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John Snow Labs NLU provides state of the art algorithms for NLP&NLU with 4000+ of pretrained models in 200+ languages. It enables swift and simple development and research with its powerful Pythonic and Keras inspired API. It is powerd by John Snow Labs powerful Spark NLP library.

Project description

NLU: The Power of Spark NLP, the Simplicity of Python

John Snow Labs' NLU is a Python library for applying state-of-the-art text mining, directly on any dataframe, with a single line of code. As a facade of the award-winning Spark NLP library, it comes with 1000+ of pretrained models in 100+ , all production-grade, scalable, and trainable and everything in 1 line of code.

NLU in Action

See how easy it is to use any of the thousands of models in 1 line of code, there are hundreds of tutorials and simple examples you can copy and paste into your projects to achieve State Of The Art easily.

NLU & Streamlit in Action

This 1 line let's you visualize and play with 1000+ SOTA NLU & NLP models in 200 languages

streamlit run

NLU provides tight and simple integration into Streamlit, which enables building powerful webapps in just 1 line of code which showcase the. View the NLU&Streamlit documentation or NLU & Streamlit examples section. The entire GIF demo and

All NLU resources overview

Take a look at our official NLU page: for user documentation and examples

Ressource Description
Install NLU Just run pip install nlu pyspark==3.0.2
The NLU Namespace Find all the names of models you can load with nlu.load()
The nlu.load(<Model>) function Load any of the 1000+ models in 1 line
The nlu.load(<Model>).predict(data) function Predict on Strings, List of Strings, Numpy Arrays, Pandas, Modin and Spark Dataframes
The nlu.load(<train.Model>).fit(data) function Train a text classifier for 2-Class, N-Classes Multi-N-Classes, Named-Entitiy-Recognition or Parts of Speech Tagging
The nlu.load(<Model>).viz(data) function Visualize the results of Word Embedding Similarity Matrix, Named Entity Recognizers, Dependency Trees & Parts of Speech, Entity Resolution,Entity Linking or Entity Status Assertion
The nlu.load(<Model>).viz_streamlit(data) function Display an interactive GUI which lets you explore and test every model and feature in NLU in 1 click.
General Concepts General concepts in NLU
The latest release notes Newest features added to NLU
Overview NLU 1-liners examples Most common used models and their results
Overview NLU 1-liners examples for healthcare models Most common used healthcare models and their results
Overview of all NLU tutorials and Examples 100+ tutorials on how to use NLU on text datasets for various problems and from various sources like Twitter, Chinese News, Crypto News Headlines, Airline Traffic communication, Product review classifier training,
Connect with us on Slack Problems, questions or suggestions? We have a very active and helpful community of over 2000+ AI enthusiasts putting NLU, Spark NLP & Spark OCR to good use
Discussion Forum More indepth discussion with the community? Post a thread in our discussion Forum
John Snow Labs Medium Articles and Tutorials on the NLU, Spark NLP and Spark OCR
John Snow Labs Youtube Videos and Tutorials on the NLU, Spark NLP and Spark OCR
NLU Website The official NLU website
Github Issues Report a bug

Getting Started with NLU

To get your hands on the power of NLU, you just need to install it via pip and ensure Java 8 is installed and properly configured. Checkout Quickstart for more infos

pip install nlu pyspark==3.0.2

Loading and predict with any model in 1 line python

import nlu 
nlu.load('sentiment').predict('I love NLU! <3') 

Loading and predict with multiple models in 1 line

Get 6 different embeddings in 1 line and use them for downstream data science tasks!

nlu.load('bert elmo albert xlnet glove use').predict('I love NLU! <3') 

What kind of models does NLU provide?

NLU provides everything a data scientist might want to wish for in one line of code!

  • NLU provides everything a data scientist might want to wish for in one line of code!
  • 1000 + pre-trained models
  • 100+ of the latest NLP word embeddings ( BERT, ELMO, ALBERT, XLNET, GLOVE, BIOBERT, ELECTRA, COVIDBERT) and different variations of them
  • 50+ of the latest NLP sentence embeddings ( BERT, ELECTRA, USE) and different variations of them
  • 100+ Classifiers (NER, POS, Emotion, Sarcasm, Questions, Spam)
  • 300+ Supported Languages
  • Summarize Text and Answer Questions with T5
  • Labeled and Unlabeled Dependency parsing
  • Various Text Cleaning and Pre-Processing methods like Stemming, Lemmatizing, Normalizing, Filtering, Cleaning pipelines and more

Classifiers trained on many different different datasets

Choose the right tool for the right task! Whether you analyze movies or twitter, NLU has the right model for you!

