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Project Description

python-orcid

Authors

Mateusz Susik <mateuszsusik@gmail.com>

Installation

pip install orcid

Notes

Currently the library works fully only for the sandbox. It uses API version 2.0_rc2 wherever it’s applicable. Use at your own risk for production systems.

The library will be stable when the 2.0_rc2 API is released.

If there are changes in ORCID API, the library might not work till the changes are implemented by me in this library. Pull requests and submitting issues are very welcome. Please read CONTRIBUTING.rst in case of suggestions.

Error handling

The methods of this library might throw client or server errors. An error is an exception coming from the proven requests library. The usual way to work with them should be:

from requests import RequestException
import orcid
api = orcid.MemberAPI(key, secret, sandbox=True)
try:
    api.add_record(author-orcid, token, 'work',
                   {'title': 'Title', 'type': 'artistic-performance'})
except RequestException as e:
    # Here the error should be handled. As the exception message might be
    # too generic, additional info can be obtained by:
    print(e.response.text)
    # The response is a requests Response instance.

Introduction

ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers. ORCID is unique in its ability to reach across disciplines, research sectors, and national boundaries and its cooperation with other identifier systems.

ORCID offers an API (Application Programming Interface) that allows your systems and applications to connect to the ORCID registry, including reading from and writing to ORCID records.

There are two types of API available for developers.

SearchAPI

The search API allows the developers to use the search engine provided bo ORCiD. This is the only API that does not require any credentials. Please note that currently it uses API 1.2 and will be migrated to 2.0 in the future. The functionality of this API is available in public and member APIs.

Searching

import orcid
api = orcid.SearchAPI(sandbox=True)
search_results = api.search_public('text:English')

While creating a search query, it is possible to use a generator in order to reduce time needed to fetch a record.

search_results = api.search_public_generator('text:English',
                                             pagination=20)
first_result = next(search_results)

PublicAPI

The public API allows the developers to use the search engine and read author records. In order to use it, you need to pass institution’s key and secret.

The functionality of this API is also available in the member API.

Token

In order to read or update records, the token is needed. The tokens come from OAuth 3-legged authorization. You can perform the authorization using this library (examples below).

However, if the user is already connected to ORCiD and authenticated (so you have an authorization code), this process can be simplified:

import orcid
api = orcid.PublicAPI(institution_key, institution_secret, sandbox=True)
token = api.get_token_from_authorization_code(authorization_code,
                                              redirect_uri)

Reading records

import orcid
api = orcid.PublicAPI(institution_key, institution_secret, sandbox=True)
search_results = api.search_public('text:English')
# Get the summary
token = api.get_token(user_id, user_password, redirect_uri)
summary = api.read_record_public('0000-0001-1111-1111', 'activities',
                                 token)

Every record in the summary dictionary should contain put-codes. Using them, it is possible to query the specific record for details. Type of the record and the put-code need to be provided.

# Get the specific record
# Available record types are:
# 'education', 'employment', 'funding', 'peer-review', 'work'
work = api.read_record_public('0000-0001-1111-1111', 'work', token,
                              '1111')

Additional utilities

Python-orcid offers a function for creating a login/register URL.

url = api.get_login_url('/authenticate', redirect_uri, email=email)

MemberAPI

The member API allows the developers to add/change/remove records. To modify the records one needs a token which can be obtained following the OAuth 3-legged authorization process.

The member API lets the developer obtain more information when using the search API or fetching the records.

To create an instance of the member API handler, the institution key and the institution secret have to be provided.

import orcid
api = orcid.MemberAPI(institution_key, institution_secret,
                      sandbox=True)
search_results = api.search_member('text:English')
# Get the summary
token = api.get_token(user_id, user_password, redirect_uri,
                      '/read-limited')
summary = api.read_record_member('0000-0001-1111-1111', 'activities',
                                 token)

All the methods from the public API are available in the member API.

Getting ORCID

If the ORCID of an author is not known, one can obtain it by authorizing the user:

orcid = api.get_user_orcid(user_id, password, redirect_uri)

Adding/updating/removing records

Using the member API, one can add/update/remove records from the ORCID profile.

put_code = api.add_record(author-orcid, token, 'work',
                          {'title': {'title': 'Title'},
                           'type': 'ARTISTIC_PERFORMANCE'})

# Change the type to 'other'
api.update_record(author-orcid, token, 'work', put-code,
                  {'type': 'OTHER'})
api.remove_record(author-orcid, token, 'work', put-code)

The token is the string received from OAuth 3-legged authorization.

work is one of the types of records. Every time a record is modified, the type has to be specified. The available types are:

  • activities
  • education
  • employment
  • funding
  • peer-review
  • work

The last argument is the record itself. Here are some examplary dictionaries that can be passed as an argument:

work

In case of doubts, see work XML.

A minimal example, only the mandatory fields are filled.

{
    'title': {'title': 'API Test Title'},
    'type': 'JOURNAL_ARTICLE',
    'external-ids': [{
        'external-id': [{
            'external-id-type': 'source-work-id',
            'external-id-value': '1234'
        }]
    }]
}

An example where all the fields are filled.

