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Generate profile report for pandas DataFrame

Project description

Pandas Profiling

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Generates profile reports from a pandas DataFrame.

The pandas df.describe() function is great but a little basic for serious exploratory data analysis. pandas_profiling extends the pandas DataFrame with df.profile_report() for quick data analysis.

For each column the following statistics - if relevant for the column type - are presented in an interactive HTML report:

  • Type inference: detect the types of columns in a dataframe.
  • Essentials: type, unique values, missing values
  • Quantile statistics like minimum value, Q1, median, Q3, maximum, range, interquartile range
  • Descriptive statistics like mean, mode, standard deviation, sum, median absolute deviation, coefficient of variation, kurtosis, skewness
  • Most frequent values
  • Histogram
  • Correlations highlighting of highly correlated variables, Spearman, Pearson and Kendall matrices
  • Missing values matrix, count, heatmap and dendrogram of missing values
  • Text analysis learn about categories (Uppercase, Space), scripts (Latin, Cyrillic) and blocks (ASCII) of text data.
  • File and Image analysis extract file sizes, creation dates and dimensions and scan for truncated images or those containing EXIF information.


Spark backend in progress: We can happily announce that we're nearing v1 for the Spark backend for generating profile reports. Beta testers wanted! The Spark backend will be released as a pre-release for this package.

Monitoring time series?: I'd like to draw your attention to popmon. Whereas pandas-profiling allows you to explore patterns in a single dataset, popmon allows you to uncover temporal patterns. It's worth checking out!

Contents: Examples | Installation | Documentation | Large datasets | Command line usage | Advanced usage | Support | Go beyond | Support the project | Types | How to contribute | Editor Integration | Dependencies


The following examples can give you an impression of what the package can do:

  • Census Income (US Adult Census data relating income)
  • NASA Meteorites (comprehensive set of meteorite landings) Open In Colab Binder
  • Titanic (the "Wonderwall" of datasets) Open In Colab Binder
  • NZA (open data from the Dutch Healthcare Authority)
  • Stata Auto (1978 Automobile data)
  • Vektis (Vektis Dutch Healthcare data)
  • Colors (a simple colors dataset)
  • UCI Bank Dataset (banking marketing dataset)
  • RDW (RDW, the Dutch DMV's vehicle registration 10 million rows, 71 features)

Specific features:



Using pip

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You can install using the pip package manager by running

pip install pandas-profiling[notebook]

Alternatively, you could install the latest version directly from Github:

pip install

Using conda

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You can install using the conda package manager by running

conda install -c conda-forge pandas-profiling

From source

Download the source code by cloning the repository or by pressing 'Download ZIP' on this page.

Install by navigating to the proper directory and running:

python install


The documentation for pandas_profiling can be found here. Previous documentation is still available here.

Getting started

Start by loading in your pandas DataFrame, e.g. by using:

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from pandas_profiling import ProfileReport

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.rand(100, 5), columns=["a", "b", "c", "d", "e"])

To generate the report, run:

profile = ProfileReport(df, title="Pandas Profiling Report")

Explore deeper

You can configure the profile report in any way you like. The example code below loads the explorative configuration, that includes many features for text (length distribution, unicode information), files (file size, creation time) and images (dimensions, exif information). If you are interested what exact settings were used, you can compare with the default configuration file.

profile = ProfileReport(df, title="Pandas Profiling Report", explorative=True)

Learn more about configuring pandas-profiling on the Advanced usage page.

Jupyter Notebook

We recommend generating reports interactively by using the Jupyter notebook. There are two interfaces (see animations below): through widgets and through a HTML report.

Notebook Widgets

This is achieved by simply displaying the report. In the Jupyter Notebook, run:


The HTML report can be included in a Jupyter notebook:


Run the following code:


Saving the report

If you want to generate a HTML report file, save the ProfileReport to an object and use the to_file() function:


Alternatively, you can obtain the data as JSON:

# As a string
json_data = profile.to_json()

# As a file

Large datasets

Version 2.4 introduces minimal mode.

This is a default configuration that disables expensive computations (such as correlations and duplicate row detection).

Use the following syntax:

profile = ProfileReport(large_dataset, minimal=True)

Benchmarks are available here.

