GPU-accelerated N-Body particle simulator with visualizer

## Project description

# nBody

### A GPU-accelerated N-body particle simulator and animator

Create complex particle simulations the easy way: a high-level package for designing and simulating large-scale particle interactions. Let **nBody** do the hard work for you!

## Features

Easy to use – and fast – **nBody** can simulate:

- Gravitational acceleration
- Coulomb interactions
- Particle collisions

**nBody** is highly optimized:

- GPU acceleration available via [
``cupy``](https://cupy.chainer.org “cuPY”) - CPU multiprocessing with [
``numpy``](https://numpy.org/ “NumPy”) - Energy conservation via the
*velocity-verlet*algorithm

Animated [``matplotlib``](https://matplotlib.org/ “Matplotlib”) visualizations included for 2-D simulations. 3-D animations are also supported through the use of [``vpython``](https://vpython.org/ “VPython”).

## Quick-Start

Using ``numpy`` arrays, you will need:

- An initial position array
``x``with shape``(N,p)`` *N*is the number of*particles**p*is the number of*dimensions*

- An initial position array
- An initial velocity array
``v``with shape``(N,p)`` - An array of masses
``m```with shape ```(N,)`` - An array of charges
``q``with shape``(N,)`` - An array of radii
``r``with shape``(N,)``

A possible configuration is as follows:

import numpy as np x = np.random.normal(0, 10, (N,p)) # Positions v = np.random.normal(0, 2, (N,p)) # Velocities m = np.random.normal(8, 1, (N, )) # Masses q = np.random.normal(0, 1E-6, (N, )) # Charges r = np.random.normal(1, 0.1, (N, )) # Radii

m[m < 0] = np.abs(m[m < 0]) m[m == 0] = 1E-3

Next, pass these arrays in the given order to the ``spheres`` function, so as to create a new instance ``S`` of class ``System`` with the above conditions.

from nbody import * S = spheres(x, v, m, q, r)

After selecting a simulation runtime ``T`` and (optional) time-step ``dt``, use the ``solve`` method to calculate the particles’ trajectories.

S.solve(T, dt)

If the system is 2-D such that ``p == 2``, an animation can be created and saved to file; here, the filename ``quick_start`` is chosen, and will produce a file ``animations/quick_start.mp4``.

animate(S, “quick_start”)

If the system is 3-D such that ``p == 3``, animations can be created but not saved to file – simply omit the string argument shown above, and no warnings will be raised.

Once the ``solve`` method has been called, it is also possible to save the ``System`` instance to file; in this case, the data will be saved to a directory ``saved/quick_start``.

save(S, “quick_start”)

## Project details

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