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Access, Deisotope, and Charge Deconvolute Mass Spectra

Project description

Documentation | PYPIBADGE | GHAB

A Library for Deisotoping and Charge State Deconvolution For Mass Spectrometry

This library combines brainpy and ms_peak_picker to build a toolkit for MS and MS/MS data. The goal of these libraries is to provide pieces of the puzzle for evaluating MS data modularly. The goal of this library is to combine the modules to streamline processing raw data.


The general-purpose averagine-based deconvolution procedure can be called by using the high level API function deconvolute_peaks, which takes a sequence of peaks, an averagine model, and a isotopic goodness-of-fit scorer:

import ms_deisotope

deconvoluted_peaks, _ = ms_deisotope.deconvolute_peaks(peaks, averagine=ms_deisotope.peptide,

The result is a deisotoped and charge state deconvoluted peak list where each peak’s neutral mass is known and the fitted charge state is recorded along with the isotopic peaks that gave rise to the fit.

Refer to the Documentation for a deeper description of isotopic pattern fitting.


An “Averagine” model is used to describe the composition of an “average amino acid”, which can then be used to approximate the composition and isotopic abundance of a combination of specific amino acids. Given that often the only solution available is to guess at the composition of a particular m/z because there are too many possible elemental compositions, this is the only tractable solution.

This library supports arbitrary Averagine formulae, but the Senko Averagine is provided by default: {“C”: 4.9384, “H”: 7.7583, “N”: 1.3577, “O”: 1.4773, “S”: 0.0417}

from ms_deisotope import Averagine
from ms_deisotope import plot

peptide_averagine = Averagine({"C": 4.9384, "H": 7.7583, "N": 1.3577, "O": 1.4773, "S": 0.0417})

plot.draw_peaklist(peptide_averagine.isotopic_cluster(1266.321, charge=1))
ms_deisotope includes several pre-defined averagines (or “averagoses” as may be more appropriate):
  1. Senko’s peptide - ms_deisotope.peptide

  2. Native N- and O-glycan - ms_deisotope.glycan

  3. Permethylated glycan - ms_deisotope.permethylated_glycan

  4. Glycopeptide - ms_deisotope.glycopeptide

  5. Sulfated Glycosaminoglycan - ms_deisotope.heparan_sulfate

  6. Unsulfated Glycosaminoglycan - ms_deisotope.heparin

Please see the Documentation for more information on mass spectrum data file reading/writing, peak sets, and lower-level signal processing tools.


ms_deisotope uses PEP 517 and 518 build system definition and isolation to ensure all of its compile-time dependencies are installed prior to building. Normal installation should work with pip, and pre-built wheels are available for Windows.

$ pip install ms_deisotope

C Extensions

ms_deisotope and several of its dependencies use C extensions to make iterative operations much faster. If you plan to use this library on a large amount of data, I highly recommend you ensure they are installed:

>>> import ms_deisotope
>>> ms_deisotope.DeconvolutedPeak
<type 'ms_deisotope._c.peak_set.DeconvolutedPeak'>

Building C extensions from source requires a version of Cython >= 0.27.0

Compiling C extensions requires that numpy, brain-isotopic-distribution, and ms_peak_picker be compiled and installed prior to building ms_deisotope:

pip install numpy
pip install -v brain-isotopic-distribution ms_peak_picker
pip install -v ms_deisotope

If these libraries are not installed, ms_deisotope will fall back to using pure Python implementations, which are much slower.

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