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Open Translation Environment (OTE) API.

Project description

Open Translation Environment (OTE) API Core

Framework for accessing data resources, mapping data models, describing the data to ontologies and perform data transformations

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We highly recommend reading this page in the official documentation.

Important: As of v0.6.0, OTEAPI Core is no longer compatible with pydantic v1, but only with pydantic v2. For more information about migrating your plugin repository to pydantic v2, see the pydantic documentation's migration guide.
Until the end of 2023, pydantic v1 will still be supported with security updates, but no new features will be added. To keep using pydantic v1, one should use the v0.5.x versions of OTEAPI Core.

About OTEAPI Core

OTEAPI Core provides the core functionality of OTEAPI, which stands for the Open Translation Environment API.

It uses the strategy software design pattern to implement a simple and easy to extend access to a large range of data resources. Semantic interoperability is supported via mapping of data models describing the data to ontologies. A set of strategy interfaces that can be considered abstract classes for the implementation of strategies, and data models used in their configuration, are provided. This repo also contains implementations for several standard strategies, e.g., downloading files, parsing Excel documents. Transformations, mainly intended to transform data between representations, are also supported, but transformations can also be used for running simulations in a simple workflow.

OTEAPI Core includes:

  • A set of standard strategies;
  • A plugin system for loading the standard strategies, as well as third party strategies;
  • Data models for configuring the strategies;
  • A Python library, through which the data can be accessed; and
  • An efficient data cache module that avoids downloading the same content several times.

Types of strategies

Download strategy

Download strategy patterns use a given protocol to download content into the data cache. They are configured with the ResourceConfig data model, using the scheme of the downloadUrl field for strategy selection. The configuration field can be used to configure how the downloaded content is stored in the cache using the DownloadConfig data model.

Standard downloaded strategies: file, https, http, sftp, ftp

Parse strategy

Parse strategy patterns convert content from the data cache to a Python dict. Like download strategies, they are configured with the ResourceConfig data model, using the mediaType field for strategy selection. Additional strategy-specific configurations can be provided via the configuration field.

Standard parse strategies: application/json, image/jpg, image/jpeg, image/jp2, image/png, image/gif, image/tiff, image/eps, application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet, application/vnd.sqlite3

Resource strategy

Resource strategy patterns can retrieve/upload data to external data services. They are configured with the ResourceConfig data model, using the scheme of the accessUrl and accessService fields. The scheme of the accessUrl is used for strategy selection.

Mapping strategy

Strategies for mapping fields/properties in data models to ontological concepts.

Filter strategy

Filter strategies can update the configuration of other strategies. They can also update values in the data cache.

Standard filter strategies: filter/crop, filter/sql

Function strategy

Function strategies are synchronous transformations that (normally) run directly on the server hosting the OTE service.

Transformation strategy

Transformation strategies are a special form of a function strategy intended for long-running transformations. In this sense, they represent asynchronous functions running in the background or on external resources.

Standard transformation strategies: celery/remote

The transformation strategy has consolidated the execution of the transformation with the get() method to unify the strategy interfaces. get() is intended to start an asynchronous process and return a task_id which can be queried using the status() method (outside of a pipeline).

Entry points for plugins

The way strategies are registered and found is through entry points.

Special group names allow understanding the strategy type and the entry point values allow understanding of what kind of strategy a specific class implements. A full overview of recognized entry point group names can be seen in Table of entry point strategies.

Defining entry points

In the following examples, let's imagine we have a package importable in Python through my_plugin and contains two download strategies and a single parse strategy:

  1. A peer-2-peer download strategy, implemented in a class named Peer2PeerDownload importable from my_plugin.strategies.download.peer_2_peer.
  2. A MongoDB download strategy, implemented in a class named MongoRetrieve importable from my_plugin.strategies.mongo.
  3. A MongoDB parse strategy, implemented in a class named MongoParse importable from my_plugin.strategies.mongo.

There are now various different ways to let the Python environment know of these strategies through entry points.

setup.py

In the package's setup.py file, one can specify entry points. Here, an example snippet is shown using setuptools:

# setup.py
from setuptools import setup

setup(
    # ...,
    entry_points={
        "oteapi.download": [
            "my_plugin.p2p = my_plugin.strategies.download.peer_2_peer:Peer2PeerDownload",
            "my_plugin.mongo = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoRetrieve",
        ],
        "oteapi.parse": [
            "my_plugin.application/vnd.mongo+json = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoParse",
        ]
    },
)

YAML/JSON custom files

Use custom files that are later parsed and used in a setup.py file.

entry_points:
  oteapi.download:
  - "my_plugin.p2p = my_plugin.strategies.download.peer_2_peer:Peer2PeerDownload"
  - "my_plugin.mongo = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoRetrieve"
  oteapi.parse:
  - "my_plugin.application/vnd.mongo+json = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoParse"
{
  "entry_points": {
    "oteapi.download": [
      "my_plugin.p2p = my_plugin.strategies.download.peer_2_peer:Peer2PeerDownload",
      "my_plugin.mongo = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoRetrieve"
    ],
    "oteapi.parse": [
      "my_plugin.application/vnd.mongo+json = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoParse"
    ]
  }
}

setup.cfg/pyproject.toml

A more modern approach is to use setup.cfg or pyproject.toml.

