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This module makes writing client API for REST services as easy as GET('my_api/{some_param}')

Project description

Writing a Python API for a REST service is quite a boring task. prest is intended to do all of the monkey work for you. Take a look at an example:

from prest import EasyRestBase, GET, POST, DELETE

class MyRestfullAPI(EasyRestBase):
    list_objs = GET('objects')
    get_obj = GET('objects/{id}')
    del_obj = DELETE('objects/{id}')
    create_obj = POST('objects')
    select_objs = GET('objects/filter')
    objs_by_type = GET('objects/{type}')

conn = MyRestfullAPI("")

print conn.list_objs()

obj_id = conn.create_obj()['id']

There are 6 basic functions for HTTP methods:

  • GET
  • POST
  • PUT
  • HEAD

Each of them requires a relative path and returns a function. This function, in turn, gets a connection and a set of parameters, inserts some of them in the url (if there are placeholders), attaches all the rest as GET/POST parameters, and makes an HTTP request. The function receives the result, unpacks it and returns the result to the caller.

So you need only one line to make an API func for each REST call.

In case if result of GET/… calls is assigned to class method of class inherited from PRestBase then call gets connection from self.

Meanwhile you can use it separately:

from prest import GET, Urllib2HTTP_JSON

get_cluster_data = GET('data/{cluster_id}')
conn = Urllib2HTTP_JSON("")
print get_cluster_data(conn, cluster_id=11)

Both Urllib2HTTP_JSON and PRestBase accepts dictionary of additional headers end echo parameters. Urllib2HTTP_JSON uses json.dumps and json.loads to serialize and deserialize data accordingly.

Parameter dispatching rules:

func = GET('a/b/{c}/{d}?m={m}')
func(positional_param, **names_params)
  • All named parameters, which match placeholders in url would be formatted into url.
  • From named parameters, which doesn’t match placeholders, would be created dictionary, which would be passed as request body.
  • If not all url placeholder values are provided as named parameters all the rest values would be taken from self, if api function is inside class.
  • If some placeholder cannot be found neither in parameters not in self (or no self is provided - in case of standalone function). ValueError would be raised.
  • At most one positional parameter is allowed. If positional parameter is provided it would be used as entire request body. All named parameters in this case should be formatted into url. In case if extra named parameters provided - ValueError would be raised.

There also an object-oriented API - please take a look on I wrote no documentation for it, as it currently breaks 17th rule of python Zen.

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