Skip to main content

A simulation of package delivery with constraints

Project description

Package Delivery App

app logo

This repo simulates package-delivery by truck.

It expects csv files containing distance data and package data. It instantiates truck and package objects and then constructs a route which handles multiple package constraints, uses nearest-neighbors, and shortens the route as much as possible while still delivering all package on time. It then "loads" trucks and "delivers" packages.


pip install package-delivery-app

Dependencies: none.

Prerequisites: Python 3 and either MacOS or a recent Windows.

Tech used: just Python 3.6.8.


The program's entry point is run_program() in The requirements for the distance and package csv files are documented in the docstrings.

You can run this code as a package or as a module.

  1. As a package:
    • import package_delivery_app as pda
    • pda.run_program(your_distance_csv, your_package_csv)
  2. As a module:
    • python -m package_delivery_app your_distance_csv your_package_csv

Reminder: wrap filepaths in quotes if they have any spaces.

Tip: use Python's __doc__ function to learn more about a package or class.

  • Example: print(package_delivery_app.Hash.__doc__)

More Information


I've learned through recent testing (i.e. in my last 5-10 coding hours) that this overall solution is fragile.

Parts of it are robust, but there is some fundamental flaw in the logic when it comes to deadlines; I have tricks to get deadlines met, but not a good enough fundamental mechamism; I kind of lucked out with my sample data. I've banged my head enough on this--I have probably put 150-200 hours into this project--and must concede that despite my attempts to control complexity, it's a bit of a reach for my current skill level.

I hope that I come back to it in the future, and I hope that when I do, I find it easy to reason through what needs to be changed and make it more robust.


  • Satisfy requirements for a Western Governors University course.
  • Go beyond those requirements; explore building a "real" Python application.

Notable requirements & features:

  • Route takes into account several kinds of constraints, such as: deadlines, packages needing to have their destination corrected (having the wrong destination initially), sets of packages needing to go together, and so on.
  • Users can request snapshots of the delivery status of each package
  • Custom Hash and time classes are used. The Hash class was designed to (nearly) replicate Python dictionaries (a Hash class of some kind was a course requirement).

Notably unrealistic assumptions:

  • Trucks maintain a constant speed of 18 miles per hour at all times.
  • Trucks have a capacity of just 16 packages.

What is definitely out-of-scope

It would be pretty cool for this to allow real-time updates, to track when trucks actually arrive at various places. It would be pretty cool for this to integrate with a package-scanner. It would be pretty cool for this to have a pretty web and/or mobile front-end, or even a GUI. It would be pretty cool for this to use a database (SQLAlchemy is fun to use). It does not do any of those things and likely never will.

Possible Future Enhancements

  • add and automate tests
  • enhance "distances" data structure by applying a shortest-path all-pairs algorithm such as Floyd-Warshall (arguably more appropriate than Dijkstra's for dense graphs like intra-city distances) rather than simply using the direct-path distances from the supplied distances-csv input file
    • the file at my repo here could be used
  • try smarter "nearest neighbors" to see how much they help
    • try the 'altered' and 'repeated' strategies suggested by Norvig here
  • automatically optimize, for arbitrary input data, the currently-hardcoded parameter for the Route_Builder add_nearby_neighbors method
  • enhance improve_route to not only optimize small segments but to optimize sets of segments as well (note that optimizing the entire route is O(n!), but keeping "n" small at all times avoids long runtimes)
  • build out a speed-function using realistic average speeds between destinations including the fact that some roads may be faster/slower plus the time necessary for a truck to stop, deliver packages, and start again
    • a Truck-class speed_function exists and is used by other classes already, as a sort of 'hook' for inserting additional functionality
    • a super enhancement would be to learn this over time for a given city; right now my app is not nearly sophisticated enough to accommodate this
  • allow user to add new packages or update current known packages
  • enhance package histories to track the location of the truck when on route so that snapshots say precisely where a package was at any given time
  • permit routes to revisit a node if that would save time; initial testing shows this could save ~5% of distance/time (for my sample data)
  • allow more than one special note on a package

Code Style

This project adheres to pep8.

Idiomatic or 'Pythonic' ways were preferred, to the extent I've successfully learned them. Possible exception: I often prefer from/import for imports.


The logo is a composite of 'noncommercial use with modification' images, except the Python logo which I don't think has the 'with modification' qualifier.


MIT (see LICENSE.txt for details)

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

package-delivery-app-0.9.3.tar.gz (32.1 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Built Distribution

package_delivery_app-0.9.3-py3-none-any.whl (36.5 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page