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PivotPy

A Python Processing Tool for Vasp Input/Output. A CLI is available in Powershell, see Vasp2Visual.

Run in Azure Open In Colab

<style>a{text-decoration: none !important;color:lightkblue;font-weight:bold;} a:focus,a:active,a:hover{color:hotpink !important;}</style>

  Index● 
  Example 
  StaticPlots 
  InteractivePlots 
  SpinProjectedSurfaces 
  StructureIO 
  Widgets 
  MainAPI 

Install

pip install pivotpy

How to use

CLI commnds

  • Use pivotpy in system terminal to launch DOCS.
  • Use pivotpy_get_poscar to download POSCAR.
  • Use pivotpy_get_kpath to create fine controlled KPATH.

Plot in Terminal without GUI

Use pp.plt2text(colorful=True/False) after matplotlib's code and your figure will appear in terminal. You need to zoom out alot to get a good view like below.

Tip: Use file matplotlib2terminal.py on github independent of this package to plot in terminal. IMG

Ipywidgets-based GUI

See GIF here: GIF

Live Slides in Jupyter Notebook

Navigate to ipyslides or do pip install ipyslides to create beautiful data driven presentation in Jupyter Notebook.

import os, pivotpy as pp
with pp.set_dir('E:/Research/graphene_example/ISPIN_1/bands'):
    vr = pp.Vasprun(elim=[-5,5])

print('Try Follwing Methods:')
for v in dir(vr):
    if not v.startswith('_'):
        print('vr.'+v)
Try Follwing Methods:
vr.Fermi
vr.data
vr.elim
vr.fermi
vr.get_band_info
vr.get_en_diff
vr.get_fermi
vr.iplot_dos_lines
vr.iplot_rgb_lines
vr.kticks
vr.poscar
vr.select
vr.splot_bands
vr.splot_color_lines
vr.splot_dos_lines
vr.splot_en_diff
vr.splot_rgb_lines
vr.to_json
vr.to_pickle
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt 
ax1,ax2 = pp.get_axes((6,3),ncols=2)
ax1.plot(vr.data.scsteps['e_fr_energy'],lw=3, label = 'e_fr_energy',color='k')
ax1.plot(vr.data.scsteps['e_0_energy'],lw=0.7,ls='dashed',label='e_0_energy',color='skyblue')
ax1.set_ylabel('Energy (eV)')
ax1.set_xlabel('Iteration Number')
ax1.legend()

vr.poscar.splot_lat(ax=ax2,plane='xy')
X, Y, Z = vr.data.poscar.coords.T
q = ax2.quiver(X,Y,*vr.data.force[:,:2].T,scale=25,color='r')
ax2.quiverkey(q, 0.7, 1, 7, 'Force (arb. units)')
ax2.add_legend()

svg

Matplotlib's static plots

  • Add anything from legend,colorbar, colorwheel. In below figure, all three are shown.
  • Use aliases such as sbands, sdos,srgb,irgb,scolor,idos for plotting.
#collapse_input
import pivotpy as pp, numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt 
vr1=pp.Vasprun('E:/Research/graphene_example/ISPIN_2/bands/vasprun.xml')
vr2=pp.Vasprun('E:/Research/graphene_example/ISPIN_2/dos/vasprun.xml')
axs = pp.get_axes(ncols=3,widths=[2,1,2.2],sharey=True,wspace=0.05,figsize=(8,2.6))
elements=[0,[0],[0,1]]
orbs=[[0],[2],[1,3]]
labels=['s','$p_z$','$(p_x+p_y)$']
ti_cks=dict(ktick_inds=[0,30,60,-1],ktick_vals=['Γ','M','K','Γ'])
args_dict=dict(elements=elements,orbs=orbs,labels=labels,elim=[-20,15],colormap='viridis',)
vr1.splot_bands(ax=axs[0],**ti_cks,elim=[-20,15])
vr1.splot_rgb_lines(ax=axs[2],**args_dict,**ti_cks,colorbar=False)
vr2.splot_dos_lines(ax=axs[1],vertical=True,spin='both',include_dos='pdos',**args_dict,legend_kwargs={'ncol': 3})
axs[2].color_cube(loc=(0.7,0.25),size=0.35)
pp._show() 
?[0;92m Given 0 at position 1 of sequence => 'C': range(0, 2). To just pick one ion, write it as [0].?[00m

svg

Interactive plots using plotly

args_dict['labels'] = ['s','p_z','p_x+p_y']
args_dict.pop('colormap')
fig1 = vr1.iplot_rgb_lines(**args_dict)
#pp.iplot2html(fig1) #Do inside Google Colab, fig1 inside Jupyter
from IPython.display import Markdown
Markdown("[See Interactive Plot](https://massgh.github.io/InteractiveHTMLs/iGraphene.html)")