  • trec6 classifier
  • trec10 classifier
  • spam classifier
  • fake news classifier
  • emotion classifier
  • cyberbullying classifier
  • sarcasm classifier
  • sentiment classifier for movies
  • IMDB Movie Sentiment classifier
  • Twitter sentiment classifier
  • NER pretrained on ONTO notes
  • NER trainer on CONLL
  • Language classifier for 20 languages on the wiki 20 lang dataset.

Utilities for the Data Science NLU applications

Working with text data can sometimes be quite a dirty Job. NLU helps you keep your hands clean by providing lots of components that take away data engineering intensive tasks.

  • Datetime Matcher
  • Pattern Matcher
  • Chunk Matcher
  • Phrases Matcher
  • Stopword Cleaners
  • Pattern Cleaners
  • Slang Cleaner

Where can I see all models available in NLU?

For NLU models to load, see the NLU Namespace or the John Snow Labs Modelshub or go straight to the source.

Supported Data Types

  • Pandas DataFrame and Series
  • Spark DataFrames
  • Modin with Ray backend
  • Modin with Dask backend
  • Numpy arrays
  • Strings and lists of strings

Overview of all tutorial using the NLU-Library

In the following tabular, all available tutorials using NLU are listed. These tutorials will help you learn on how to use the NLU library correctly and on how to use it for your own tasks. Some of the tasks NLU does are for example translating from any language into the english language, lemmatizing, tokenizing, cleaning text from Symbol or unwanted syntax, spellchecking, detecting entities, analyzing sentiments and many more!