{
    'title': {'title': 'API Test Title',
              'subtitle': 'My Subtitle',
              'translated-title':
                    {'language-code': 'pl',
                     'value': u'API Tytuł testowy'}
             },
    'journal-title': 'Journal Title',
    'short-description': 'My abstract',
    'citation': {
        'citation': '''@article {ORCIDtest2014,
                       author = "Lastname, Firstname",
                       title = "API Test Title",
                       journal = "Journal Title",
                       volume = "25",
                       number = "4",
                       year = "2010",
                       pages = "259-264",
                       doi = "doi:10.1087/20120404"
                     }''',
        # Available types:
        # 'FORMATTED-UNSPECIFIED'
        # 'BIBTEX'
        # 'FORMATTED_APA'
        # 'FORMATTED_HARVARD'
        # 'FORMATTED_IEEE'
        # 'FORMATTED_MLA'
        # 'FORMATTED_VANCOUVER'
        # 'FORMATTED_CHICAGO'
        'citation-type': 'BIBTEX'
    },
    # See http://members.orcid.org/api/supported-work-types
    'type': 'JOURNAL_ARTICLE',
    'publication-date': {'year': '2010',
                         'month': '11',
                         'day': '10'
    },
    # See http://members.orcid.org/api/supported-work-identifiers
    'external-ids': { 'external-id':[{
        'external-id-type': 'source-work-id',
        'external-id-value': '1234',
        'external-id-url': 'www.example.com/12344'
    }]},
    'url': 'https://github.com/MSusik/python-orcid',
    'contributors': {'contributor': [{
        'credit-name': 'LastName, FirstName',
        'contributor-orcid': '0000-0001-5109-3700',
        'contributor-email': 'somebody@mailinator.com',
        'contributor-attributes': {
            # Supported roles:
            # 'AUTHOR'
            # 'ASSIGNEE'
            # 'EDITOR'
            # 'CHAIR_OR_TRANSLATOR'
            # 'CO_INVESTIGATOR'
            # 'CO_INVENTOR'
            # 'GRADUATE_STUDENT'
            # 'OTHER_INVENTOR'
            # 'PRINCIPAL_INVESTIGATOR'
            # 'POSTDOCTORAL_RESEARCHER'
            # 'SUPPORT_STAFF'
            'contributor-role': 'SUPPORT_STAFF',
            # One of 'ADDITIONAL', 'FIRST'
            'contributor-sequence': 'ADDITIONAL'
        }
    }]},
    # ISO-629-1: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ISO_639-1_codes
    'language-code': 'en',
    'country': {'value': 'US', 'visibility': 'PUBLIC'}
}

education or employment

In case of doubts, see affiliation XML.

A minimal example using only the required fields.

{
    'organization': {
        'name': 'My college',
        'address': {
            'city': 'Some city',
            'country': 'US'
        }
    }
}

An example with all the fields used.

{
    'department-name': 'Department',
    'role-title': 'Researcher (Academic)',
    'start-date': {'year': 2012,
                   'month': 4,
                   'day': 10
    },
    'end-date': {'year': 2013,
                 'month': 4,
                 'day': 10
    },
    'organization': {
        'address': {
            'city': 'Some City',
            'region': 'NY',
            'country': 'US'
        },
        'disambiguated-organization': {
            'disambiguated-organization-identifier': 'XXXXXX',
            # Only RINGGOLD is available so far.
            'disambiguation-source': 'RINGGOLD'
        },
        'name': 'My college'
    }
}

funding

In case of doubts, see funding XML.

A minimal example using only the required fields.

{
    # One of 'AWARD', 'CONTRACT', 'GRANT', 'SALARY_AWARD'
    'type': 'AWARD',
    'title': {
        'title': 'Title of the Funding',
    },
    'organization': {
        'address': {
            'city': 'London',
            'country': 'GB'
        },
        'name': 'Funding Agency Name'
    },
    'external-ids': {'external-id': [{
       'external-id-type': 'grant_number',
       'external-id-value': '1234',
       'external-id-url': 'www.funding.com/1234'
    }]},
}

An example with all the fields used.

{
    'type': 'AWARD',
    'title': {
        'title': 'Title of the Funding',
        'translated-title': {
            'value': u'Tytuł Finansowania',
            'language-code': 'pl'
        }
    },
    'short-description': 'Description of the funding',
    'amount': {'currency-code': 'USD',
               'value': 1000},
    'url': 'www.orcid.org',
    'start-date': {'year': 2013,
                   'month': 1,
                   'day': 10
                   },
    'end-date': {'year': 2014,
                 'month': 1,
                 'day': 10
                 },
    'external-ids': {'external-id': [{
       'external-id-type': 'grant_number',
       'external-id-value': '1234',
       'external-id-url': 'www.funding.com/1234'
     }]},
    'contributors': {'contributor': [{
        'contributor-orcid': '0000-0003-4494-0734',
        'credit-name': {
            'value': 'Smith, John.',
            'visibility': 'PUBLIC'
        },
        'contributor-email': 'john@mailinator.com',
        'contributor-attributes': {
            # One of 'LEAD', 'CO_LEAD', 'SUPPORTED_BY', 'OTHER_CONTRIBUTION'
            'contributor-role': 'LEAD',
        }
    }]},
    'organization': {
        'address': {
            'city': 'London',
            'region': 'London',
            'country': 'GB'
        },
        'disambiguated-organization': {
            'disambiguated-organization-identifier': 'XXXXXX',
            # Only FUNDREF is available so far.
            'disambiguation-source': 'FUNDREF'
        },
        'name': 'Funding Agency Name'
    }
}

peer-review

TBA

Release History

Release History

0.7.0

This version

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Download Files

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
orcid-0.7.0.tar.gz (11.1 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Jun 27, 2016

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