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High-level p2p protocol allowing both local and remote p2p connections via UDP advertising and a TURN-like middleman server (or multiple)

Project description


High-level p2p protocol allowing both local and remote p2p connections via UDP advertising and a TURN-like middleman server (or multiple)


  • High-level abstraction of remote/local node commands
  • Discovery of alternate relay servers via reporting from other nodes
  • Fernet encryption of sent data
  • Log-free relay servers
  • Ability to connect to fallback relay servers
  • E2EE on remote and local commands (encryption keys not sent to relay servers)
  • RPC functionality
  • Command paths


Run python -m pip install --upgrade peerbase.

Documentation (Basics)

The following documentation is laid out in the order in which functions should generally be called.

Main Class: Node()

Node(name: str, network: str, network_key: str, ports: list=[1000,1001], servers: (str, list, None)=None, registered_commands: dict={}, use_local: bool=True, keepalive_tick: float=0.25, max_remotes: (int, None)=None)
  • name - Name of node in network. Should not be repeated in a network, as this may cause inconsistent results. A check for this will be implemented in a future update. Cannot contain any of the following reserved characters: .|:
  • network - Name of the virtual network or P2P channel to connect to. Cannot contain any of the following reserved characters: .|:
  • network_key - Encryption key of the virtual network. Can use peerbase.key_generate() or similar to generate this key.
  • ports - Ports to use for this node. In order, they are [local node port (cannot be repeated), advertiser port (can be repeated across nodes)]. This defaults to [1000,1001]
  • servers - Relay servers to connect to. Can be None to disable remote connections, a single ip:port address, or a list of ip:port addresses. Defaults to None.
  • registered_commands - A dictionary of pre-registered commands. Reference the Registering Commands section for more information. Defaults to {}.
  • use_local - Boolean value of whether to make local connections or not. Node() will raise ValueError if both local and remote connections are disabled. Defaults to True.
  • keepalive_tick - Seconds to wait between sending keepalive requests to relay servers. Defaults to 0.25 seconds.
  • max_remotes - Maximum amount of relay servers to connect to. Must be greater than or equal to the length of servers. If None, no limit will be imposed. Defaults to None.

Registering Commands

Commands can (and should) be registered in Node instances to allow RPC functionality. When Node() is instantiated, three commands will be pre-registered in addition to those in registered_commands:

  • __echo__ - Will echo the args and kwargs back at the sender.
  • __list_commands__ - Will return a list of reciever commands.
  • __peers__ - Returns a list of the peers of the recieving Node.

Node().register_command(command_path, function) - Registers a single function at command_path. function should reference a python function that accepts three arguments:

  • node - The Node instance
  • args - A list of positional arguments
  • kwargs - A dictionary of keyword arguments

The function should return a JSON-encodeable value. The command_path argument should be the command name. If the command exists as a subcommand, separate path elements with periods like so:

Node().register_commands(commands, top=None) - Registers a dictionary of commands and subcommands at top. top should be a path to a command root, using the same path syntax as in command_path in Node().register_command(). The dictionary should follow the following syntax, which should also be used in the registered_commands argument of Node():

        "function":function(node, args, kwargs)
      "function":function(node, args, kwargs)
    "function":function(node, args, kwargs)

Any number of paths and functions can be specified in this function.

Starting the Node

The Node() instance can be started with either of the following functions. Nodes must be started before they can be used.

  • Node().start() - Starts the Node. This is blocking.
  • Node().start_multithreaded(thread_name=None, thread_group=None) - Starts the instance in a separate thread with name thread_name in group thread_group.

Commanding Alternate Nodes

Node().command(command_path='__echo__', args=[], kwargs={}, target='*', raise_errors=False, timeout=5, max_threads=32) - Sends a command to a target or group of targets

  • command_path - Path to command on target Node(s) in format. Defaults to __echo__.
  • args - Positional arguments to be sent to the target(s)
  • kwargs - Keyword arguments to be sent to the target(s)
  • target - Target or targets to send the command to. Can be a single Node name, a list of names, or "*" to send the command to all nodes in a network. The latter is not suggested for larger networks.
  • raise_errors - Whether to raise errors on failure to connect to a Node.
  • timeout - How long to wait before timing out an attempt to connect to a Node.
  • max_threads - The maximum number of threads to open at any one time while processing commands.

This function will return either a single value (if only one target was specified) or a dictionary of {node name: return value, ...} if multiple were specified.

Node().get_commands(target='*', raise_errors=False, timeout=4) - Returns the commands of a node or number of nodes. Arguments identical to those in Node().command().

Relay Servers

A Relay server is a port-forwarded server that acts as a relay/middleman between individual Nodes on different LANs. The following section outlines how to start one of these servers in the simplest manner.


  • Open a terminal in the peerbase directory.
  • Run the following command: python --port <port to run server on> --network <name of network>

Assuming all required libraries are installed, this will start the relay server.

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