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A widget and grid based framework for building command line user interfaces in python.

Project description


A library for creating CUI/TUI interfaces with pre-built widgets in python.

Easily build text-based user interfaces on both Linux and Windows.

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py_cui is a python library meant to simplify writing console user interfaces in python. It relies on curses for terminal rendering, which is traditionally unix-specific, however, you may use the windows-curses module to run py_cui on windows.

The main advantage py_cui has over typical text-based user interface builders is that it relies on widgets and a grid layout manager like most traditional graphical user interfaces. You may define a grid size, and then drop predefined widgets onto it into specific grid locations. Widgets can also be stretched accross multiple grid rows and columns. If you've ever made a Tkinter GUI, you will feel right at home. In addition, py_cui has support for a rich collection of interactive popups such as menus, forms, file dialogs, and more.

If you would like to contribute, feel free to make an issue or pull request after reading through the file.


You may install py_cui via pip (use pip3 if python 2 and 3 are installed side by side)

pip install py-cui

Make sure to run as root/sudo as required. Note that the library is titled py_cui, but the name of the pypi package is py-cui, though in most cases, installing with

pip install py_cui

should work OK.

If you would like to use py_cui directly from source, clone this repository with:

git clone

Then build/install with pip:

cd py_cui
pip install .

If you would like to try it out without installing, first make sure that curses is installed (windows-curses if on windows), and then copy one of the example files into the top directory. You may then simply run it with python3.


Below are some screenshots and gifs of programs written with py_cui. Additional (simpler) examples are available in the examples/ directory of this repository.

py_cui_2048 - A command line version of the classic 2048 game

py_cui_2048 is a demo of using py_cui to build simple CUI games and applications. The entire game was made in under 400 lines of code.

recoverpy - A TUI that allows for recovering lost or deleted files

recoverpy is a utility for recovering files on linux. It will search through every inode to find your requested file block.

pyautogit - A command line interface for managing git repositories

pyautogit is the first larger scale project written in py_cui. Feel free to use it as a guide to programming with py_cui.

Getting started

The easiest way to get set up for developing a full py_cui application is to use the available cookiecutter template. First, install the cookiecutter tool:

pip install cookiecutter

Once it is installed, navigate to the directory in which you would like your projects to live, and run:


This will clone the template, and show prompts for several variables, including project name and description, as well as some developer information. Once it is done, you can enter your project directory, install it with pip, and run it, and you should be able to see a Hello World example:

cd myproject
pip install .

You are now ready to extend this template for your own application!

Writing a PyCUI

Basic usage of py_cui starts with creating a PyCUI object, and specifiying it's grid size. Keep in mind that grid cell height and width will be measured in terminal characters, not pixels, so there is a lower limit on legal grid size, and heights will be smaller values than widths. Create this object with:

root = py_cui.PyCUI(7, 9)

The above line will create a UI with 7 rows and 9 columns. Then, add widgets with the different add commands:

label = root.add_label('Label Text', 0, 0)
button = root.add_button('Button Text', 1, 2, column_span=2, command=my_function)

Finally, start the CUI with


py_cui has support for custom key bindings for both the overview mode and focused mode, popup windows and prompts, color rendering rules, and several useful widgets. For more details on writing py_cui based interfaces, be sure to check on the examples and the documentation here.

Using a PyCUI

There are some basic rules that apply to all py_cui based interfaces. There are three key operating modes - overview mode, focus mode, and popup mode.

Overview Mode

Overview mode is the main control view of the interface. In this mode you use the arrow keys to move between widgets, and you may select widgets with the Enter key. By default, you may also press buttons in this mode, unless auto_focus_buttons is set to false when the CUI was created.

Focus Mode

When in focus mode, you enter into a particular widget (For example a text box.). Each widget has some predefined basic controls, such as arrow keys to scroll in a ScrollMenu. You may also add keybindings to functions for each particular widget. These keybindings will only apply to a widget if it is in focus mode. Enter focus mode by navigating to a widget in overview mode and hitting the Enter key. Return to overview mode from focus mode by pressing Escape.

Popup Mode

Popup mode simply displays a popup over the rest of the UI. Each popup type behaves slightly differently. For example, you may exit an info popup mode by pressing Space, Enter, or Escape, while a loading popup will remain onscreen until whatever operation is being run is terminated.

Unit Tests

py_cui unit tests are written for pytest. Make sure pytest is installed, and simply run


in the root directory to run all unit tests.

Powered by py_cui

Below is a table of python projects developed with the help of py_cui. If you've made something, feel free to make a pull request to add it!

Project Description
pypodcasts A TUI for listening to and managing podcast feeds. (Coming Soon)
pyautogit A command line UI for interfacing with git features for multiple repositories.
recoverpy A CUI for recovering overwritten or deleted data on linux.
py_cui_2048 A CUI version of the classic 2048 game.
unipkg A CUI interface for managing all installed package managers on your system. (In-Progress)
CUIAudioPlayer A TUI for playing back audio files in a variety of formats.
tinypub A console-based ebook reader.
hue-tui A CUI controlling for Philips Hue lights.
mini-radio-player A terminal based radio interface for linux.


BSD 3-Clause License

Copyright (c) 2019-2021, Jakub Wlodek

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