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Trytond Mail module by Openlabs

Project Description
Trytond Mail

.. image::

.. image::

One does not simply send emails!

Sending emails from tryton modules is a frequent requirement. This module
makes it easier by providing a convenient and consistent API to generate email
messages. In addition, the module gives you a few goodies (template
inheritance, filters) that come in handy when sending emails.


The module can be installed from pypi

.. code-block:: sh

pip install openlabs_mail

.. tip::

Remember to install a version compatible with your version of trytond.

Alternatively the module could be added as a dependency to your module

.. code-block:: python

# your_module/tryton.cfg

See `sale-confirmation-email module <>`_
for practical example.

If you use to install modules, remember to set the prefix as
openlabs for the modules. The ` file <>`_
from `sale confirmation email module <>`_
is a good example.


Here is a code example, if you wished to send emails when sale orders are

.. code-block:: python

def confirm(cls, sales):
Mail = Pool().get('mail.mail')

# Call super function to confirm
super(Sale, cls).confirm(sales)

# Send an email for each order
for sale in sales:
email_message = Mail.render_email(
subject='Your Order is confirmed',
sale=self, # passed to template context
# send email_message using your preferred gateway

Detailed Introduction

The module provides a convenient method named ``render_email`` which returns
a python ``mail.Message`` object which can then be sent using smtpservers.

.. tip::

Sending emails during a transaction could be slow and result in bad
user experience. Use the
`email-queue <>`_ module instead.

Rendering of templates

The email requires at-least one of either ``html`` or ``text`` templates to be
specified. Specifying both is recommended as some email clients prefer to
display text content when available.

Specifying both text and html parts

.. code-block:: python

email_message = Mail.render_email(
subject='A great honking email',

The template name is expected to be in the format:

.. tip::

Remember to add the folder containing email templates to your data in
`` to ensure they are copied to site-packages and distributed
with your module.

Extending templates (DRY)

Every business is unique and so should be their emails. You may want to
add content to your template, change the design or completely overwrite
the email. If your goal is to add (extend) the email, the API allows you
to do it without repeating yourself.

In your downstream module, extend the template

.. code-block:: html+jinja

{% extends 'sale-confirmation-email/email//sale-confirmation-html.html' %}

{% block footer %}
{{ super() }}
Visit us on <a href="">facebook</a>
{% endblock footer %}

In the above example, the standard template bundled with the
`sale confirmation email module <>`_
is extended to add a link to the facebook page.

This pattern is common if you are familiar with the
`jinja2 <>`_ templating engine. You can learn more
about extending them from `jinja2 docs <>`_

Template Filters

Variable within templates can be modified using filters

``{{ name|striptags|title }}`` for example will remove all HTML Tags from the
name and title-cases it. Filters that accept arguments have parentheses around
the arguments, like a function call. This example will join a list by commas:
``{{ list|join(', ') }}``.

The `List of Builtin Filters <>`_
on Jinja2 documentation describes all the builtin filters. In addition,
this module offers the following filters:

dateformat(date, format='medium')

Format the date with the current language from the context. For other
possible formats, refer the
`babel documentation <>`_.


.. code-block:: html+jinja

<td>{{|dateformat }}</td>

datetimeformat(datetime, format)

Format the datetime with the current language from the context. For other
possible formats, refer the
`babel documentation <>`_.


.. code-block:: html+jinja

Created on {{ sale.create_date|datetimeformat('long') }}</td>

currencyformat(amount, currency, format=None)

Return formatted currency value. For more formatting information refer
`babel documentation <>`_


.. code-block:: html+jinja

<td>Total Value</td>
<td>{{ sale.total_amount|currencyformat(sale.currency.code) }}</td>

to, cc and bcc

Sending an email to a certain set of recepients is different from setting
the recepient headers on the email. To indicate the recepients, send a
list of recepients to the ``to`` argument.

While ``cc`` is a commonly set header to indicate the recepients who have been
copied the email, setting ``bcc`` would defeat the purpose as the recepients
would be disclosed to everyone. Hence ``cc`` is the only other argument
accepted by the ``render_email`` method. To send a ``bcc``, you could send the
same message to the recepient when using the smtpserver to send email.


.. code-block:: python

email_message = Mail.render_email(
to=['', ''],

# Usual stuff
subject='A great honking email',

Sending attachments

The method also accepts an argument ``attachments`` which takes a dictionary
where keys represent the filenames and the values are buffer streams of
the content to be attached. If attachment(s) are present, the mail type is
automatically changed to ``multipart/mixed``. The attachments should appear
as downloadable attachments on email clients

Example of sending

.. code-block:: python

# Read a file from filesystem
order_copy = buffer(open('order_copy.pdf').read())

# From a binary field in tryton
product_photo = product.image

email_message = Mail.render_email(
'order-copy.pdf': order_copy,
'product-photo.png': product_photo,

# Other usual stuff
subject='A great honking email',

Authors and Contributors

This module was built at `Openlabs <>`_.

Professional Support

This module is professionally supported by `Openlabs <>`_.
If you are looking for on-site teaching or consulting support, contact our
`sales <>`_ and `support
<>`_ teams.
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