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Python log in json format.

Project description

jsonformatter -- A formatter for python log json format

jsonformatter is a json formatter for python log handler, you can use it easily output LogStash needed format or other custom json format.

jsonformatter requires Python 3.X.

Installation

jsonformatter is available on PyPI. Use pip to install:

$ pip install jsonformatter

or:

$ git clone https://github.com/MyColorfulDays/jsonformatter.git
$ cd jsonformatter
$ python setup.py install

LogRecord Attributes

Offical url: https://docs.python.org/3/library/logging.html#logrecord-attributes

Attribute name Format Description
args You shouldn’t need to format this yourself. The tuple of arguments merged into msg to produce message, or a dict whose values are used for the merge (when there is only one argument, and it is a dictionary).
asctime %(asctime)s Human-readable time when the LogRecord was created. By default this is of the form ‘2003-07-08 16:49:45,896’ (the numbers after the comma are millisecond portion of the time).
created %(created)f Time when the LogRecord was created (as returned by time.time()).
exc_info You shouldn’t need to format this yourself. Exception tuple (à la sys.exc_info) or, if no exception has occurred, None.
filename %(filename)s Filename portion of pathname.
funcName %(funcName)s Name of function containing the logging call.
levelname %(levelname)s Text logging level for the message ('DEBUG', 'INFO', 'WARNING', 'ERROR', 'CRITICAL').
levelno %(levelno)s Numeric logging level for the message (DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL).
lineno %(lineno)d Source line number where the logging call was issued (if available).
message %(message)s The logged message, computed as msg % args. This is set when Formatter.format() is invoked.
module %(module)s Module (name portion of filename).
msecs %(msecs)d Millisecond portion of the time when the LogRecord was created.
msg You shouldn’t need to format this yourself. The format string passed in the original logging call. Merged with args to produce message, or an arbitrary object (see Using arbitrary objects as messages).
name %(name)s Name of the logger used to log the call.
pathname %(pathname)s Full pathname of the source file where the logging call was issued (if available).
process %(process)d Process ID (if available).
processName %(processName)s Process name (if available).
relativeCreated %(relativeCreated)d Time in milliseconds when the LogRecord was created, relative to the time the logging module was loaded.
stack_info You shouldn’t need to format this yourself. Stack frame information (where available) from the bottom of the stack in the current thread, up to and including the stack frame of the logging call which resulted in the creation of this record.
thread %(thread)d Thread ID (if available).
threadName %(threadName)s Thread name (if available).

Basic Usage

Case 1. config in python code

import logging

from jsonformatter import JsonFormatter

# format can be json string, OrderedDict, dict.
# if format is dict and python version<3.7.0, the output order is same of sorted keys.
# the key needn't same as attribute name, can be whatever you like.
# the value can be `Attribute name` or `Format`(`Attribute name` will diplay `LogRecord.attribute`, `Format` will diplay `str(LogRecord.attribute)`).
STRING_FORMAT = '''{
    "Name":            "name",
    "Levelno":         "levelno",
    "Levelname":       "levelname",
    "Pathname":        "pathname",
    "Filename":        "filename",
    "Module":          "module",
    "Lineno":          "lineno",
    "FuncName":        "funcName",
    "Created":         "created",
    "Asctime":         "asctime",
    "Msecs":           "msecs",
    "RelativeCreated": "relativeCreated",
    "Thread":          "thread",
    "ThreadName":      "threadName",
    "Process":         "process",
    "Message":         "message"
}'''



root = logging.getLogger()
root.setLevel(logging.INFO)

formatter = JsonFormatter(STRING_FORMAT)

sh = logging.StreamHandler()
sh.setFormatter(formatter)
sh.setLevel(logging.INFO)

root.addHandler(sh)

root.info("test %s format", 'string')

Case 2. config from config file

config file:

$ cat logger_config.ini
[loggers]
keys=root

[logger_root]
level=DEBUG
handlers=infohandler


###############################################

[handlers]
keys=infohandler

[handler_infohandler]
class=StreamHandler
level=INFO
formatter=form01
args=(sys.stdout,)

###############################################

[formatters]
keys=form01

[formatter_form01]
class=jsonformatter.JsonFormatter
format={"Name": "name","Levelno": "levelno","Levelname": "levelname","Pathname": "pathname","Filename": "filename","Module": "module","Lineno": "lineno","FuncName": "funcName","Created": "created","Asctime": "asctime","Msecs": "msecs","RelativeCreated": "relativeCreated","Thread": "thread","ThreadName": "threadName","Process": "process","Message": "message"}

python code:

import logging
import os
from logging.config import fileConfig

fileConfig(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), 'logger_config.ini'))
root = logging.getLogger('root')
root.info('test file config')

