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python libs and scripts for pretty-printing J1939 logs

Project description

pretty_j1939

python3 libs and scripts for pretty-printing J1939 candump logs.

This package can:

  1. pretty-print J1939 traffic captured in candump logs AND
  2. convert a J1939 Digital Annex (Excel) file into a JSON structure for use in the above

Some examples of pretty printing

Formatted content (one per line) next to candump data:

$ pretty_j1939.py --candata=true --format=true --link=true --transport=true example.candump.txt | head
(1543509533.000838) can0 10FDA300#FFFF07FFFFFFFFFF ; {
                                                   ;     "DA": "All(255)",
                                                   ;     "PGN": "EEC6(64931)",
                                                   ;     "SA": "Engine #1(  0)",
                                                   ;     "Engine Variable Geometry Turbocharger Actuator #1": "2.8000000000000003 [%]"
                                                   ; }
(1543509533.000915) can0 18FEE000#FFFFFFFFB05C6800 ; {
                                                   ;     "DA": "All(255)",
                                                   ;     "PGN": "VD(65248)",
                                                   ;     "SA": "Engine #1(  0)",

Single-line contents next to candump data:

$ pretty_j1939.py --candata=true --format=false --link=true --transport=true example.candump.txt | head
(1543509533.000838) can0 10FDA300#FFFF07FFFFFFFFFF ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"EEC6(64931)","Engine Variable Geometry Turbocharger Actuator #1":"2.8000000000000003 [%]"}
(1543509533.000915) can0 18FEE000#FFFFFFFFB05C6800 ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"VD(65248)","Total Vehicle Distance":"854934.0 [m]"}
(1543509533.000991) can0 08FE6E0B#0000000000000000 ; {"SA":"Brakes - System Controller( 11)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"HRW(65134)","Front Axle, Left Wheel Speed":"0.0 [kph]","Front axle, right wheel speed":"0.0 [kph]","Rear axle, left wheel speed":"0.0 [kph]","Rear axle, right wheel speed":"0.0 [kph]"}
(1543509533.001070) can0 18FDB255#FFFFFFFF0100FFFF ; {"SA":"Diesel Particulate Filter Controller( 85)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"AT1IMG(64946)","Aftertreatment 1 Diesel Particulate Filter Differential Pressure":"0.1 [kPa]"}
(1543509533.001145) can0 0CF00400#207D87481400F087 ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"EEC1(61444)","Engine Torque Mode":"2 (Unknown)","Actual Engine - Percent Torque (Fractional)":"0.0 [%]","Driver's Demand Engine - Percent Torque":"0 [%]","Actual Engine - Percent Torque":"10 [%]","Engine Speed":"649.0 [rpm]","Source Address of Controlling Device for Engine Control":"0 [SA]","Engine Demand - Percent Torque":"10 [%]"}
(1543509533.001220) can0 18FF4500#6D00FA00FF00006A ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"PropB_45(65349)","Manufacturer Defined Usage (PropB_PDU2)":"0x6d00fa00ff00006a"}
(1543509533.001297) can0 18FEDF00#82FFFFFF7DE70300 ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"EEC3(65247)","Nominal Friction - Percent Torque":"5 [%]","Estimated Engine Parasitic Losses - Percent Torque":"0 [%]","Aftertreatment 1 Exhaust Gas Mass Flow Rate":"199.8 [kg/h]","Aftertreatment 1 Intake Dew Point":"0 (00 - Not exceeded the dew point)","Aftertreatment 1 Exhaust Dew Point":"0 (00 - Not exceeded the dew point)","Aftertreatment 2 Intake Dew Point":"0 (00 - Not exceeded the dew point)","Aftertreatment 2 Exhaust Dew Point":"0 (00 - Not exceeded the dew point)"}
(1543509533.001372) can0 1CFE9200#FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ; {"SA":"Engine #1(  0)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"EI1(65170)"}
(1543509533.001447) can0 18F00131#FFFFFF3F00FFFFFF ; {"SA":"Cab Controller - Primary( 49)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"EBC1(61441)","Accelerator Interlock Switch":"0 (00 - Off)","Engine Retarder Selection":"0.0 [%]"}
(1543509533.001528) can0 18FEF131#F7FFFF07CCFFFFFF ; {"SA":"Cab Controller - Primary( 49)","DA":"All(255)","PGN":"CCVS1(65265)","Cruise Control Pause Switch":"1 (01 - On)","Cruise Control Active":"0 (00 - Cruise control switched off)","Cruise Control Enable Switch":"0 (00 - Cruise control disabled)","Brake Switch":"1 (01 - Brake pedal depressed)","Cruise Control Coast (Decelerate) Switch":"0 (00 - Cruise control activator not in the position \"coast\")","Cruise Control Accelerate Switch":"0 (00 - Cruise control activator not in the position \"accelerate\")"}

