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MEMPAMAL: Means for EMbarrassingly PArallel MAchine Learning

Project description

.. -*- mode: rst -*-


Means for EMbarrassingly PArallel MAchine Learning.

*Même pas mal!* is a french exclamation standing for *Did not hurt!*.
So, if your computer cannot manage your machine learning load, just
respond MEmPaMaL and give it a try.

MEmPaMaL is a Python module for some machine learning workflows built on top of
Scikit-learn and distributed under the 3-Clause BSD license.


MEmPaMaL is a set of python helpers to produce and run some
embarrassingly parallel machine learning workflows. The goal of
MEmPaMaL is to produce a list of commands and dependencies. We state
that today, commands and files are a very portable and effective
approach for quick and dirty data exploration or new algorithms
development. *If your workflow runs on your personal computer but takes
too many times, MEmPaMal can help you to scale out!*

For the machine learning description it relies on the Scikit-learn [1]
design (pipelines, estimators with fit/predict, transformers with
fit/transform, etc.) and can accept estimators that respect the
Scikit-learn conventions. One possible back-end to execute the list of
commands and dependencies is Soma-Workflow [2]. This approach was
successfully applied to personal multicore computers, clusters (with
more than 2,000 cores) and cloud. To see more on the origins and
motivations of this project, you can read [3].

So, what is this set of machine learning workflows and the restrictions?


- **Suited for supervised learning**. For a given set of samples we
measure features, an array denoted X of shape (n_samples,
n_features), and targets, an array y of shape (n_samples,
n_targets). The goal is to construct a predictive model and to
measure its goodness of fit on unseen data (see examples for more

- **Did you say Big Data?** MEmPaMaL don't care about this marketing
term, it just some scripts to help you distribute your computation
as seamlessly as possible. If your code and computing infrastructure
is able to perform *Big Data* analysis with simple files and
commands, it should work but it is NOT the purpose of MEmPaMaL.

- **Need your knowledge**. You need do understand what you do. For
instance, most of the times multi-targets are inappropriate for a
given estimator. Knowing about your data is probably more important
than being able to compute many models.

- **It's not magic!** You need the computing resources corresponding
to your load then MEmPaMaL can help you to scale out.

- **It's really not magic!** If your algorithm is not efficient or
consume too many memory, MEmPaMaL will just help you to run it many
times in parallel. So, be careful of the snowball effect and if not
sure, try it at small scale first.

- **It's definitely not magic!** Some codes are already parallel
(multiprocessing, OpenMP, etc.) and you need to understand the
implications and make choices. For instance, you can limit OpenMP to
one thread: ``export OMP_NUM_THREADS=1``. In some cases, you would
like to play with the limits of your system and for that you must
deeply understand the underlying technologies and the possibilities
of the execution back-end.


A simple example:

An example with model selection:

An example with ParsimonY (another Python machine learing library):

An example with nested parallelism:


[1] Scikit-learn: Machine Learning in Python, Pedregosa et al., JMLR
12, pp. 2825-2830, 2011. (

[2] Soma-workflow: a unified and simple interface to parallel
computing resources, S. Laguitton et al., in MICCAI Workshop on High
Performance and Distributed Computing for Medical Imaging,
2011. (

[3] Machine learning patterns for neuroimaging-genetic studies in the cloud,
B. Da Mota et al., in Frontiers in neuroinformatics, 2014.

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