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OMERO.tables to pandas bridge

Project description


A convenience package to download data from OMERO.tables into Pandas dataframes.


omero2pandas can be installed with pip on Python 3.6+:

pip install omero2pandas

omero2pandas also supports authentication using tokens generated by omero-user-token. Compatible versions can be installed as follows:

pip install omero2pandas[token]

See the omero-user-token documentation for more information.


import omero2pandas
df = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=402)

Tables can be referenced based on their OriginalFile's ID or their Annotation's ID. These can be easily obtained by hovering over the relevant table in OMERO.web, which shows a tooltip with these IDs.

To avoid loading data directly into a dataframe, you can also download directly into a CSV:

import omero2pandas
omero2pandas.download_table("/path/to/output.csv", file_id=2, chunk_size=1000)

chunk_size can be specified when both reading and downloading tables. It determines how many rows are loaded from the server in a single operation.

Supplying credentials

Multiple modes of connecting to OMERO are supported. If you're already familiar with omero-py, you can supply a premade client:

import omero
import omero2pandas
my_client = omero.client(host="myserver", port=4064)
df = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=402, omero_connector=my_client)

Alternatively, your connection and login details can be provided via arguments:

import omero2pandas
df = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=402, server="", port=4064,
                             username="myuser", password="mypass")

If you have omero_user_token installed, an existing token will be automatically detected and used to connect:

import omero2pandas
df = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=402)

You can also generate the connection object separately using the built-in wrapper:

import omero2pandas
connector = omero2pandas.connect_to_omero(server="myserver", port=4064)
# User will be prompted for any missing connection info. 

df = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=402, omero_connector=connector)

When prompting for missing connection information, the package automatically detects whether omero2pandas is running in a Jupyter environment. If so, you'll get a login widget to complete details. Otherwise a CLI interface will be provided.

This behaviour can be disabled by supplying interactive=False to the connect call.

Reading data

Several utility methods are provided for working with OMERO.tables. These all support the full range of connection modes.

Fetch the names of the columns in a table:

import omero2pandas
columns = omero2pandas.get_table_columns(annotation_id=142)
# Returns a list of column names

Fetch the dimensions of a table:

import omero2pandas
num_rows, num_cols = omero2pandas.get_table_size(annotation_id=12)
# Returns a tuple containing row and column count.

You can read out specific rows and/or columns

import omero2pandas
my_dataframe = omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=10, 
                                       column_names=['object', 'intensity'],
                                       rows=range(0, 100, 10))
# Returns object and intensity columns for every 10th row in the table

Returned dataframes also come with a pandas index column, representing the original row numbers from the OMERO.table.

Writing data

Pandas dataframes can also be written back as new OMERO.tables. N.b. It is currently not possible to modify a table on the server.

Connection handling works just as it does with downloading, you can provide credentials, a token or a connection object.

To upload data, the user needs to specify which OMERO object the table will be associated with. To do this, the third and fourth arguments should be the object ID and object type. Supported objects are Dataset, Well, Plate, Project, Screen and Image.

import pandas
import omero2pandas
my_data = pandas.read_csv("/path/to/my_data.csv")
ann_id = omero2pandas.upload_table(my_data, "Name for table", 142, "Image")
# Returns the annotation ID of the uploaded file object

Once uploaded, the table will be accessible on OMERO.web under the file annotations panel of the parent object. Using unique table names is advised.

Advanced Usage

This package also contains utility functions for managing an OMERO connection.

omero2pandas.connect_to_omero() takes many of the arguments from the other functions and returns an OMEROConnection object.

The OMEROConnection handles your OMERO login and session, cleaning everything up automatically on exit. This has some accessory methods to access useful API calls:

import omero2pandas
connector = omero2pandas.OMEROConnection()
client = connector.get_client()
blitz = connector.get_gateway()

When a client is active within the OMEROConnection object, calls to this wrapper class will also be forwarded directly to the client object.

OMEROConnection objects can also be used as a context manager:

import omero2pandas
with omero2pandas.OMEROConnection(server='my.server', port=4064, 
                                  username='test.user',) as connector:
    blitz = connector.get_gateway()
    image = blitz.getObject('Image', id=100)
    # Continue using the standard OMERO API.

The context manager will handle session creation and cleanup automatically.

Querying tables

You can also supply PyTables condition syntax to the read_table and download_table functions. Returned tables will only include rows which pass this filter.

Basic syntax

Select rows representing objects with area greater than 20:

omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=10, query='(area>20)')

Multiple conditions

Select rows representing objects with an even ID number lower than 50:

omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=10, query='(id%2==0) & (id<50)')

Complex conditions

Select rows representing objects which originated from an ROI named 'Nucleus':

omero2pandas.read_table(file_id=10, query='x!="Nucleus"', variables={'x': omero.rtypes.rstring('Roi Name')})

N.b. Column names containing spaces aren't supported by the native syntax, but can be supplied as variables which are provided by the variables parameter.

The variables map needs to be a dictionary mapping string variables to OMERO rtypes objects rather than raw Python objects. These should match the relevant column type. Mapped variables are substituted into the query during processing.

A variables map usually isn't needed for simple queries. The basic condition string should automatically get converted to a meaningful type, but when this fails replacing tricky elements with a variable may help.

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