See Interactive Plot

Brillouin Zone (BZ) Processing

  • Look in pivotpy.sio module or pivotpy.api.POSCAR class for details on generating mesh and path of KPOINTS as well as using Materials Projects' API to get POSCAR right in the working folder. Below is a screenshot of interactive BZ plot. You can double click on blue points and hit Ctrl + C to copy the high symmetry points relative to reciprocal lattice basis vectors.
  • Same color points lie on a sphere, with radius decreasing as red to blue and gamma point in gold color. These color help distinguishing points but the points not always be equivalent, for example in FCC, there are two points on mid of edges connecting square-hexagon and hexagon-hexagon at equal distance from center but not the same points.
  • Any colored point's hover text is in gold background.

Look the output of pivotpy.sio.splot_bz.

BZ Energy See Interactive BZ Plot

Interpolation

Amost every bandstructure and DOS plot function has an argument interp_nk which is a dictionary with keys n (Number of additional points between adjacent points) and k (order of interpolation 0-3). n > k must hold.

#collapse_input
import pivotpy as pp, matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.style.use('ggplot')
k = vr1.data.kpath
ef = vr1.data.bands.Fermi
evals = vr1.data.bands.evals.SpinUp - ef
#Let's interpolate our graph to see effect. It is useful for colored graphs.
knew,enew=pp.interpolate_data(x=k,y=evals,n=10,k=3)
plot = plt.plot(k,evals,'m',lw=5,label='real data')
plot = plt.plot(k,evals,'w',lw=1,label='interpolated',ls='dashed')
pp.splots.add_text(ax=plt.gca(),txts='Graphene')

svg

LOCPOT,CHG Visualization

check out the class pivotpy.LOCPOT to visulize local potential/charge and magnetization in a given direction.

Running powershell commands from python.

Some tasks are very tideious in python while just a click way in powershell. See below, and try to list processes in python yourself to see the difference!

pp.utils.ps2std(ps_command='(Get-Process)[0..4]')
?[32;1m NPM(K)    PM(M)      WS(M)     CPU(s)      Id  SI ProcessName?[0m
?[32;1m ------    -----      -----     ------      --  -- -----------?[0m
22     6.92       8.27       0.33   14100   1 AcrobatNot…
6     1.29       5.68       0.00    7724   0 Aggregator…
19     7.22      20.85       0.00    5608   0 AppHelperC…
26    39.25      57.59       0.48    2064   1 Applicatio…
9     1.67       6.88       0.00    5264   0 armsvc

Advancaed: Poweshell Cell/Line Magic %%ps/%ps

  • You can create a IPython cell magic to run powershell commands directly in IPython Shell/Notebook (Powershell core installation required).
  • Cell magic can be assigned to a variable foo by %%ps --out foo
  • Line magic can be assigned to a variable by foo = %ps powershell_command

Put below code in ipython profile's startup file (create one) "~/.ipython/profile_default/startup/powershell_magic.py"

from IPython.core.magic import register_line_cell_magic
from IPython import get_ipython
@register_line_cell_magic
def ps(line, cell=None):
    if cell:
        return get_ipython().run_cell_magic('powershell',line,cell)
    else:
        get_ipython().run_cell_magic('powershell','--out posh_output',line)
        return posh_output.splitlines()

Additionally you need to add following lines in "~/.ipython/profile_default/ipython_config.py" file to make above magic work.

from traitlets.config.application import get_config
c = get_config()
c.ScriptMagics.script_magics = ['powershell']
c.ScriptMagics.script_paths = {
    'powershell' : 'powershell.exe -noprofile -command -',
    'pwsh': 'pwsh.exe -noprofile -command -'
}
%%ps 
Get-ChildItem 'E:\Research\graphene_example\'
    Directory: E:\Research\graphene_example





Mode                 LastWriteTime         Length Name        

----                 -------------         ------ ----        

da----          6/9/2022  10:33 AM                ISPIN_1     

da----          5/9/2020   1:05 PM                ISPIN_2     

-a----          5/9/2020   1:01 PM          75331 OUTCAR      

-a----          5/9/2020   1:01 PM         240755 vasprun.xml 
x = %ps (Get-ChildItem 'E:\Research\graphene_example\').Name
x
['ISPIN_1', 'ISPIN_2', 'OUTCAR', 'vasprun.xml']

Functions Reference

<style>a{text-decoration: none !important;color:lightkblue;font-weight:bold;} a:focus,a:active,a:hover{color:hotpink !important;}</style>

  Index● 
  Example 
  StaticPlots 
  InteractivePlots 
  SpinProjectedSurfaces 
  StructureIO 
  Widgets 
  MainAPI 

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