Skip to main content

A light-weight pure Python GRIB reader

Project description


Pupygrib (pronounced puppy grib and short for PUre PYthon GRIB) is a light-weight pure Python GRIB reader. It's purpose is to extract data from GRIB files with as little effort as possible. The user can then freely choose how to further process the data (read: pupygrib will not help you).


This project is in the alpha phase, which means that many planned features are missing and implemented features are not well tested. It also means that the API may change in future version. The implemented features are:

  • Iterate over and extract the raw fields from GRIB edition 1 messages in a file.
  • Extract simply packed grid-point data values from GRIB edition 1 messages.
  • Extract the coordinates for these values if they are on a latitude/longitude grid.

The planned features are:

  • Be able to easily identify (filter) the messages.
  • Be able to extract the data values for other packings.
  • Be able to extract the coordinates of other grid types.
  • Support for GRIB edition 2.


  • Python 3.7 or later (3.7-3.9 are tested). 3.8 or later is recommended for the better typing support.
  • Numpy 1.15-1.21 are tested with compatible Python versions.


$ pip install pupygrib


To use pupygrib, you will need a good understanding of the GRIB format, especially since table lookups are not yet implemented. ECMWF provides an overview of GRIB edition 1 and edition 2 that can be used as references.

Iterate over the messages in a GRIB file and extract the time, coordinates and values:

>>> import pupygrib
>>> with open('tests/data/regular_latlon_surface.grib1', 'rb') as stream:
...     for i, msg in enumerate(, 1):
...         lons, lats = msg.get_coordinates()
...         time = msg.get_time()
...         values = msg.get_values()
...         print("Message {}: {} {:.3f} {}".format(i, time, values.mean(), lons.shape))
Message 1: 2008-02-06 12:00:00 291.585 (31, 16)

Access a section of a GRIB message and print its fields:

>>> with open('tests/data/regular_latlon_surface.grib1', 'rb') as stream:
...     msg, =
>>> sorted(msg.is_.fieldnames)  # fieldnames is a set, so we can't trust the order
['editionNumber', 'identifier', 'totalLength']
>>> msg[0].totalLength
>>> msg.bitmap is None  # the bit-map section is not included in this message


Pull requests (against the develop branch) are most welcome! I do ask that you add test cases and update the documentation (this README for now) for any new features. Run the code through the auto-formatters black and isort and make sure that all checks (coding style, static type check, unit tests, and the manifest) pass without any warnings or errors. The easiest way to do this is to install the requirements in requirements/dev.txt and run nox:

$ pip install -r requirements/dev.txt
$ nox


Pupygrib is being developed by Mattias Jakobsson at SMHI. It is released under the GNU General Public License v3 or later (GPLv3+).

Change log


  • Fix reading bitmaps were numberOfUnusedBitsAtEndOfSection3 is zero (!3).
  • Use a declarative setuptools configuration. This requires setuptools >= 42.


  • Drop support for Python 3.6.
  • Add official support for numpy 1.20 and 1.21.
  • Add basic type annotations for numpy's data structures.
  • Use PEP 585 and 604 in the type annotations.


  • Add type annotations to the source code.
  • Revise the Message classes to better support typing. The sections of a GRIB message are now rather accessed by name than by index.
  • Add a get_time() method to the message classes.
  • Add official support for Python 3.9.


  • Fix unpacking messages with an odd number of 12-bit values.
  • Add official support for NumPy 1.19


  • Add support for 24 bits per value packing (contributed by @uranix in !1).


  • Fix edge cases in zero-padded GRIB files.
  • Add official support for Python 3.8 and NumPy 1.18.


  • Added support for grib files with zero-padded messages.


  • Disabled universal wheel


  • Dropped support for Python 3.5 and older.
  • Added support for 12 bits per value packing.
  • Moved the code repo to for CI facilities.


  • Fixed a silent overflow error on unpacking simple grid data (PR #1)
  • Formatted the code with the black.


  • Added a filename attribute to Message instances.
  • Added official support for Python 3.6.
  • Changed home page to repo at


  • Initial release.

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

pupygrib-0.9.0.tar.gz (678.3 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

pupygrib-0.9.0-py3-none-any.whl (29.4 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page