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Project description

Author:

Lukas Turcani

Introduction

moldoc is a Sphinx extension for making better chemistry documentation. It allows you to embed 3D, interactive models of molecules directly into your compiled docs. You can see it being used in the stk docs.

moldoc.gif

Installation

First, run

pip install moldoc

and then add it to your extensions in conf.py

extensions = [
    'moldoc',
]

Adding Molecules into Your Docs

You can define molecules you show with the moldoc directive, which you can place it into your rst files

.. moldoc::

    # The content of a moldoc directive is just a Python script
    # which needs to define a moldoc_display_molecule variable.

    import moldoc.molecule as molecule

    moldoc_display_molecule = molecule.Molecule(
        atoms=(
            # molecule.Atom(atomic_number, position)
            molecule.Atom(6, (-0.06, -0.17, 0.)),
            molecule.Atom(17, (-1.35, 1.04, -0.04)),
            molecule.Atom(35, (1.65, 0.73, -0.06)),
            molecule.Atom(1, (-0.15, -0.88, -0.87)),
            molecule.Atom(1, (-0.09, -0.72, 0.97)),
        ),
        bonds=(
            # molecule.Bond(atom1_id, atom2_id, order)
            molecule.Bond(0, 1, 1),
            molecule.Bond(0, 2, 1),
            molecule.Bond(0, 3, 1),
            molecule.Bond(0, 4, 1),
        ),
    )

or in your Python docstrings

def some_fn():
    """
    Do something.

    .. moldoc::

        # The content of a moldoc directive is just a Python script
        # which needs to define a moldoc_display_molecule variable.

        import moldoc.molecule as molecule

        moldoc_display_molecule = molecule.Molecule(
            atoms=(
                # molecule.Atom(atomic_number, position)
                molecule.Atom(6, (-0.06, -0.17, 0.)),
                molecule.Atom(17, (-1.35, 1.04, -0.04)),
                molecule.Atom(35, (1.65, 0.73, -0.06)),
                molecule.Atom(1, (-0.15, -0.88, -0.87)),
                molecule.Atom(1, (-0.09, -0.72, 0.97)),
            ),
            bonds=(
                # molecule.Bond(atom1_id, atom2_id, order)
                molecule.Bond(0, 1, 1),
                molecule.Bond(0, 2, 1),
                molecule.Bond(0, 3, 1),
                molecule.Bond(0, 4, 1),
            ),
        )

    """

    print('In some_fn()')

Note that the content in the moldoc directive is a just a Python script, which has to define a moldoc_display_molecule variable holding a moldoc.molecule.Molecule instance.

Because the content of a moldoc directive is just a Python script you can define your molecules programatically

def some_fn():
    """
    Do something.

    .. moldoc::

        # The content of a moldoc directive is just a Python script
        # which needs to define a moldoc_display_molecule variable.

        import moldoc.molecule as molecule

        atoms = [molecule.Atom(6, (i, 0., 0.)) for i in range(10)]
        bonds = [molecule.Bond(i-1, i, 1) for i in range(1, 10)]

        moldoc_display_molecule = molecule.Molecule(
            atoms=atoms,
            bonds=bonds,
        )

    """

    print('In some_fn()')

Configuration

Global

You can use the moldoc_default_molecule_config to set the default MoleculeConfig value for all renderings. This is defined in conf.py:

import moldoc.molecule as molecule
moldoc_default_molecule_config = molecule.MoleculeConfig(
    background_color=molecule.Color(32, 32, 32),
)

Local

The display of molecules is pretty configurable, here is a snapshot of the different configuration options you have, but note that this is not an exhaustive list

configuration.jpg

Configuration happens on both the molecule and the atom level. For example

.. moldoc::

    # The content of a moldoc directive is just a Python script
    # which needs to define a moldoc_display_molecule variable.

    import moldoc.molecule as molecule

    atoms = [
        molecule.Atom(
            atomic_number=6,
            position=(i, 0., 0.),
            # Configure the atom size and color.
            config=molecule.AtomConfig(
                color=molecule.Color(
                    red=255,
                    green=0,
                    blue=0,
                ),
                size=1.2,
            ),
        ) for i in range(10),
    ]
    bonds = [molecule.Bond(i-1, i, 1) for i in range(1, 10)]

    moldoc_display_molecule = molecule.Molecule(
        atoms=atoms,
        bonds=bonds,
        config=molecule.MoleculeConfig(
            atom_scale=1,
            material=molecule.MeshStandardMaterial(),
            background_color=molecule.Color(0, 255, 0),
            is_outlined=False,
        ),
    )

Note that there are many materials to choose from, and that each has its own set of configuration options. You can see the materials and their configuration options in src/moldoc/molecule.py. Note that the materials correspond to classes in THREE.js, for example https://threejs.org/docs/#api/en/materials/MeshStandardMaterial, so if you wish to understand the configuration options of each material the THREE.js docs are the place to look. Most should be straighforward to understand from the name however.

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