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LEB128(Little Endian Base 128)

Project description

LEB128

LEB128 or Little Endian Base 128 is a form of variable-length code compression used to store an arbitrarily large integer in a small number of bytes. LEB128 is used in the DWARF debug file format and the WebAssembly binary encoding for all integer literals.

$ pip3 install leb128

leb128 is used in pywasm, which the WebAssembly virtual machine.

Example

import io
import leb128

# unsigned leb128
assert leb128.u.encode(624485) == bytearray([0xe5, 0x8e, 0x26])
assert leb128.u.decode(bytearray([0xe5, 0x8e, 0x26])) == 624485
assert leb128.u.decode_reader(io.BytesIO(bytearray([0xe5, 0x8e, 0x26]))) == (624485, 3)

# signed leb128
assert leb128.i.encode(-123456) == bytearray([0xc0, 0xbb, 0x78])
assert leb128.i.decode(bytearray([0xc0, 0xbb, 0x78])) == -123456
assert leb128.i.decode_reader(io.BytesIO(bytearray([0xc0, 0xbb, 0x78]))) == (-123456, 3)

Performance

Since I used the most optimized algorithm, it is likely to be the fastest among all pure Python implementations of leb128.

Case Duration
U encode 1000000 times 0.865 s
U decode 1000000 times 0.808 s
I encode 1000000 times 0.762 s
I decode 1000000 times 0.835 s

License

MIT

Project details


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