements a CherryPy Sessions store backed by MongoDB.

By default, the session store will handle sessions with any objects that can be inserted into a MongoDB collection naturally.

To support richer objects, one may configure the codec to use jaraco.modb.


jaraco.mongodb.fields provides two functions, encode and decode, which take arbitrary unicode text and transform it into values suitable as keys on older versions of MongoDB by backslash-escaping the values.


To monitor an ongoing index operation in a server, simply invoke:

python -m jaraco.mongodb.monitor-index-creation mongodb://host/db


To move files from one gridfs collection to another, invoke:

python -m jaraco.mongodb.move-gridfs –help

And follow the usage for moving all or some gridfs files and optionally deleting the files after.


This package provides an oplog module, which is based on the mongooplog-alt project, which itself is a Python remake of official mongooplog utility, shipped with MongoDB starting from version 2.2 and deprecated in 3.2. It reads oplog of a remote server, and applies operations to the local server. This can be used to keep independed replica set loosly synced in much the same way as Replica Sets are synced, and may be useful in various backup and migration scenarios.

oplog implements basic functionality of the official utility and adds following features:

  • tailable oplog reader: runs forever polling new oplog event which is extremly useful for keeping two independent replica sets in almost real-time sync.

  • option to sync only selected databases/collections.

  • option to exclude one or more namespaces (i.e. dbs or collections) from being synced.

  • ability to “rename” dbs/collections on fly, i.e. destination namespaces can differ from the original ones. This feature works on mongodb 1.8 and later. Official utility only supports version 2.2.x and higher.

  • save last processed timestamp to file, resume from saved point later.

Invoke the command as a module script: python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog.

Command-line options

Usage is as follows:

$ python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog  --help
usage: [--help] [--source host[:port]] [--oplogns OPLOGNS]
                [--dest host[:port]] [-w WINDOW] [-f] [--ns [NS [NS ...]]]
                [-x [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]]]
                [--rename [ns_old=ns_new [ns_old=ns_new ...]]] [--dry-run]
                [--resume-file FILENAME] [-s SECONDS] [-l LOG_LEVEL]

optional arguments:
  --help                show usage information
  --source host[:port]  Hostname of the mongod server from which oplog
                        operations are going to be pulled. Called "--from" in
  --oplogns OPLOGNS     Source namespace for oplog
  --dest host[:port]    Hostname of the mongod server (or replica set as <set
                        name>/s1,s2) to which oplog operations are going to be
                        applied. Default is "localhost". Called "--host" in
  -w WINDOW, --window WINDOW
                        Time window to query, like "3 days" or "24:00" (24
                        hours, 0 minutes).
  -f, --follow          Wait for new data in oplog. Makes the utility polling
                        oplog forever (until interrupted). New data is going
                        to be applied immediately with at most one second
  --ns [NS [NS ...]]    Process only these namespaces, ignoring all others.
                        Space separated list of strings in form of ``dname``
                        or ``dbname.collection``. May be specified multiple
  -x [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]], --exclude [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]]
                        List of space separated namespaces which should be
                        ignored. Can be in form of ``dname`` or
                        ``dbname.collection``. May be specified multiple
  --rename [ns_old=ns_new [ns_old=ns_new ...]]
                        Rename database(s) and/or collection(s). Operations on
                        namespace ``ns_old`` from the source server will be
                        applied to namespace ``ns_new`` on the destination
                        server. May be specified multiple times.
  --dry-run             Suppress application of ops.
  --resume-file FILENAME
                        Read from and write to this file the last processed
  -l LOG_LEVEL, --log-level LOG_LEVEL
                        Set log level (DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR)

Example usages

Consider the following sample usage:

python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog --source --dest -f --exclude logdb data.transactions --seconds 600

This command is going to take operations from the last 10 minutes from prod, and apply them to dev. Database logdb and collection transactions of data database will be omitted. After operations for the last minutes will be applied, command will wait for new changes to come, keep running until Ctrl+C or other termination signal recieved.

The tool provides a --dry-run option and when logging at the DEBUG level will emit the oplog entries. Combine these to use the tool as an oplog cat tool:

$ python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog --dry-run -s 0 -f --source --ns survey_tabs -l DEBUG


Tests for oplog are written in javascript using test harness which is used for testing MongoDB iteself. You can run the oplog suite with:

mongo tests/oplog.js

Tests produce alot of output. Succesful execution ends with line like this:

ReplSetTest stopSet *** Shut down repl set - test worked ****

These tests are run as part of the continuous integration and release acceptance tests in Travis.

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