np = numpy++: numpy with added convenience functionality

## np – create numpy arrays as np[1,3,5], and more

np = numpy + handy tools

It’s easy: start by importing np (the alias for numpy):

```import np
```

Create a 1-D array:

```np[1, 3, 5]
```

Create a 2-D matrix:

```np.m[1, 2, 3:
:4, 5, 6:
:7, 8, 9]
```

For the numerical Python package numpy itself, see http://www.numpy.org/.

The idea of np is to provide a way of creating numpy arrays with a compact syntax and without an explicit function call. Making the module name np subscriptable, while still keeping it essentially an alias for numpy, does this in a clean way.

Any feedback is very welcome: koos.zevenhoven@aalto.fi.

## Getting Started

### Requirements

• Works best with Python 3.5+ (Tested also with 3.4 and 2.7)
• numpy (you should install this using your python package manager like conda or pip)

### Installation

np can be installed with pip or pip3:

```\$ pip install np
```

or directly from the source code:

```\$ git clone https://github.com/k7hoven/np.git
\$ cd np
\$ python setup.py install
```

## Basic Usage

Even before the np tool, a popular style of using numpy has been to import it as np:

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> my_array = np.array([3, 4, 5])
>>> my_2d_array = np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])
```

The most important feature of np is to make the creation of arrays less verbose, while everything else works as before. The above code becomes:

```>>> import np
>>> my_array = np[3, 4, 5]
>>> my_2d_array = np[[1, 2], [3, 4]]
>>> my_matrix = np.m[1, 2: 3, 4]
>>> my_matrix2 = np.m[1, 2, 3:
...                  :4, 5, 6:
...                  :7, 8, 9]
>>> my_row_vector = np.m[1, 2, 3]
```

As you can see from the above example, you can create numpy arrays by subscripting the np module. Since most people would have numpy imported as np anyway, this requires no additional names to clutter the namespace. Also, the syntax np[1,2,3] resembles the syntax for bytes literals, b"asd".

The above also shows how you can use np.m and colons to easily create matrices (NxM) or row vectors (1xM).

The np package also provides a convenient way of ensuring something is a numpy array, that is, a shortcut to numpy.asarray():

```>>> import np
>>> mylist = [1, 3, 5]
>>> mylist + [7, 9, 11]
[1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11]
>>> np(mylist) + [7, 9, 11]
array([8, 12, 16])
```

As an experimental feature, there are also shortcuts for giving the arrays a specific data type (numpy dtype):

```>>> np[1, 2, 3]
array([1, 2, 3])
>>> np.f[1, 2, 3]
array([ 1.,  2.,  3.])
>>> np.f2[1, 2, 3]
array([ 1.,  2.,  3.], dtype=float16)
>>> np.u4[1, 2, 3]
array([1, 2, 3], dtype=uint32)
>>> np.c[1, 2, 3]
array([ 1.+0.j,  2.+0.j,  3.+0.j])
```

## Changelog

### 1.0.0 (2017-09-20)

• Creating matrices is now even simpler:

```np.m[1, 2: 3, 4] == np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])

np.m[1, 2:
:3, 4] == np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])

np.m[1, 2] == np.array([[1, 2]])

np.m[1, 2].T == np.array([,
])
```
• np(...) corresponds to np.asarray(...)

• Many improvements to error handling

• Some more cleanups to type shortcuts

### 0.2.0 (2016-03-29)

• Quick types are now np.i, np.f, np.u, np.c, or with the number of bytes per value appended: np.i4 -> int32, np.u2 -> uint16, np.c16 -> complex128, … (still somewhat experimental)
• Removed the old np.i8 and np.ui8 which represented 8-bit types, which was inconsistent with short numpy dtype names which correspond to numbers of bytes. The rest of the bit-based shortcuts are deprecated and will be removed later.
• Handle Python versions >=3.5 better; now even previously imported plain numpy module objects become the exact same object as np.
• Tests for all np functionality
• Ridiculously slow tests that runs the numpy test suite several times to make sure that np does not affect numpy functionality.
• Remove numpy from requirements and give a meaningful error instead if numpy is missing (i.e. install it using your package manager like conda or pip)
• Better reprs for subscriptable array creator objects and the np/numpy module.

• Bug fix

### 0.1.2 (2015-06-17)

• Improved experimental dtype shortcuts: np.f[1,2], np.i32[1,2], etc.

### 0.1.0 (2015-06-17)

• First distributable version
• Easy arrays such as np[[1,2],[3,4]]
• Shortcut for np.asanyarray(obj): np(obj)
• Experimental dtype shortcuts: np.f64[[1,2],[3,4]]

## Project details

This version 1.0.2 1.0.1 0.2.0 0.1.4 0.1.2

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