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A process utilities module for Python

Project description

Summary

psutil is a module providing an interface for retrieving information on all running processes and system utilization (CPU, disk, memory) in a portable way by using Python, implementing many functionalities offered by command line tools such as: ps, top, df, kill, free, lsof, free, netstat, ifconfig, nice, ionice, iostato, iotop, uptime, tty.

It currently supports Linux, Windows, OSX and FreeBSD both 32-bit and 64-bit with Python versions from 2.4 to 3.3 by using a single code base.

Example usages

CPU

>>> import psutil
>>> psutil.cpu_times()
cputimes(user=3961.46, nice=169.729, system=2150.659, idle=16900.540,
         iowait=629.509, irq=0.0, softirq=19.422)
>>>
>>> for x in range(3):
...     psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1)
...
4.0
5.9
3.8
>>>
>>> for x in range(3):
...     psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1, percpu=True)
...
[4.0, 6.9]
[7.0, 8.5]
[1.2, 9.0]
>>>

Memory

>>> psutil.phymem_usage()
usage(total=4153868288, used=2854199296, free=1299668992, percent=34.6)
>>> psutil.virtmem_usage()
usage(total=2097147904, used=4096, free=2097143808, percent=0.0)
>>>

Disks

>>> psutil.disk_partitions()
[partition(device='/dev/sda1', mountpoint='/', fstype='ext4'),
 partition(device='/dev/sda2', mountpoint='/home', fstype='ext4')]
>>>
>>> psutil.disk_usage('/')
usage(total=21378641920, used=4809781248, free=15482871808, percent=22.5)
>>>
>>> psutil.disk_io_counters()
iostat(read_count=719566, write_count=1082197, read_bytes=18626220032,
       write_bytes=24081764352, read_time=5023392, write_time=63199568)
>>>

Network

>>> psutil.network_io_counters(pernic=True)
{'lo': iostat(bytes_sent=799953745, bytes_recv=799953745,
              packets_sent=453698, packets_recv=453698),
 'eth0': iostat(bytes_sent=734324837, bytes_recv=4163935363,
                packets_sent=3605828, packets_recv=4096685)}
>>>

Process management

>>> import psutil
>>> psutil.get_pid_list()
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 46, 48, 50, 51, 178, 182, 222, 223, 224,
268, 1215, 1216, 1220, 1221, 1243, 1244, 1301, 1601, 2237, 2355,
2637, 2774, 3932, 4176, 4177, 4185, 4187, 4189, 4225, 4243, 4245,
4263, 4282, 4306, 4311, 4312, 4313, 4314, 4337, 4339, 4357, 4358,
4363, 4383, 4395, 4408, 4433, 4443, 4445, 4446, 5167, 5234, 5235,
5252, 5318, 5424, 5644, 6987, 7054, 7055, 7071]
>>>
>>> p = psutil.Process(7055)
>>> p.name
'python'
>>> p.exe
'/usr/bin/python'
>>> p.getcwd()
'/home/giampaolo'
>>> p.cmdline
['/usr/bin/python', 'main.py']
>>>
>>> str(p.status)
'running'
>>> p.username
'giampaolo'
>>> p.create_time
1267551141.5019531
>>> p.terminal
'/dev/pts/0'
>>>
>>> p.uids
user(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
>>> p.gids
group(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
>>>
>>> p.get_cpu_percent(interval=1.0)
12.1
>>> p.get_memory_percent()
0.63423
>>>
>>> p.get_memory_info()
meminfo(rss=7471104, vms=68513792)
>>> p.get_cpu_times()
cputimes(user=1.02, system=0.31)
>>>
>>> p.get_io_counters()
io(read_count=478001, write_count=59371, read_bytes=700416, write_bytes=69632)
>>>
>>> p.get_open_files()
[openfile(path='/home/giampaolo/svn/psutil/somefile', fd=3)]
>>>
>>> p.get_connections()
[connection(fd=115, family=2, type=1, local_address=('10.0.0.1', 48776),
            remote_address=('93.186.135.91', 80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
 connection(fd=117, family=2, type=1, local_address=('10.0.0.1', 43761),
            remote_address=('72.14.234.100', 80), status='CLOSING'),
 connection(fd=119, family=2, type=1, local_address=('10.0.0.1', 60759),
            remote_address=('72.14.234.104', 80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
 connection(fd=123, family=2, type=1, local_address=('10.0.0.1', 51314),
            remote_address=('72.14.234.83', 443), status='SYN_SENT')]
>>>
>>> p.get_threads()
[thread(id=5234, user_time=22.5, system_time=9.2891),
 thread(id=5235, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
 thread(id=5236, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
 thread(id=5237, user_time=0.0707, system_time=1.1)]
>>>
>>> p.nice
0
>>> p.nice = 10  # set/change process priority
>>> p.nice
10
>>>
>>> p.suspend()
>>> p.resume()
>>>
>>> p.terminate()
>>> p.wait(timeout=3)
0
>>>
>>> psutil.test()
UID       PID %CPU %MEM     VSZ     RSS START     TIME COMMAND
0           0  0.0  0.0       0       0 00:12    00:00 [sched]
0           1  0.0  0.3    1740     600 00:12    00:04 /sbin/init
0           2  0.0  0.0       0       0 00:12    00:00 [kthreadd]
0           3  0.1  0.0       0       0 00:12    00:00 [migration/0]
...
0       13239  0.0  2.6    13604   1044 00:38    00:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
1000    23648  1.1  2.4    12512   2008 14:43    00:06 sshd: user@pts/2
1000    23649  0.0  1.2    5944    3340 14:43    00:00 -bash
0       25926  0.3  1.1    5432    3072 17:55    00:00 -su
0       28655  0.0  1.0    4932    3204 21:58    00:00 python _psutil.py
>>>

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