[options.entry_points]
oteapi.download =
    my_plugin.p2p = my_plugin.strategies.download.peer_2_peer:Peer2PeerDownload
    my_plugin.mongo = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoRetrieve
oteapi.parse =
    my_plugin.application/vnd.mongo+json = my_plugin.strategies.mongo:MongoParse

Syntax and semantics

As seen above, there are a few different syntactical flavors of how to list the entry points. However, the "value" stays the same throughout.

General Python entry points

The general syntax for entry points is based on ini files and parsed using the built-in configparser module described here. Specifically for entry points the nomenclature is the following:

[options.entry_points]
GROUP =
    NAME = VALUE

The VALUE is then further split into: PACKAGE.MODULE:OBJECT.ATTRIBUTE [EXTRA1, EXTRA2].

OTEAPI strategy entry points

From the general syntax outlined above, OTEAPI Core then implements rules and requirements regarding the syntax for strategies.

  1. A class MUST be specified (as an OBJECT).
  2. The NAME MUST consist of exactly two parts: PACKAGE and strategy type value in the form of PACKAGE.STRATEGY_TYPE_VALUE.
  3. The GROUP MUST be a valid OTEAPI entry point group, see Table of entry point strategies for a full list of valid OTEAPI entry point group values.

To understand what the strategy type value should be, see Table of entry point strategies.

Table of entry point strategies

Strategy Type Name Strategy Type Value Entry Point Group Documentation Reference
Download scheme oteapi.download Download strategy
Filter filterType oteapi.filter Filter strategy
Function functionType oteapi.function Function strategy
Mapping mappingType oteapi.mapping Mapping strategy
Parse mediaType oteapi.parse Parse strategy
Resource accessService oteapi.resource Resource strategy
Transformation transformationType oteapi.transformation Transformation strategy

Other OTEAPI-related repositories

Installation

OTEAPI Core can be installed with:

pip install oteapi-core

For developers

If you want to install OTEAPI Core to have a developer environment, please clone down the repository from GitHub and install:

git clone https://github.com/EMMC-ASBL/oteapi-core /path/to/oteapi-core
pip install -U --upgrade-strategy=eager -e /path/to/oteapi-core[dev]

Note, /path/to/oteapi-core can be left out of the first line, but then it must be updated in the second line, either to ./oteapi-core/oteapi-core or . if you cd into the generated folder wherein the repository has been cloned.

The --upgrade-strategy=eager part can be left out. We recommend installing within a dedicated virtual environment.

To test the installation, you can run:

cd /path/to/oteapi-core
pytest

If you run into issues at this stage, please open an issue.

Using Docker with PostgreSQL

Docker is an effective tool for creating portable, isolated environments for your applications. Here's an example of setting up a PostgreSQL instance using Docker:

  1. Create a Docker volume: Docker volumes enable data to persist across uses of Docker containers. In this context, we create a volume called pgdata to store database data.

    docker volume create pgdata
    
  2. Start a Docker container: Use the docker run command to initiate a new Docker container using the postgres image. Here's a breakdown of the options used in the command:

    -d: Runs the container in the background (detached mode), freeing up your terminal.

    --name postgres: Names the container postgres, allowing it to be referenced in future Docker commands.

    -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres: Sets an environment variable in the container to specify the PostgreSQL database password as postgres.

    -p 5432:5432: Maps port 5432 of the container to port 5432 of the host machine, letting applications on the host connect to the PostgreSQL database in the container.

    -v pgdata:/var/lib/postgresql/data: Mounts the pgdata volume at the path /var/lib/postgresql/data inside the container, which is the storage location for PostgreSQL data files.

    --restart always: Ensures the container restarts whenever it stops, unless it is manually stopped, in which case it only restarts when the Docker daemon starts, usually on system boot.

    docker run  -d --name postgres \
        -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres \
        -p 5432:5432 \
        -v pgdata:/var/lib/postgresql/data \
        --restart always postgres
    

License

OTEAPI Core is released under the MIT license with copyright © SINTEF.

Acknowledgment

OTEAPI Core has been supported by the following projects:

  • OntoTrans (2020-2024) that receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, under Grant Agreement no. 862136.

  • VIPCOAT (2021-2025) receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme - DT-NMBP-11-2020 Open Innovation Platform for Materials Modelling, under Grant Agreement no: 952903.

  • OpenModel (2021-2025) receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme - DT-NMBP-11-2020 Open Innovation Platform for Materials Modelling, under Grant Agreement no: 953167.

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