Routines and classes supporting MongoDB environments
jaraco.mongodb.migration implements the Migration Manager as featured at the MongoWorld 2016 presentation From the Polls to the Trolls. Use it to load documents of various schema versions into a target version that your application expects.
jaraco.mongodb.sessions implements a CherryPy Sessions store backed by MongoDB.
By default, the session store will handle sessions with any objects that can be inserted into a MongoDB collection naturally.
To support richer objects, one may configure the codec to use jaraco.modb.
jaraco.mongodb.fields provides two functions, encode and decode, which take arbitrary unicode text and transform it into values suitable as keys on older versions of MongoDB by backslash-escaping the values.
To monitor an ongoing index operation in a server, simply invoke:
python -m jaraco.mongodb.monitor-index-creation mongodb://host/db
To move files from one gridfs collection to another, invoke:
python -m jaraco.mongodb.move-gridfs –help
And follow the usage for moving all or some gridfs files and optionally deleting the files after.
This package provides an oplog module, which is based on the mongooplog-alt project, which itself is a Python remake of official mongooplog utility, shipped with MongoDB starting from version 2.2 and deprecated in 3.2. It reads oplog of a remote server, and applies operations to the local server. This can be used to keep independed replica set loosly synced in much the same way as Replica Sets are synced, and may be useful in various backup and migration scenarios.
oplog implements basic functionality of the official utility and adds following features:
- tailable oplog reader: runs forever polling new oplog event which is extremly useful for keeping two independent replica sets in almost real-time sync.
- option to sync only selected databases/collections.
- option to exclude one or more namespaces (i.e. dbs or collections) from being synced.
- ability to “rename” dbs/collections on fly, i.e. destination namespaces can differ from the original ones. This feature works on mongodb 1.8 and later. Official utility only supports version 2.2.x and higher.
- save last processed timestamp to file, resume from saved point later.
Invoke the command as a module script: python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog.
Usage is as follows:
$ python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog --help usage: oplog.py [--help] [--source host[:port]] [--oplogns OPLOGNS] [--dest host[:port]] [-w WINDOW] [-f] [--ns [NS [NS ...]]] [-x [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]]] [--rename [ns_old=ns_new [ns_old=ns_new ...]]] [--dry-run] [--resume-file FILENAME] [-s SECONDS] [-l LOG_LEVEL] optional arguments: --help show usage information --source host[:port] Hostname of the mongod server from which oplog operations are going to be pulled. Called "--from" in mongooplog. --oplogns OPLOGNS Source namespace for oplog --dest host[:port] Hostname of the mongod server (or replica set as <set name>/s1,s2) to which oplog operations are going to be applied. Default is "localhost". Called "--host" in mongooplog. -w WINDOW, --window WINDOW Time window to query, like "3 days" or "24:00" (24 hours, 0 minutes). -f, --follow Wait for new data in oplog. Makes the utility polling oplog forever (until interrupted). New data is going to be applied immediately with at most one second delay. --ns [NS [NS ...]] Process only these namespaces, ignoring all others. Space separated list of strings in form of ``dname`` or ``dbname.collection``. May be specified multiple times. -x [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]], --exclude [EXCLUDE [EXCLUDE ...]] List of space separated namespaces which should be ignored. Can be in form of ``dname`` or ``dbname.collection``. May be specified multiple times. --rename [ns_old=ns_new [ns_old=ns_new ...]] Rename database(s) and/or collection(s). Operations on namespace ``ns_old`` from the source server will be applied to namespace ``ns_new`` on the destination server. May be specified multiple times. --dry-run Suppress application of ops. --resume-file FILENAME Read from and write to this file the last processed timestamp. -l LOG_LEVEL, --log-level LOG_LEVEL Set log level (DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR)
Consider the following sample usage:
python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog --source prod.example.com:28000 --dest dev.example.com:28500 -f --exclude logdb data.transactions --seconds 600
This command is going to take operations from the last 10 minutes from prod, and apply them to dev. Database logdb and collection transactions of data database will be omitted. After operations for the last minutes will be applied, command will wait for new changes to come, keep running until Ctrl+C or other termination signal recieved.
The tool provides a --dry-run option and when logging at the DEBUG level will emit the oplog entries. Combine these to use the tool as an oplog cat tool:
$ python -m jaraco.mongodb.oplog --dry-run -s 0 -f --source prod.example.com --ns survey_tabs -l DEBUG
Tests produce alot of output. Succesful execution ends with line like this:
ReplSetTest stopSet *** Shut down repl set - test worked ****
These tests are run as part of the continuous integration and release acceptance tests in Travis.
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