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Static files for Plone

Project description


plone.resource publishes directories of static files via the ZPublisher. These directories may be located either in the ZODB (as OFS folders and files), or on the filesystem.

Each resource directory has a type and a name. When combined, these are used to traverse to the resource directory. For example:


Where resources can be stored

Resource directory contents can be found by the traverser in several different places. The following locations are tried in order.

Files in the ZODB

Installing plone.resource creates a Zope-folder called portal_resources. It can be used to store resource directories persistently. By convention:

  • the top-level folders under this folder correspond to resource types,

  • the second-level folders correspond to the resource directory name.

So, the file traversable at /++theme++mytheme/myfile could be physically located at some_site/++etc++site/resources/theme/mytheme

Files in Python distributions

A folder in a Python distribution (e.g. egg) can be registered as a resource directory of a particular type and name using the plone:static ZCML directive. For example, this registers a directory named “theme” as a resource directory of type “theme” under the name “mytheme”. It would be accessible at ++theme++mytheme:


.. note::
   You must do ``<include package="plone.resource" file="meta.zcml"/>``
   before you can use the plone:static directive.

The name of the resource directory defaults to the name of the package, so can be omitted. E.g. the following directive in a package named “mytheme” would result in the same registration as above:


Traversing upward in directory paths using .. is not supported for security reasons, as it could allow unwanted file access.

Minimum zcml config example

<configure xmlns:plone="">
  <include package="plone.resource" file="meta.zcml"/>


Files in a central resource directory

If the plone:static directive is used from site.zcml (i.e., with no active package in the ZCML import context), then it may specify the absolute path to a top-level resources directory.

This directory should have the same sub-directory structure as explained above (in-ZODB resources directory):

  • the top-level folders under this folder correspond to resource types,

  • the second-level folders correspond to the resource directory name.

In addition, in order for resources to be available, the top-level directories require a traverser to be registered!

For example, the following in site.zcml registers the given path within the buildout root:


In order to automate this at buildout time, plone.recipe.zope2instance recipe has the option resources. It injects the above zcml snippet with into site.zcml by specifying the option like this:

resources = ${buildout:directory}/resources

Example: Using - which provides the ++theme++ traverser - given an image file located in filesystem at:


This would be traversable at a URL like so:


Additional traversers

Custom traversers can be registered via ZCML using an adapter like so:

    for="* zope.publisher.interfaces.IRequest"

with a corresponding simple factory definition of:

from plone.resource.traversal import ResourceTraverser
class MyTraverser(ResourceTraverser):
    name = 'demo'

This, when coupled with configuration like that in the Files in a central resource directory section above, would mean that resources located at:


would be traversable at a URL like so:



3.0.1 (2024-01-22)


  • Update configuration files. [plone devs] (047ec50d, 6e36bcc4)

3.0.0 (2023-04-27)

Breaking changes:

  • Drop Plone 5.2 and Python 2 support. [gforcada] (#6)


  • Update configuration files. [plone devs] (2a4ba395)

2.1.4 (2021-06-14)

Bug fixes:

  • Do not throw an error when traversing to a FilesystemResourceDirectory (#31)

2.1.3 (2020-09-28)

Bug fixes:

  • Fixed various warnings. [maurits] (#3130)

2.1.2 (2020-04-22)

Bug fixes:

  • Minor packaging updates. (#1)

2.1.1 (2019-02-08)

Bug fixes:

  • Fix deprecation and resource warnings. [gforcada] (#29)

2.1.0 (2018-11-02)

Bug fixes:

2.0.2 (2018-06-04)

Bug fixes:

  • More Python 3 fixes. [ale, pbauer]

2.0.1 (2018-02-05)

New features:

  • Add python 2 / 3 compatibility

2.0.0 (2018-01-17)

Breaking changes:

  • Remove Python2.6 support. [ale-rt]

Bug fixes:

  • Fixed ‘ValueError: substring not found’ in FilesystemResourceDirectory representation. This happens when you register a directory with a name that differs from the directory name. Visiting the /++theme++myname url would then give this error. We also avoid listing a longer part of the path in case the directory name happens to be in the path multiple times. [maurits]

1.2.1 (2016-12-30)

Bug fixes:

  • ‘unittest2’ is a test dependency, make this explicit in [jensens]

1.2 (2016-11-09)

New features:

  • Fire events on resources creation/modification [jpgimenez, ebrehault]

1.1 (2016-10-04)

New features:

  • Use mimetypes_registry utility to determine mimetype if available. [jensens]

Bug fixes:

  • Remove duplicate import [jensens]

  • Add coding headers on python files. [gforcada]

1.0.7 (2016-09-08)

Bug fixes:

  • Applied 20160830 security hotfix. [maurits]

1.0.6 (2016-08-10)


  • Do not leave an .svn file behind when running the tests. [maurits]

  • Use zope.interface decorator. [gforcada]

1.0.5 (2016-02-26)


  • Test fix: clearZCML was removed from zope.component.tests. [thet]

  • Cleanup: PEP8, plone-coding conventions, ReST fixes, documentation overhaul, et al. [jensens]

1.0.4 (2015-03-21)

  • use utf-8 encoding when writing more than just text/html [vangheem]

  • provides a proper __contains__ method in FilesystemResourceDirectory [ebrehault]

1.0.3 (2014-10-13)

  • security hardening: we don’t want the anonymous user to look at our fs [giacomos]

1.0.2 (2013-01-01)

  • Nothing changed yet.

1.0.1 (2012-05-25)

1.0 (2012-04-15)

  • Add __setitem__() support for writeable resource directories. [optilude]

1.0b6 (2011-11-24)

  • Added rename() method for writable resource directories [optilude]

  • Added cloneResourceDirectory() helper method in the utils module [optilude]

  • Add a ++unique++ resource traverser for resource directories to cache as ‘plone.stableResource’. [elro]

1.0b5 (2011-06-08)

  • Ensure any files are skipped in iterDirectoriesOfType. [elro]

1.0b4 (2011-05-29)

  • Add queryResourceDirectory() helper method. [optilude]

1.0b3 (2011-05-23)

  • Fix resource directory download bug with subdirectories. [elro]

1.0b2 (2011-05-16)

  • Add a more compatible filestream iterator for filesystem files that allows coercion to string or unicode. This fixes possible compatibility issues with resource merging through Resource Registries. [optilude]

1.0b1 (2011-04-22)

  • Initial release

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