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A small python api to collect data from prometheus

Project description

prometheus-api-client

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A Python wrapper for the Prometheus http api and some tools for metrics processing.

Installation

To install the latest release:

pip install prometheus-api-client

To install directly from this branch:

pip install https://github.com/AICoE/prometheus-api-client-python/zipball/master

Links

Getting Started

Usage

Prometheus, a Cloud Native Computing Foundation project, is a systems and service monitoring system. It collects metrics (time series data) from configured targets at given intervals, evaluates rule expressions, displays the results, and can trigger alerts if some condition is observed to be true. The raw time series data obtained from a Prometheus host can sometimes be hard to interpret. To help better understand these metrics we have created a Python wrapper for the Prometheus http api for easier metrics processing and analysis.

The prometheus-api-client library consists of multiple modules which assist in connecting to a Prometheus host, fetching the required metrics and performing various aggregation operations on the time series data.

Connecting and Collecting Metrics from a Prometheus host

The PrometheusConnect module of the library can be used to connect to a Prometheus host. This module is essentially a class created for the collection of metrics from a Prometheus host. It stores the following connection parameters:

  • url - (str) url for the prometheus host
  • headers – (dict) A dictionary of http headers to be used to communicate with the host. Example: {“Authorization”: “bearer my_oauth_token_to_the_host”}
  • disable_ssl – (bool) If set to True, will disable ssl certificate verification for the http requests made to the prometheus host
from prometheus_api_client import PrometheusConnect
prom = PrometheusConnect(url ="<prometheus-host>", disable_ssl=True)

# Get the list of all the metrics that the Prometheus host scrapes
prom.all_metrics()

You can also fetch the time series data for a specific metric using custom queries as follows:

prom = PrometheusConnect()
my_label_config = {'cluster': 'my_cluster_id', 'label_2': 'label_2_value'}
prom.get_current_metric_value(metric_name='up', label_config=my_label_config)

# Here, we are fetching the values of a particular metric name
prom.custom_query(query="prometheus_http_requests_total")

# Now, lets try to fetch the `sum` of the metrics
prom.custom_query(query="sum(prometheus_http_requests_total)")

We can also use custom queries for fetching the metric data in a specific time interval. For example, let's try to fetch the past 2 days of data for a particular metric in chunks of 1 day:

# Import the required datetime functions
from prometheus_api_client.utils import parse_datetime
from datetime import timedelta

start_time = parse_datetime("2d")
end_time = parse_datetime("now")
chunk_size = timedelta(days=1)

metric_data = prom.get_metric_range_data(
    "up{cluster='my_cluster_id'}",  # this is the metric name and label config
    start_time=start_time,
    end_time=end_time,
    chunk_size=chunk_size,
)

For more functions included in the PrometheusConnect module, refer to this documentation.

Understanding the Metrics Data Fetched

The MetricsList module initializes a list of Metric objects for the metrics fetched from a Prometheus host as a result of a promql query.

# Import the MetricsList and Metric modules
from prometheus_api_client import PrometheusConnect, MetricsList, Metric

prom = PrometheusConnect()
my_label_config = {'cluster': 'my_cluster_id', 'label_2': 'label_2_value'}
metric_data = prom.get_metric_range_data(metric_name='up', label_config=my_label_config)

metric_object_list = MetricsList(metric_data) # metric_object_list will be initialized as
                                              # a list of Metric objects for all the
                                              # metrics downloaded using get_metric query

# We can see what each of the metric objects look like
for item in metric_object_list:
    print(item.metric_name, item.label_config, "\n")

Each of the items in the metric_object_list are initialized as a Metric class object. Let's look at one of the metrics from the metric_object_list to learn more about the Metric class:

my_metric_object = metric_object_list[1] # one of the metrics from the list
print(my_metric_object)

For more functions included in the MetricsList and Metrics module, refer to this documentation.

Additional Metric Functions

The Metric class also supports multiple functions such as adding, equating and plotting various metric objects.

