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Not all nor any. Just the one.

Project description

https://pypip.in/d/one/badge.png https://travis-ci.org/mgaitan/one.svg

Not all nor any: just the one.

one is a simple function to check if there is a unique value that evaluates to True in an iterable, and return it. Optionally, it receives a callable as the test function.

Examples:

>>> from one import one
>>> one((True, False, False))
True
>>> one((True, False, True))
False
>>> one((0, 0, 'a'))
'a'
>>> one((0, False, None))
False
>>> one((True, True))
False
>>> one(('', 1))
1
>>> one((10, 20, 30, 42), lambda i: i > 40)
42

Install

pip install one

Usage

from one import one

Patterns and use cases

one could replace the following patterns:

true_values = [i for i in iterable if cmp(i)]
if len(true_values) == 1:
    return true_values[0]
return False

# using one
return one(iterable, cmp)

Another pattern, is in a complex condition

if ((a and not b and not c) or
     (b and not a and not c) or
      (c and not a and not b)):
    do_something()

# using one
if one((a, b, c)):
    do_something()

A very frequent case is when you have values that must exclude each others.

class ShopStore(models.Model):
    address = models.CharField(max_length=200, null=True, blank=True)
    is_online = models.BooleanField(default=False)

    def clean(self):
        if not one((self.address, self.is_online)):
            raise models.ValidationError(u'A shop must be online or physical, but not both')

Send me your examples!

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