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Support for various integer-to-numeral conversion.

Project description

This Python library implements integer-to-numeral and numeral-to-integer conversion for a variety of numeral representations, including:

  • alphabetic representation, i.e. a, b, c, d, … for 0, 1, 2, 3, …
  • Roman numbers, i.e. I, II, III, IV, … for 1, 2, 3, 4, …
  • generic tokens set representation, i.e. !, @, !!, !@, … for 0, 1, 2, 3… (given the tokens set {!, @}).

The generic tokens set representation uses the least number of tokens for representing a given integer, and uses an exponential-like notation similar to base-n conversion, except that the first symbol is used. The alphabetic representation is a special case of a generic tokens set representation, where the latin alphabet is used as tokens set. Upper/lower case conversion should be handled through Python built-ins. All representation support negative values.

Detailed documentation is available for all functions through docstrings.

Of note, the Roman numbers support include:

Installation

The recommended way of installing the software is through PyPI:

$ pip install numeral

Alternatively, you can clone the source repository from GitHub:

$ mkdir numeral
$ cd numeral
$ git clone git@github.com:norok2/numeral.git
$ python setup.py install

(some steps may require additional permissions depending on your configuration)

The software does not have additional dependencies beyond Python and its standard library.

It was tested with Python 2.7 and 3.5. Other version were not tested.

Usage

The following functions are defined:

int2letter

Convert a number to the least amount letters (within an alphabet).

>>> int2letter(10)
'k'
>>> import string  # Common string operations
>>> int2letter(10, string.ascii_letters)  # using both lower and upper cases
'aW'

letter2int

Convert a group of letters (within a given alphabet) to a number.

>>> letter2int('aa')
26

int2tokens

Convert a number to the least amount tokens (within a tokens set).

>>> int2tokens(12, ('!', '@', '#', '$'))
'#!'

tokens2int

Convert a group of tokens (within a given set) to a number.

>>> tokens2int('#!', ('!', '@', '#', '$'))
12

int2roman

Convert an integer to its corresponding Roman number representation.

>>> int2roman(1666)  # using dedicated unicode chars
'ⅯⅮⅭⅬⅩⅥ'
>>> int2roman(1666, only_ascii=True)  # using only ASCII
'MDCLXVI'

roman2int

Convert a string representation of a Roman number to integer.

>>> int2roman('MDCLXVI')
1666

Project details


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