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An EVM symbolic execution tool and vulnerability scanner

Project description

Pakala

PyPI Build States

"ilo Pakala li pakala e mani sona"

  • Pakala is a tool to search for exploitable bugs in Ethereum smart contracts.
  • Pakala is a symbolic execution engine for the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

The intended public for the tool are security researchers interested by Ethereum / the EVM.

Installation

pip3 install pakala

It works only with python 3.

Usage

Let's look at 0xeBE6c7a839A660a0F04BdF6816e2eA182F5d542C: it has a transfer(address _to, uint256 _value) function. It is supposedly protected by a require(call.value - _value) >= 0 but that condition always holds because we are substracting two unsigned integers, so the result is also an unsigned integer.

Let's scan it:

pakala 0xeBE6c7a839A660a0F04BdF6816e2eA182F5d542C --force-balance="1 ether"

The contract balance being 0, we won't be able to have it send us some ethers. So we override the balance to be 1 ETH: then it has some "virtual" money to send us.

The tool with tell you a bug was found, and dump you a path of "states". Each state corresponds to a transaction, with constraints that needs to be respected for that code path to be taken, storage that has been read/written...

Advice: look at calldata[0] in the constraints to see the function signature for each transaction.

See pakala help for more complete usage information.

How does it works? What does it do?

See the introductory article for more information and a demo.

Project details


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