Command line usage

For standard formatted CSV files that can be read immediately by pandas, you can use the pandas_profiling executable.

Run the following for information about options and arguments.

pandas_profiling -h

Advanced usage

A set of options is available in order to adapt the report generated.

  • title (str): Title for the report ('Pandas Profiling Report' by default).
  • pool_size (int): Number of workers in thread pool. When set to zero, it is set to the number of CPUs available (0 by default).
  • progress_bar (bool): If True, pandas-profiling will display a progress bar.
  • infer_dtypes (bool): When True (default) the dtype of variables are inferred using visions using the typeset logic (for instance a column that has integers stored as string will be analyzed as if being numeric).

More settings can be found in the default configuration file and minimal configuration file.

You find the configuration docs on the advanced usage page here


profile = df.profile_report(
    title="Pandas Profiling Report", plot={"histogram": {"bins": 8}}


Need help? Want to share a perspective? Want to report a bug? Ideas for collaboration? You can reach out via the following channels:

  • Stack Overflow: ideal for asking questions on how to use the package
  • Github Issues: bugs, proposals for change, feature requests
  • Slack: general chat, questions, collaboration
  • Email: project collaboration or sponsoring

Go beyond



For many real-world problems we are interested how the data changes over time. The excellent pacakge popmon allows you to profile and monitor data trends over time and generates reports in a similar fashion as you're used to using pandas-profiling. Inspecting the report often shows patterns that are going by undetected during standard data exploration. Moreover, popmon can be used to monitor the stability of input and output of machine learning models. The package is fully open-source and you can find it here!

To learn more on Popmon, have a look at these resources here

Great Expectations

Great Expectations

Profiling your data is closely related to data validation: often validation rules are defined in terms of well-known statistics. For that purpose, pandas-profiling integrates with Great Expectations. This a world-class open-source library that helps you to maintain data quality and improve communication about data between teams. Great Expectations allows you to create Expectations (which are basically unit tests for your data) and Data Docs (conveniently shareable HTML data reports). pandas-profiling features a method to create a suite of Expectations based on the results of your ProfileReport, which you can store, and use to validate another (or future) dataset.

You can find more details on the Great Expectations integration here


Types are a powerful abstraction for effective data analysis, that goes beyond the logical data types (integer, float etc.). pandas-profiling currently, recognizes the following types: Boolean, Numerical, Date, Categorical, URL, Path, File and Image.

We have developed a type system for Python, tailored for data analysis: visions. Choosing an appropriate typeset can both improve the overall expressiveness and reduce the complexity of your analysis/code. To learn more about pandas-profiling's type system, check out the default implementation here. In the meantime, user customized summarizations and type definitions are now fully supported - if you have a specific use-case please reach out with ideas or a PR!


Read on getting involved in the Contribution Guide.

A low threshold place to ask questions or start contributing is by reaching out on the pandas-profiling Slack. Join the Slack community.

Editor integration

PyCharm integration

  1. Install pandas-profiling via the instructions above
  2. Locate your pandas-profiling executable.
    • On macOS / Linux / BSD:
      $ which pandas_profiling
      (example) /usr/local/bin/pandas_profiling
    • On Windows:
      $ where pandas_profiling
      (example) C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\Scripts\pandas_profiling.exe
  3. In PyCharm, go to Settings (or Preferences on macOS) > Tools > External tools
  4. Click the + icon to add a new external tool
  5. Insert the following values
    • Name: Pandas Profiling
    • Program: The location obtained in step 2
    • Arguments: "$FilePath$" "$FileDir$/$FileNameWithoutAllExtensions$_report.html"
    • Working Directory: $ProjectFileDir$
PyCharm Integration

To use the PyCharm Integration, right click on any dataset file:

External Tools > Pandas Profiling.

Other integrations

Other editor integrations may be contributed via pull requests.


The profile report is written in HTML and CSS, which means pandas-profiling requires a modern browser.

You need Python 3 to run this package. Other dependencies can be found in the requirements files:

Filename Requirements
requirements.txt Package requirements
requirements-dev.txt Requirements for development
requirements-test.txt Requirements for testing Requirements for Widgets etc.

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