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A Python wrapper for OpenCV.

Project description

Simple wrapper for opencv-python

Code style: black Checked with mypy Python version Pypi version Pypi version Documentation Status

OpenCV Wrapper is a simpler wrapper for the opencv-python package. As the mentioned package only gives access to OpenCV functions, in a C++ style, it can be tedious to write. There is also no support for the OpenCV classes like Rect, Point etc. OpenCV Wrapper attempts to fix that.

The package is at an early state, and contributions are welcome! The contents of the package have been a demand-and-supply model, where functionality is added as new tedious things in opencv-python are found. Do not hesitate to file an issue, requesting new functionality or enhancement proposals!

Installation

Installation is by the python package manager, pip.

pip install opencv-wrapper

This also installs the dependencies opencv-python and numpy, if not already present.

Examples

Reading videos

This code speaks for itself.

Vanilla OpenCV:

import cv2 as cv
video = cv.VideoCapture("path/to/file")
if not video.isOpened():
    raise ValueError("Could not open video")

while True:
    ok, frame = video.read()
    if not ok:
        break
    cv.imshow("Frame", frame)
    if cv.waitKey(0) & 0xFF == ord('q'):
        break 
video.release()

opencv_wrapper:

import cv2 as cv
import opencv_wrapper as cvw
with cvw.load_video("path/to/file") as video:
   for frame in cvw.read_frames(video, start, stop, step):
       cv.imshow("Frame", frame)
       if cvw.wait_key(0) == ord('q'):
            break 

Rotate A Color Wheel

Say we have the following color wheel image, which we want to rotate.

alt text

We of course want to rotate it at it's center, which is not in the center of the image. A possible solution using OpenCV would be

import cv2 as cv
import random

img = cv.imread("resources/color_wheel_invert.png")
gray = cv.cvtColor(img, cv.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
_, otsu = cv.threshold(gray, 250, 255, cv.THRESH_BINARY_INV)
_, contours, _ = cv.findContours(otsu, cv.RETR_EXTERNAL, cv.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)
contour = contours[0]
rect = cv.boundingRect(contour)  # Gives a tuple (x, y, w, h)
x, y, w, h = rect

color = [random.randint(0, 255) for _ in range(3)]

degrees = 60
center = (x + w / 2), (y + h / 2)
rotation_matrix = cv.getRotationMatrix2D(center, degrees, 1)
rotated_image = cv.warpAffine(img, rotation_matrix, gray.shape[::-1])

cv.rectangle(rotated_image, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), color)

cv.imshow("Image", rotated_image)
cv.waitKey(0)

We first convert the image to gray scale. The color wheel in gray scale does not contain any values of pure white. We can therefore threshold the image at a high threshold, to segment the color wheel.

We then find contours in the image (which in this case only will be one contour), and find the bounding rectangle enclosing the contour. From this rectangle we can find the center point by the means of the top left corner, the height and width. We use this to create a rotation matrix, and call the affine warp function. Lastly, we draw a rectangle around the found contour. This is just for viewing pruposes.

We get the following result.

alt text

Although a perfectly fine solution, we cannot help but rotate the whole image. Here is a solution using opencv_wrapper.

opencv_wrapper:

import cv2 as cv
import opencv_wrapper as cvw

img = cv.imread("resources/color_wheel_invert.png")
gray = cvw.bgr2gray(img)
otsu = cvw.threshold_binary(gray, 250, inverse=True)
contours = cvw.find_external_contours(otsu)
contour = contours[0]
rect = contour.bounding_rect  # Gives a Rect object
degrees = 60

center = rect.center  # Gives a Point object
top_left = rect.tl  # Gives a Point object
new_center = center - top_left 
img[rect.slice] = cvw.rotate_image(
    img[rect.slice], new_center, degrees, unit=cvw.AngleUnit.DEGREES
)
cvw.rectangle(img, rect, cvw.Color.RANDOM)

cv.imshow("Image", img)
cvw.wait_key(0)

We again follow the same approach. However, with the Contour class, we can simply call the bounding rect property. This yields a Rect object, which has a center property. Convenient.

Where we before were left with no (obvious) choice but to rotate the whole image, we can now simply slice the image at the rectangle, only rotating the figure itself. For this exact purpose, it doesn't make much difference, but it is a demonstration. We find the new center from which to rotate, and simply call the rotate image function. We can here choose whether to use degrees or radians. Lastly we draw a rectangle with a random color.

We get the following result.

alt text

Not only is this a tad less tedious to write, but we are also easily able to rotate only the relevant part of the circle by slicing¹. The contour, rectangle and point objects are also an ease to work with.

Other Area of Ease

While not providing examples, there are many other parts of the OpenCV that become an ease to work with, when using opencv_wrapper. Areas include

  • Morphology
  • Image normalization
  • Color conversion
  • Thresholding
  • Image smoothing

¹Disclosure: The slicing is not that hard to accomplish, from x, y, w, h. We can create it like this

our_slice = (slice(y, y+h), slice(x, x+w))

Project details


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