Tutorial Description NLU Spells Used Open In Colab Dataset and Paper References
Albert Word Embeddings with NLU albert, sentiment pos albert emotion Open In Colab Albert-Paper, Albert on Github, Albert on TensorFlow, T-SNE, T-SNE-Albert, Albert_Embedding
Bert Word Embeddings with NLU bert, pos sentiment emotion bert Open In Colab Bert-Paper, Bert Github, T-SNE, T-SNE-Bert, Bert_Embedding
BIOBERT Word Embeddings with NLU biobert , sentiment pos biobert emotion Open In Colab BioBert-Paper, Bert Github , BERT: Deep Bidirectional Transformers, Bert Github, T-SNE, T-SNE-Biobert, Biobert_Embedding
COVIDBERT Word Embeddings with NLU covidbert, sentiment covidbert pos Open In Colab CovidBert-Paper, Bert Github, T-SNE, T-SNE-CovidBert, Covidbert_Embedding
ELECTRA Word Embeddings with NLU electra, sentiment pos en.embed.electra emotion Open In Colab Electra-Paper, T-SNE, T-SNE-Electra, Electra_Embedding
ELMO Word Embeddings with NLU elmo, sentiment pos elmo emotion Open In Colab ELMO-Paper, Elmo-TensorFlow, T-SNE, T-SNE-Elmo, Elmo-Embedding
GLOVE Word Embeddings with NLU glove, sentiment pos glove emotion Open In Colab Glove-Paper, T-SNE, T-SNE-Glove , Glove_Embedding
XLNET Word Embeddings with NLU xlnet, sentiment pos xlnet emotion Open In Colab XLNet-Paper, Bert Github, T-SNE, T-SNE-XLNet, Xlnet_Embedding
Multiple Word-Embeddings and Part of Speech in 1 Line of code bert electra elmo glove xlnet albert pos Open In Colab Bert-Paper, Albert-Paper, ELMO-Paper, Electra-Paper, XLNet-Paper, Glove-Paper
Normalzing with NLU norm Open In Colab -
Detect sentences with NLU sentence_detector.deep, sentence_detector.pragmatic, xx.sentence_detector Open In Colab Sentence Detector
Spellchecking with NLU n.a. n.a. -
Stemming with NLU en.stem, de.stem Open In Colab -
Stopwords removal with NLU stopwords Open In Colab Stopwords
Tokenization with NLU tokenize Open In Colab -
Normalization of Documents norm_document Open In Colab -
Open and Closed book question answering with Google's T5 en.t5 , answer_question Open In Colab T5-Paper, T5-Model
Overview of every task available with T5 en.t5.base Open In Colab T5-Paper, T5-Model
Translate between more than 200 Languages in 1 line of code with Marian Models, ,fr.translate_to.he , Open In Colab Marian-Papers, Translation-Pipeline (En to Fr), Translation-Pipeline (En to Ger)
BERT Sentence Embeddings with NLU embed_sentence.bert, pos sentiment embed_sentence.bert Open In Colab Bert-Paper, Bert Github, Bert-Sentence_Embedding
ELECTRA Sentence Embeddings with NLU embed_sentence.electra, pos sentiment embed_sentence.electra Open In Colab Electra Paper, Sentence-Electra-Embedding
USE Sentence Embeddings with NLU use, pos sentiment use emotion Open In Colab Universal Sentence Encoder, USE-TensorFlow, Sentence-USE-Embedding
Sentence similarity with NLU using BERT embeddings embed_sentence.bert, use en.embed_sentence.electra embed_sentence.bert Open In Colab Bert-Paper, Bert Github, Bert-Sentence_Embedding
Part of Speech tagging with NLU pos Open In Colab Part of Speech
NER Aspect Airline ATIS en.ner.aspect.airline Open In Colab NER Airline Model, Atis intent Dataset
NLU-NER_CONLL_2003_5class_example ner Open In Colab NER-Piple
Named-entity recognition with Deep Learning ONTO NOTES ner.onto Open In Colab NER_Onto
Aspect based NER-Sentiment-Restaurants en.ner.aspect_sentiment Open In Colab -
Detect Named Entities (NER), Part of Speech Tags (POS) and Tokenize in Chinese zh.segment_words, zh.pos, zh.ner, zh.translate_to.en Open In Colab Translation-Pipeline (Zh to En)
Detect Named Entities (NER), Part of Speech Tags (POS) and Tokenize in Japanese ja.segment_words, ja.pos, ja.ner, ja.translate_to.en Open In Colab Translation-Pipeline (Ja to En)
Detect Named Entities (NER), Part of Speech Tags (POS) and Tokenize in Korean ko.segment_words, ko.pos, ko.ner.kmou.glove_840B_300d, ko.translate_to.en Open In Colab -
Date Matching match.datetime Open In Colab -
Typed Dependency Parsing with NLU dep Open In Colab Dependency Parsing
Untyped Dependency Parsing with NLU dep.untyped Open In Colab -
E2E Classification with NLU e2e Open In Colab e2e-Model
Language Classification with NLU lang Open In Colab -
Cyberbullying Classification with NLU classify.cyberbullying Open In Colab Cyberbullying-Classifier
Sentiment Classification with NLU for Twitter emotion Open In Colab Emotion detection
Fake News Classification with NLU en.classify.fakenews Open In Colab Fakenews-Classifier
Intent Classification with NLU en.classify.intent.airline Open In Colab Airline-Intention classifier, Atis-Dataset
Question classification based on the TREC dataset en.classify.questions Open In Colab Question-Classifier
Sarcasm Classification with NLU en.classify.sarcasm Open In Colab Sarcasm-Classifier
Sentiment Classification with NLU for Twitter en.sentiment.twitter Open In Colab Sentiment_Twitter-Classifier
Sentiment Classification with NLU for Movies Open In Colab Sentiment_imdb-Classifier
Spam Classification with NLU en.classify.spam Open In Colab Spam-Classifier
Toxic text classification with NLU en.classify.toxic Open In Colab Toxic-Classifier
Unsupervised keyword extraction with NLU using the YAKE algorithm yake Open In Colab -
