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Enhancements of yaml format to support include and python expression

Project Description

Mata Yaml is several enhancements for yaml format that allow the following:

  • include one yaml file from another
  • use python expression and other fields in the file as value

Include files syntax

To include one file or files the ‘extend’ key is used. For example:

base.yaml:

extend:
  - file1.yaml
  - file2.yaml
name: base.yaml
b: overridden_by_base
new: new

file1.yaml:

a: a
b: b
c: c
name: file1.yaml

file2.yaml:

a: aa
b: bb
d: d
name: file2.yaml

The order and sequence of file processing is shown in the following table:

Step Action Intermediate dict
1 Read base.yaml and extract extend key
{"extend":
    ["file1.yaml", "file2.yaml"] }
2 Read file1.yaml
{
   "a": "a",
   "b": "b",
   "c": "c",
   "name": "file1.yaml"
}
3 Read file2.yaml and merge/override values
{
   "a": "aa", # overridden
   "b": "b",  # overridden
   "c": "c",
   "d": "d",  # added
   "name": "file2.yaml" # overridden
}
4 Read rest values from base.yaml and merge/override
{
   "a": "aa",
   "b": "overridden_by_base",  # overridden
   "c": "c",
   "d": "d",
   "name": "base.yaml" # overridden
   "new": "new" # added
}

Expression syntax

Metayaml support any python valid expression. For this expression should be enclosed in brackets ${} or $(). The first brackets is used for eager substitute and $() for laze. I.e. expressions in $() are applied after full read file and its include files but ${} during file read.

The access to other values from expression can be done by using dictionary syntax or ‘dash dictionary syntax’.

Examples:

base.yaml

extend:
  - f1.yaml

hour: ${60*60}  # just simple python expression
${2+2}: four  # expression can be in the key
delay: ${hour*2}  # delay is two hour or 7200 seconds
loggers:
  metayaml:
    name: metayaml
    level: debug
    console: false
  backend:
    name: backend
    level: ${loggers.metayaml.level}
    console: ${loggers.metayaml.console}
  ext: ${loggers.metayaml}  # copy whole dict from loggers.metayaml this key

  incorrect: ${delay} ${loggers.ext}  # In this case string representation of objects will be concatenated

f1.yaml

run_interval: $(hour*5)  # 5 hours. But 'hour' is not defined when this file is processed.
                         # Therefore only $() brackets can be used here.

Installation

Meta Yaml is in PyPI, so it can be installed directly using:

$ pip install metayaml

Or from BitBucket:

$ git clone https://bitbucket.org/atagunov/metayaml
$ cd metayaml
$ python setup.py install

Documentation

Documentation (such that it is) is available at https://bitbucket.org/atagunov/metayaml

Usage

from metayaml import read
read(["config.yaml",
      "test.yaml"],
     {'join': os.path.join, # allows get right os specific path in yaml file
      'env': os.environ}  # allows use system environments from yaml file
    )

config.yaml

extend:
  - ${join(env["HOME"], ".metayaml", "localconfig.yaml")} # added reading local config from $HOME
user_name: ${env["USER"]}
email: ${user_name + "@example.com"}
debug: false

test.yaml

debug: true

Order of substitution

The substitutions are done in order of the values in the file. I.e. the following example will be failed:

B: ${A+1}     <--- A is not defined here
AA: ${B}
A: 1

But the following The result is ok:

A: 1
B: ${A+1}
AA: ${B}

Change merge behavior

By default it is possible to add new keys in the dict and replace the list. In some cases it is necessary to remove keys from base file or add some values to list. For example

base.yaml:

main:
    iso_3166:
      China: CN
      Honduras: HN
      Madagascar: MG

    country_codes:
      - CN
      - HN
      - MG

    country_codes_3:
      - CHN
      - HND
      - MDG

last.yaml:

extend:
  - base.yaml
main:
  iso_3166:
     ${__del__}: China  #  key 'China' will be removed from the result
     Liberia: LR  # add new key

  country_codes:
     - LR         # after merge country_codes contains only one element.

  country_codes_3:
    ${__extend__}:
      - LBR       # the result list is ["CHN", "HND", "MDG", "LBR"]

The result of the code:

d = read("last.yaml")
print d

{
    "main": {
        "iso_3166": {
            "Honduras": "HN",
            "Madagascar": "MG",
            "Liberia": "LR"
        },
        "country_codes": [
            "LR"
        ],
        "country_codes_3": [
            "CHN",
            "HND",
            "MDG",
            "LBR"
        ]
    }
}

Copy method

There is method ‘cp’ which copy dict/list with extending:

cron:
  daily:
    min: 0
    hour: 0

  monthly:
    min: 0
    hour: 0
    day: 1

schedule:
  nighttask: ${cp(cron.daily, min=5)}  # min will be replaced to 5
  #  min: 5
  #  hour: 0
  daytask: ${cp(cron.daily, min=7, hour=13)} # min and hour are replaced
  #  min: 7
  #  hour: 13
  monthtask: ${cp(cron.monthly, day=2)}
  #  min: 0
  #  hour: 0
  #  day: 2

deploy:
  subnets:
    - 1.1.1.1
    - 2.2.2.2

  base_elb:
    - 4.4.4.4
    - 5.5.5.5

  elb: ${cp(deploy.subnets, "3.3.3.3", *deploy.base_elb)}
  # - 1.1.1.1
  # - 2.2.2.2
  # - 3.3.3.3
  # - 4.4.4.4
  # - 5.5.5.5

License

MetaYaml is released under a MIT license.

Release History

Release History

This version
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0.22

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0.21

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0.20

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0.19

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0.18

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0.15.1

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0.14

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0.12

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0.2

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0.1

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