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Tools for testing applications that make network requests.

Project description

Networktest

A library to test and enforce testing rules for Python applications that make network requests.

Installation

pip install networktest

Blocking network requests

networktest provides a context manager NetworkBlocker that can be used to prevent tests or an application from making network requests.

import urllib.request
from networktest import NetworkBlocker

with NetworkBlocker():
    # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
    urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

In some types of tests you may want to allow certain types of requests but not others. When testing an API you may want to allow tests to access that API’s database but not make requests to another API.

import urllib.request
from networktest import NetworkBlocker
from my_database import Database

with NetworkBlocker(allowed_packages=NetworkBlocker.AllowablePackages.DATASTORE):
    # This is fine
    Database.query('SELECT 1')

    # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
    urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

If you’re in the process of migrating your tests to mock requests you may want to use NetworkBlocker’s warning mode. This mode will allow requests but display a warning.

import urllib.request
from networktest import NetworkBlocker

with NetworkBlocker(mode=NetworkBlocker.Modes.WARNING):
    # This will be allowed but a warning will be displayed
    urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

TestCase Support

Some TestCases are provided that will apply NetworkBlocker to all tests in that case with some default settings.

import urllib.request
from my_database import Database
from networktest import NetworkBlockedTest, NetworkLimitedTest

class MyTest(NetworkBlockedTest):

    def test_blocker(self):
        # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
        urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

class MyOtherTest(NetworkLimitedTest):

    def test_blocker(self):
        # This is fine
        Database.query('SELECT 1')

        # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
        urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

pytest Support

pytest markers networkblocked and networklimited are available to apply NetworkBlocker to tests. These may be applied to modules, classes, methods or any other way pytest markers are supported.

from pytest import mark

@mark.networkblocked
def test_blocked(self):
    # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
    urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

@mark.networklimited
def test_limited(self):
    # This is fine
    Database.query('SELECT 1')

    # A NetworkBlockException will be raised
    urllib.request.urlopen('http://127.0.0.1').read()

NetworkBlocker may be applied to an entire directory by adding an autouse fixture to a conftest.py file in that directory.

@pytest.fixture(scope='module', autouse=True)
def networkblocker():
    with NetworkBlocker():
        yield

Mocking API requests

HttpApiMock is provided to help with mocking API requests in unit and functional tests.

import urllib.request
from networktest.mock import HttpApiMock

class MyApiMock(HttpApiMock):

    hostnames = [
       'my-api'
    ]

    endpoints = [
        HttpApiMockEndpoint(
            operation_id='example',
            match_pattern=b'^GET /example/(?P<example_id>.*?)/',
            response=lambda groups: (418, {
                'id': groups['example_id'],
            })
        )
    ]

def test_my_api():
    with MyApiMock() as mock_api:
        response = urllib.request.urlopen('http://my-api/')
        response.read()
        # Requests which do not have a matched endpoint return a 200 response code by default
        assert response.getcode() == 200

        try:
            # This request matches the 'example' endpoint defined in MyApiMock
            urllib.request.urlopen('http://my-api/example/1234/').read()
        except urllib.error.HTTPError as e:
            # The response is the one defined for the 'example' endpoint
            assert e.code == 418
            assert e.read() == b'{"id": "1234"}'

        # It's possible to change the default responses inside of a test
        # In most tests it would make sense to apply MyApiMock to all tests of a certain type
        #   and only explictly use MyApiMock when doing something like this.
        mock_api.example.response = lambda groups: (204, None)
        response = urllib.request.urlopen('http://my-api/')
        response.read()
        assert response.getcode() == 204

Integration tests

HttpApiMock may also be used to create assertions for integration tests without preventing API requests from being made.

import urllib.request
from networktest.mock import HttpApiMock

class MyApiMock(HttpApiMock):

    hostnames = [
        'my-api'
    ]

    endpoints = [
        HttpApiMockEndpoint(
            operation_id='example',
            match_pattern=b'^GET /example/(?P<example_id>.*?)/',
            response=lambda groups: (204, None)
        )
    ]

def test_my_api():
    with MyApiMock(Mode=MyApiMock.Modes.WATCH) as mock_api:
        urllib.request.urlopen('http://my-api/example/1234/').read()
        mock_api.example.request_mock.assert_called_once()

Versioning

This package strictly follows semantic versioning.

Project details


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