Grammatical Chunk Matching with NLU match.chunks Open In Colab -
Getting n-Grams with NLU ngram Open In Colab -
Assertion en.med_ner.clinical en.assert, en.med_ner.clinical.biobert en.assert.biobert, ... Open In Colab Healthcare-NER, NER_Clinical-Classifier, Toxic-Classifier
De-Identification Model overview med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.de_identify, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.de_identify.clinical, ... Open In Colab NER-Clinical
Drug Normalization norm_drugs Open In Colab -
Entity Resolution med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.resolve_chunk.cpt_clinical, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.resolve.icd10cm, ... Open In Colab NER-Clinical, Entity-Resolver clinical
Medical Named Entity Recognition en.med_ner.ade.clinical, en.med_ner.ade.clinical_bert, en.med_ner.anatomy,en.med_ner.anatomy.biobert, ... Open In Colab -
Relation Extraction en.med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical.greedy en.relation, en.med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical.greedy en.relation.bodypart.problem, ... Open In Colab -
Visualization of NLP-Models with Spark-NLP and NLU ner, dep.typed, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical resolve.icd10cm Open In Colab NER-Piple, Dependency Parsing, NER-Clinical, Entity-Resolver (Chunks) clinical
NLU Covid-19 Emotion Showcase emotion Open In GitHub Emotion detection
NLU Covid-19 Sentiment Showcase sentiment Open In GitHub Sentiment classification
NLU Airline Emotion Demo emotion Open In GitHub Emotion detection
NLU Airline Sentiment Demo sentiment Open In GitHub Sentiment classification
Bengali NER Hindi Embeddings for 30 Models bn.ner, bn.lemma, ja.lemma, am.lemma, bh.lemma, en.ner.onto.bert.small_l2_128,.. Open In Colab Bengali-NER, Bengali-Lemmatizer, Japanese-Lemmatizer, Amharic-Lemmatizer
Entity Resolution med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.resolve.umls, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.resolve.loinc, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical en.resolve.loinc.biobert Open In Colab -
NLU 20 Minutes Crashcourse - the fast Data Science route spell, sentiment, pos, ner, yake, en.t5, emotion, answer_question, en.t5.base ... Open In Colab T5-Model, Part of Speech, NER-Piple, Emotion detection , Spellchecker, Sentiment classification
Chapter 0: Intro: 1-liners sentiment, pos, ner, bert, elmo, embed_sentence.bert Open In Colab Part of Speech, NER-Piple, Sentiment classification, Elmo-Embedding, Bert-Sentence_Embedding
Chapter 1: NLU base-features with some classifiers on testdata emotion, yake, stem Open In Colab Emotion detection
Chapter 2: Translation between 300+ langauges with Marian tr.translate_to.en,, en.translate_to.he Open In Colab Translation-Pipeline (En to Fr), Translation (En to He)
Chapter 3: Answer questions and summarize Texts with T5 answer_question, en.t5, en.t5.base Open In Colab T5-Model
Chapter 4: Overview of T5-Tasks en.t5.base Open In Colab T5-Model
Graph NLU 20 Minutes Crashcourse - State of the Art Text Mining for Graphs spell, sentiment, pos, ner, yake, emotion, med_ner.jsl.wip.clinical, ... Open In Colab Part of Speech, NER-Piple, Emotion detection, Spellchecker, Sentiment classification
Healthcare with NLU med_ner.human_phenotype.gene_biobert, med_ner.ade_biobert, med_ner.anatomy, med_ner.bacterial_species,... Open In Colab -
Part 0: Intro: 1-liners spell, sentiment, pos, ner, bert, elmo, embed_sentence.bert Open In Colab Bert-Paper, Bert Github, T-SNE, T-SNE-Bert , Part of Speech, NER-Piple, Spellchecker, Sentiment classification, Elmo-Embedding , Bert-Sentence_Embedding
Part 1: NLU base-features with some classifiers on Testdata yake, stem, ner, emotion Open In Colab NER-Piple, Emotion detection
Part 2: Translate between 200+ Languages in 1 line of code with Marian-Models,, en.translate_to.he Open In Colab Translation-Pipeline (En to Fr), Translation-Pipeline (En to Ger), Translation (En to He)
Part 3: More Multilingual NLP-translations for Asian Languages with Marian en.translate_to.hi,, en.translate_to.zh Open In Colab Translation (En to Hi), Translation (En to Ru), Translation (En to Zh)
Part 4: Unsupervise Chinese Keyword Extraction, NER and Translation from chinese news zh.translate_to.en, zh.segment_words, yake, zh.lemma, zh.ner Open In Colab Translation-Pipeline (Zh to En), Zh-Lemmatizer
Part 5: Multilingual sentiment classifier training for 100+ languages train.sentiment, xx.embed_sentence.labse train.sentiment n.a. Sentence_Embedding.Labse
Part 6: Question-answering and Text-summarization with T5-Modell answer_question, en.t5, en.t5.base Open In Colab T5-Paper
Part 7: Overview of all tasks available with T5 en.t5.base Open In Colab T5-Paper
Part 8: Overview of some of the Multilingual modes with State Of the Art accuracy (1-liner) bn.lemma, ja.lemma, am.lemma, bh.lemma, zh.segment_words, ... Open In Colab Bengali-Lemmatizer, Japanese-Lemmatizer , Amharic-Lemmatizer
Overview of some Multilingual modes avaiable with State Of the Art accuracy (1-liner) bn.ner.cc_300d, ja.ner, zh.ner, th.ner.lst20.glove_840B_300D, ar.ner Open In Colab Bengali-NER
NLU 20 Minutes Crashcourse - the fast Data Science route - Open In Colab -

