Code formatting and code metrics for programs written in the MATLAB/Simulink and Octave languages.
MATLAB Independent, Small & Safe, High Integrity Tools
MATLAB is a popular programming language in many engineering disciplines, intended for the fast development of prototypes. But as we all know, prototypes make it into production all the time, so now you're stuck. Unfortunately, there are no style checkers or "good" static analysis tools for MATLAB. This project attempts to fill this gap.
If you have MATLAB (or MATLAB embedded in Simulink models) in your production code and want to improve code quality then this tool-suite is for you.
Tools & Documentation
MISS_HIT comes with the following tools, all of which come with user manuals and setup instructions: https://florianschanda.github.io/miss_hit/
A simple coding style checker and code formatter for MATLAB or Octave code, including MATLAB embedded inside Simulink models.
A simple code metric tool for MATLAB or Octave code, including MATLAB embedded inside Simulink models.
A simple linter for MATLAB or Octave code, including MATLAB embedded inside Simulink models.
A simple tool to extrace tags from test and code to demonstrate requirements traceability.
A tool for diffing MATLAB code inside Simulink models. Note that other changes (e.g. different connections) are not detected; this is only working for embedded MATLAB.
Copyright notice helper
A tool that can update or adjust copyright notices in bulk. Helpful if your company changes name, or you have year ranges that need updating.
Please refer to the release notes for a summary of recent changes and known issues.
We intend to provide more tools later, please refer to the roadmap for more information.
Installing and using MISS_HIT
Installation via pip
$ pip3 install --user miss_hit
This installation also adds five executable scripts
.local/bin, so please make sure that this is on your
You can also use the
python -m syntax to directly invoke the
program. This might be useful if you're on a heavily locked-down
corporate Windows environment:
$ python3 -m miss_hit.mh_style
To use MISS_HIT you just give it a set of files or directories to process, for example:
$ mh_style my_file.m $ mh_style --process-slx my_model.slx $ mh_style src/
Configuration and setup is described in the user manuals
Installation via pipx
Very similar to the above:
$ pipx install miss_hit --include-deps
Installation by checkout
It is recommended to use pip or pipx, as that gets you the latest stable release. However, it is possible to directly use MISS_HIT from a checkout. MISS_HIT currently does not require any non-standard python packages or libraries as dependencies. Just check out the repository and put it on your path. That's it.
The version of Python I am using is
3.7 but any later version should
also work. I am not using any overly fancy language features.
Additional requirements for developing MISS_HIT
If you want to help develop you will need Linux as the test-suite doesn't really work on Windows. You will also need Pylint, PyCodeStyle, Coverage, and Graphviz. Install as follows:
$ apt-get install graphviz $ pip3 install --user --upgrade pylint pycodestyle coverage
For publishing releases (to GitHub and PyPI) you will also need:
$ pip3 install --user --upgrade setuptools wheel requests
There are serious issues present in the MATLAB and Octave languages on
all levels (lexical structure, parsing, and semantics) that make it
very difficult to create any tool processing them. In fact, GitHub is
littered with incomplete attempts and buggy parsers. The usual
question is "but what about Octave?"; it is a similar language, but it
is not compatible with MATLAB. If your problem is parsing MATLAB then
the Octave parser will not help you. Even very simple statements such
x = [1++2] mean different things (
3 in MATLAB, syntax error in
I have documented the key issues we've faced and how we've resolved them.
Copyright & License
The basic framework, style checker and code metrics tool of MISS_HIT
miss_hit_core) are licensed under the GNU GPL
version 3 (or later) as described in
The advanced analysis tools of MISS_HIT (everything under
are licensed under the GNU Affero GPL version 3 (or later) as
The vast majority of this work is (C) Florian Schanda. Contributions from the following people and entities are under their copyright, with the same license:
- Alina Boboc (Documentation style)
- Benedikt Schmid (MATLAB integration)
- Remi Gau (CI/CD templates)
- Veoneer System Software GmbH (JSON Metrics)
- Zenuity AB (Key parts of the lexer)
Copyright of octave tests
This project includes verbatim and modified/adapted parts of the GNU
Octave testsuite under
tests/style/octave_annotations. These are (c) their original
authors. Each file there describes from which file they derive.
Note on parser tests
Some of the parser tests include code samples and documentation snippets from the publicly available MathWorks website. An attribution (in comment form) is always included in these cases.
Note on the documentation assets
The documentation uses feather icons which are licensed under the MIT License.
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