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This class provides methods for using pco cameras.

Project description

https://www.pco.de/fileadmin/user_upload/company/pco_logo.png

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The Python package pco offers all functions for working with pco cameras that are based on the current SDK. All shared libraries for the communication with the camera and subsequent image processing are included.

Installation

Install from pypi (recommended):

$ pip install pco

Basic Usage

import pco
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

with pco.Camera() as cam:

    cam.record()
    image, meta = cam.image()

    plt.imshow(image, cmap='gray')
    plt.show()
https://www.pco.de/fileadmin/user_upload/company/screen.png

Logging

To activate the logging output create the Camera object with debuglevel= parameter.

The debug level can be set to one of the following values:

  • 'off' Disables all output.
  • 'error' Shows only error messages.
  • 'verbose' Shows all messages.
  • 'extra verbose' Shows all messages and values.

The default debuglevel is 'off'.

pco.Camera(debuglevel='verbose')
...
[][sdk] get_camera_type: OK.

The optional timestamp= parameter activates a tag in the printed output. Possible values are: 'on' and 'off'.

The default value is 'off'.

pco.Camera(debuglevel='verbose', timestamp='on')
...
[2019-11-25 15:54:15.317855 / 0.016 s] [][sdk] get_camera_type: OK.

Documentation

The pco.Camera class offers following methods:

  • record() generates, configures and starts a new recorder instance.
  • stop() stops the current recording.
  • close() closes the current active camera and releases the blocked ressources.
  • image() returns an image from the recorder as numpy array.
  • images() returns all recorded images from the recorder as list of numpy arrays.
  • image_average() returns the averaged image. This image is calculated from all recorded images in the buffer.
  • set_exposure_time() sets the exposure time of the camera.
  • wait_for_first_image() waits for the first available image in the recorder memory.

The pco.Camera class has the following variables:

The pco.Camera class has the following objects:

  • sdk offers direct access to all underlying functions of the pco.sdk.
  • recorder offers direct access to all underlying functions of the pco.recorder.

record()

Creates, configures and starts a new recorder instance.

def record(self, number_of_images=1, mode='sequence'):
  • number_of_images sets the number of images allocated in the driver. The RAM of the PC is limiting the maximum value.
  • mode sets the type of recorder:
    • In 'sequence' mode this function is blocking during record. The recorder stops automatically when the number_of_images is reached.
    • In 'sequence non blocking' mode this function is non blocking. Status must be checked before reading an image. This mode is used to read images while recording, e.g. thumbnail.
    • In 'ring buffer' mode this function is non blocking. Status must be checked before reading an image. Recorder did not stop the recording when the number_of_images is reached. The first image is overwritten from the next image.
    • In 'fifo' mode this function is non blocking. Status must be checked before reading an image. When the number_of_images in the fifo is reached, the following images are dropped until images were read from the fifo.

The entire camera configuration must be set before calling record(). The set_exposure_time() command is the only exception. This function has no effect on the recorder object and can be called up during the recording.

stop()

Stops the current recording.

def stop(self):

In 'ring buffer' and 'fifo' mode this function must to be called by the user. In 'sequence' and 'sequence non blocking' mode, this function is automatically called up when the number_of_images is reached.

close()

def close(self):

Closes the activated camera and releases the blocked ressources. This function must be called before the application is terminated. Otherwise the resources remain occupied.

This function is called automatically, if the camera object is created by the with statement. An explicit call to close() is no longer necessary.

with pco.Camera() as cam:
    # do some stuff

image()

Returns an image from the recorder. The type of the image is a numpy.ndarray. This array is shaped depending on the resolution and ROI of the image.

def image(self, image_number=0, roi=None):
  • image_number specifies the number of the image to read. In 'sequence' or 'sequence non blocking' mode the recorder index matches the image number. If image_number is set to 0xFFFFFFFF the last recorded image is copied. This allows e.g. thumbnail while recording.

  • roi sets the region fo interest. Only this region of the image is copied to the return value.

    >>> cam.record(number_of_images=1, mode='sequence')
    
    >>> image, meta = cam.image()
    
    >>> type(image)
    numpy.ndarray
    
    >>> image.shape
    (2160, 2560)
    
    >>> image, metadata = cam.image(roi=(1, 1, 300, 300))
    
    >>> image.shape
    (300, 300)
    

images()

Returns all recorded images from the recorder as list of numpy arrays.

def images(self, roi=None, blocksize=None):
  • roi sets the region fo interest. Only this region of the image is copied to the return value.

  • blocksize defines the maximum number of images that are returned. This parameter is only useful in 'fifo' mode and under special conditions.

      >>> cam.record(number_of_images=20, mode='sequence')
    
      >>> images, metadatas = cam.images()
    
      >>> len(images)
      20
    
      >>> for image in images:
      ...     print('Mean: {:7.2f} DN'.format(image.mean()))
      ...
      Mean: 2147.64 DN
      Mean: 2144.61 DN
      ...
    
     >>> images = cam.images(roi=(1, 1, 300, 300))
    
     >>> images[0].shape
    (300, 300)
    

image_average()

Returns the averaged image. This image is calculated from all recorded images in the buffer.

def image_average(self, roi=None):
  • roi defines the region fo interest. Only this region of the image is copied to the return value.

    >>> cam.record(number_of_images=100, mode='sequence')
    
    >>> avg = cam.image_average()
    
    >>> avg = cam.image_average(roi=(1, 1, 300, 300))
    

set_exposure_time()

Sets the exposure time of the camera.

def set_exposure_time(self, exposure_time):
  • exposure_time must be given as float or integer value in the unit ‘second’. The underlying values for the function sdk.set_delay_exposure_time(0, 'ms', time, timebase) will be calculated automatically. The delay time is set to 0.

    >>> set_exposure_time(0.001)
    
    >>> set_exposure_time(1e-3)
    

wait_for_first_image()

Waits for the first available image in the recorder memory.

def wait_for_first_image(self):

In recorder mode 'sequence non blocking', 'ring buffer' and 'fifo', the function record() returns immediately. It is the responsibility of the user to wait for images from the camera before calling image(), images() or image_average.

configuration

The camera parameters are updated by changing the configuration variable.

cam.configuration = {'exposure time': 10e-3,
                     'roi': (1, 1, 512, 512),
                     'timestamp': 'ascii',
                     'pixel rate': 100_000_000,
                     'trigger': 'auto sequence',
                     'acquire': 'auto',
                     'metadata': 'on',
                     'binning': (1, 1)}

The variable can only be changed before the record() function is called. It’s a dictionary with a certain number of entries. Not all possible elements need to be specified. The following sample code only changes the 'pixel rate' and does not affect any other elements of the configuration.

with pco.Camera() as cam:

    cam.configuration = {'pixel rate': 286_000_000}

    cam.record()
    ...

sdk

The object sdk allows direct access to all underlying functions of the pco.sdk.

>>> cam.sdk.get_temperature()
{'sensor temperature': 7.0, 'camera temperature': 38.2, 'power temperature': 36.7}

All return values form sdk functions are dictionarys. Not all camera settings are currently covered by the camera class. Special settings have to be set directly by calling the respective SDK function.

recorder

The object rec offers direct access to all underlying functions of the pco.recorder. It is not necessary to call a recorder class method directly. All functions are fully covered by the methods of the camera class.

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