Need help?

Simple NLU Demos

Features in NLU Overview

  • Tokenization
  • Trainable Word Segmentation
  • Stop Words Removal
  • Token Normalizer
  • Document Normalizer
  • Stemmer
  • Lemmatizer
  • NGrams
  • Regex Matching
  • Text Matching,
  • Chunking
  • Date Matcher
  • Sentence Detector
  • Deep Sentence Detector (Deep learning)
  • Dependency parsing (Labeled/unlabeled)
  • Part-of-speech tagging
  • Sentiment Detection (ML models)
  • Spell Checker (ML and DL models)
  • Word Embeddings (GloVe and Word2Vec)
  • BERT Embeddings (TF Hub models)
  • ELMO Embeddings (TF Hub models)
  • ALBERT Embeddings (TF Hub models)
  • XLNet Embeddings
  • Universal Sentence Encoder (TF Hub models)
  • BERT Sentence Embeddings (42 TF Hub models)
  • Sentence Embeddings
  • Chunk Embeddings
  • Unsupervised keywords extraction
  • Language Detection & Identification (up to 375 languages)
  • Multi-class Sentiment analysis (Deep learning)
  • Multi-label Sentiment analysis (Deep learning)
  • Multi-class Text Classification (Deep learning)
  • Neural Machine Translation
  • Text-To-Text Transfer Transformer (Google T5)
  • Named entity recognition (Deep learning)
  • Easy TensorFlow integration
  • GPU Support
  • Full integration with Spark ML functions
  • 1000 pre-trained models in +200 languages!
  • Multi-lingual NER models: Arabic, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hewbrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Urdu and more
  • Natural Language inference
  • Coreference resolution
  • Sentence Completion
  • Word sense disambiguation
  • Clinical entity recognition
  • Clinical Entity Linking
  • Entity normalization
  • Assertion Status Detection
  • De-identification
  • Relation Extraction
  • Clinical Entity Resolution


We have published a paper that you can cite for the NLU library:

    title = {Spark NLP: Natural language understanding at scale},
    journal = {Software Impacts},
    pages = {100058},
    year = {2021},
    issn = {2665-9638},
    doi = {},
    url = {},
    author = {Veysel Kocaman and David Talby},
    keywords = {Spark, Natural language processing, Deep learning, Tensorflow, Cluster},
    abstract = {Spark NLP is a Natural Language Processing (NLP) library built on top of Apache Spark ML. It provides simple, performant & accurate NLP annotations for machine learning pipelines that can scale easily in a distributed environment. Spark NLP comes with 1100+ pretrained pipelines and models in more than 192+ languages. It supports nearly all the NLP tasks and modules that can be used seamlessly in a cluster. Downloaded more than 2.7 million times and experiencing 9x growth since January 2020, Spark NLP is used by 54% of healthcare organizations as the world’s most widely used NLP library in the enterprise.}

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