Adding Metrics

You can add add two metric objects for the same time-series as follows:

metric_1 = Metric(metric_data_1)
metric_2 = Metric(metric_data_2)
metric_12 = metric_1 + metric_2 # will add the data in ``metric_2`` to ``metric_1``
                                # so if any other parameters are set in ``metric_1``
                                # will also be set in ``metric_12``
                                # (like ``oldest_data_datetime``)
Equating Metrics

Overloading operator =, to check whether two metrics are the same (are the same time-series regardless of their data)

metric_1 = Metric(metric_data_1)
metric_2 = Metric(metric_data_2)
print(metric_1 == metric_2) # will print True if they belong to the same time-series
Plotting Metric Objects

Plot a very simple line graph for the metric time series:

from prometheus_api_client import PrometheusConnect, MetricsList, Metric

prom = PrometheusConnect()
my_label_config = {'cluster': 'my_cluster_id', 'label_2': 'label_2_value'}
metric_data = prom.get_metric_range_data(metric_name='up', label_config=my_label_config)

metric_object_list = MetricsList(metric_data)
my_metric_object = metric_object_list[1] # one of the metrics from the list
my_metric_object.plot()

Getting Metrics Data as pandas DataFrames

To perform data analysis and manipulation, it is often helpful to have the data represented using a pandas DataFrame. There are two modules in this library that can be used to process the raw metrics fetched into a DataFrame.

The MetricSnapshotDataFrame module converts "current metric value" data to a DataFrame representation, and the MetricRangeDataFrame converts "metric range values" data to a DataFrame representation. Example usage of these classes can be seen below:

import datetime as dt
from prometheus_api_client import PrometheusConnect,  MetricSnapshotDataFrame, MetricRangeDataFrame

prom = PrometheusConnect()
my_label_config = {'cluster': 'my_cluster_id', 'label_2': 'label_2_value'}

# metric current values
metric_data = prom.get_current_metric_value(
    metric_name='up',
    label_config=my_label_config,
)
metric_df = MetricSnapshotDataFrame(metric_data)
metric_df.head()
""" Output:
+-------------------------+-----------------+------------+-------+
| __name__ | cluster      | label_2         | timestamp  | value |
+==========+==============+=================+============+=======+
| up       | cluster_id_0 | label_2_value_2 | 1577836800 | 0     |
+-------------------------+-----------------+------------+-------+
| up       | cluster_id_1 | label_2_value_3 | 1577836800 | 1     |
+-------------------------+-----------------+------------+-------+
"""

# metric values for a range of timestamps
metric_data = prom.get_metric_range_data(
    metric_name='up',
    label_config=my_label_config,
    start_time=(dt.datetime.now() - dt.timedelta(minutes=30)),
    end_time=dt.datetime.now(),
)
metric_df = MetricRangeDataFrame(metric_data)
metric_df.head()
""" Output:
+------------+------------+-----------------+--------------------+-------+
|            |  __name__  | cluster         | label_2            | value |
+-------------------------+-----------------+--------------------+-------+
| timestamp  |            |                 |                    |       |
+============+============+=================+====================+=======+
| 1577836800 | up         | cluster_id_0    | label_2_value_2    | 0     |
+-------------------------+-----------------+--------------------+-------+
| 1577836801 | up         | cluster_id_1    | label_2_value_3    | 1     |
+-------------------------+-----------------+------------=-------+-------+
"""

For more functions included in the prometheus-api-client library, please refer to this documentation.

Running tests

PROM_URL="http://demo.robustperception.io:9090/" pytest

Code Styling and Linting

Prometheus Api client uses pre-commit framework to maintain the code linting and python code styling.
The AICoE-CI would run the pre-commit check on each pull request.
We encourage our contributors to follow the same pattern, while contributing to the code.
we would like to keep the same standard and maintain the code for better quality and readability.

The pre-commit configuration file is present in the repository .pre-commit-config.yaml
It contains the different code styling and linting guide which we use for the application.

we just need to run pre-commit before raising a Pull Request.
Following command can be used to run the pre-commit:
pre-commit run --all-files

If pre-commit is not installed in your system, it can be install with : pip install pre-commit

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