Formatted contents of the transport SPNs only.

$ pretty_j1939.py --candata=false --format=true --link=false --transport=true example.candump.txt |head
{
    "Transport PGN": "AT1HI1(64920)",
    "Aftertreatment 1 Total Fuel Used": "227.5 [liters]",
    "Aftertreatment 1 DPF Average Time Between Active Regenerations": "173933 [Seconds]",
    "Aftertreatment 1 DPF Average Distance Between Active Regenerations": "1460.5 [m]"
}
{
    "Transport PGN": "AT1HI1(64920)",
    "Aftertreatment 1 Total Fuel Used": "227.5 [liters]",
    "Aftertreatment 1 DPF Average Time Between Active Regenerations": "173933 [Seconds]",

HOWTO

First, obtain a copy of the digital annex, see https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j1939da_201907/ for details.

Then, use the create_j1939db-json.py script to convert that Digital Annex into a JSON file e.g.

create_j1939db-json.py -f tmp/J1939DA_201611.xls -w tmp/J1939DA_201611.json

Place the resulting JSON file at J1939db.json in your working directory and use the pretty-printing script e.g.

pretty_j1939.py example.candump.txt

The pretty_j1939.py script (and the describer in pretty_j1939/parse.py that it builds-on) has various levels of verbosity available when describing J1939 traffic in candump logs:

usage: pretty_j1939.py [-h] [--candata [CANDATA]] [--pgn [PGN]] [--spn [SPN]]
                       [--transport [TRANSPORT]] [--link [LINK]]
                       [--include-na [INCLUDE_NA]] [--format [FORMAT]]
                       candump

pretty-printing J1939 candump logs

positional arguments:
  candump               candump log

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --candata [CANDATA]   print input can data
  --pgn [PGN]           print source/destination/type description
  --spn [SPN]           print signals description
  --transport [TRANSPORT]
                        print details of transport-layer streams found
  --link [LINK]         print details of link-layer frames found
  --include-na [INCLUDE_NA]
                        inlude not-available (0xff) SPN values
  --format [FORMAT]     format each structure (otherwise single-line)

Installing

pip3 install pretty_j1939

Notes on Digital Annex Sources

You need to obtain a J1939 Digital Annex from the SAE to create a JSON file that can be used by pretty_j1939.py see https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j1939da_201907/ for details.

There are multiple releases; here are a couple notes to consider when purchasing your copy of the Digital Annex.

  • the 201611 Digital Annex has fewer defined SPNs in it than the 201311 Digital Annex; at some point the owners of the DA started migrating 'technical' SPNs (e.g. DMs) to other documents and out of the DA
  • the 201311 Digital Annex has a couple bugs in it that the create_j1939db-json.py has workarounds for
  • the create_j1939db-json.py can also handle the XLS Export from isobus.net by supplying multiple excel sheets as input (with multiple -f arguments); however, the isobus.net definitions omit almost all of the commercial vehicle SPNs and PGNs so the resulting J1939db.json file may not be of great use in examining candump captures from commercial vehicles.

Future Work

  • port this functionality to the python-j1939 and python-can projects
  • support for discontiguous SPN fields
  • default JSON database (of limited content) based on public information
  • support for J1939 aspects not encoded in the Digital Annex (ever, or anymore) e.g. Address Claim, DMs

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