More Usage

Case 1. output multiple attributes in one key

import logging

from jsonformatter import JsonFormatter

MULTI_ATTRIBUTES_FORMAT = '''{
    "multi attributes in one key": "%(name)s - %(levelno)s - %(levelname)s - %(pathname)s - %(filename)s - %(module)s - %(lineno)d - %(funcName)s - %(created)f - %(asctime)s - %(msecs)d - %(relativeCreated)d - %(thread)d - %(threadName)s - %(process)d - %(message)s"
}
'''


root = logging.getLogger()
root.setLevel(logging.INFO)

formatter = JsonFormatter(MULTI_ATTRIBUTES_FORMAT)

sh = logging.StreamHandler()
sh.setFormatter(formatter)

sh.setLevel(logging.INFO)

root.addHandler(sh)
root.info('test multi attributes in one key')

Case 2. support json.dumps all optional parameters

import logging

from jsonformatter import JsonFormatter

STRING_FORMAT = '''{
    "Name":            "name",
    "Levelno":         "levelno",
    "Levelname":       "levelname",
    "Pathname":        "pathname",
    "Filename":        "filename",
    "Module":          "module",
    "Lineno":          "lineno",
    "FuncName":        "funcName",
    "Created":         "created",
    "Asctime":         "asctime",
    "Msecs":           "msecs",
    "RelativeCreated": "relativeCreated",
    "Thread":          "thread",
    "ThreadName":      "threadName",
    "Process":         "process",
    "Message":         "message"
}'''

root = logging.getLogger()
root.setLevel(logging.INFO)


formatter = JsonFormatter(STRING_FORMAT, indent=4, ensure_ascii=False)

sh = logging.StreamHandler()
sh.setFormatter(formatter)

sh.setLevel(logging.INFO)

root.addHandler(sh)

root.info('test json optional paramter: 中文')

Case 3. add/replace LogRecord's attribute value

import datetime
import json
import logging
import random
from collections import OrderedDict

from jsonformatter import JsonFormatter

# the key will add/replace `LogRecord`'s attribute
# the value must be `callable` type and not support paramters, it returned value will as the value of LogRecord's attribute
RECORD_CUSTOM_ATTRS = {
    # datetime.datetime type is not JSON serializable.
    # solve it in three ways.
    # 1. use `Format` %(asctme)s.
    # 2. use `json.dumps` optional parameter `default`.
    # 3. use `json.dumps` optional parameter `cls`.
    'asctime': lambda: datetime.datetime.today(),
    'user id': lambda: str(random.random())[2:10]
}

RECORD_CUSTOM_FORMAT = OrderedDict([
    ("User id",         "user id"),  # new custom attrs
    ("Name",            "name"),
    ("Levelno",         "levelno"),
    ("Levelname",       "levelname"),
    ("Pathname",        "pathname"),
    ("Filename",        "filename"),
    ("Module",          "module"),
    ("Lineno",          "lineno"),
    ("FuncName",        "funcName"),
    ("Created",         "created"),
    ("Asctime",         "%(asctime)s"),  # use `Format` to convert returned value to string.
    ("Msecs",           "msecs"),
    ("RelativeCreated", "relativeCreated"),
    ("Thread",          "thread"),
    ("ThreadName",      "threadName"),
    ("Process",         "process"),
    ("Message",         "message")
])


def DEFAULT_SOLUTION(o):
    if not isinstance(o,(str, int, float, bool, type(None))):
        return str(o)
    else:
        return o

class CLS_SOLUTION(json.JSONEncoder):
    def default(self, o):
        if isinstance(o, datetime.datetime):
            return o.isoformat()

        return json.JSONEncoder.default(self, o)

root = logging.getLogger()
root.setLevel(logging.INFO)

formatter = JsonFormatter(RECORD_CUSTOM_FORMAT, record_custom_attrs=RECORD_CUSTOM_ATTRS, default=DEFAULT_SOLUTION, cls=CLS_SOLUTION)

sh = logging.StreamHandler()
sh.setFormatter(formatter)

sh.setLevel(logging.INFO)

root.addHandler(sh)
root.info('record custom attrs')

Project details


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0.1.3

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