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A eureka client written in python. Support registering your python component to Eureka Server, as well as calling remote services by pulling the the Eureka registry.

Project description

python-eureka-client

PyPI version

Discription

This is an eureka client written in python, you can easily intergrate your python components with spring cloud.

Support Python Version

Python 3.7+

From 0.9.0, python 2 is no longer supported, if you are using python 2, please use version 0.8.10.

Why choose

  • Register your python components to eureka server.
  • Support failover.
  • Support DNS discovery.
  • Send heartbeat to eureka server.
  • Auto unregister from eureka server when your server goes down.
  • Pull registry from eureka server.
  • Easy to use interface to use other REST service.
  • HA when calling other REST service.

How to use

Install

pip install py_eureka_client

Getting Start

This is the easiest way to use this component.

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

your_rest_server_port = 9090
# The flowing code will register your server to eureka server and also start to send heartbeat every 30 seconds
eureka_client.init(eureka_server="http://your-eureka-server-peer1,http://your-eureka-server-peer2",
                   app_name="your_app_name",
                   instance_port=your_rest_server_port)

Then, in your business code, use

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

res = eureka_client.do_service("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path")
print("result of other service" + res)

You can also use the EurekaClient class.

from py_eureka_client.eureka_client import EurekaClient
client = EurekaClient(eureka_server="http://my_eureka_server_peer_1/eureka/v2,http://my_eureka_server_peer_2/eureka/v2", app_name="python_module_1", instance_port=9090)
client.start()
res = client.do_service("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path")
print("result of other service" + res)
# when server is shutted down:
client.stop()

In fact, the init function is a facade of the EurekaClient, it holds a client object behind, you can get that by catching its return value or use eureka_client.get_client() to get it. The init function will automatically start and stop the client while using raw EurekaClient, you must call the start() and stop() method explicitly.

In this document, I will use the facade functions as the example, please note that you can find all the method with the same name in the EurekaClient class.

Registering to Eureka Server

The most common method to will be like:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

your_rest_server_port = 9090
eureka_client.init(eureka_server="http://your-eureka-server-peer1,http://your-eureka-server-peer2",
                                app_name="python_module_1",
                                instance_port=your_rest_server_port)

But if you have deploy your eureka server in several zones, you should specify the eureka_availability_zones parameter.

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client
eureka_client.init(eureka_availability_zones={
                "us-east-1c": "http://ec2-552-627-568-165.compute-1.amazonaws.com:7001/eureka/v2/,http://ec2-368-101-182-134.compute-1.amazonaws.com:7001/eureka/v2/",
                "us-east-1d": "http://ec2-552-627-568-170.compute-1.amazonaws.com:7001/eureka/v2/",
                "us-east-1e": "http://ec2-500-179-285-592.compute-1.amazonaws.com:7001/eureka/v2/"}, 
                zone="us-east-1c",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_port=9090,
                data_center_name="Amazon")

If you are looking for flexibility, you should configure Eureka service URLs using DNS.

For instance, following is a DNS TXT record created in the DNS server that lists the set of available DNS names for a zone.

txt.us-east-1.mydomaintest.netflix.net="us-east-1c.mydomaintest.netflix.net" "us-east-1d.mydomaintest.netflix.net" "us-east-1e.mydomaintest.netflix.net"

Then, you can define TXT records recursively for each zone similar to the following (if more than one hostname per zone, space delimit)

txt.us-east-1c.mydomaintest.netflix.net="ec2-552-627-568-165.compute-1.amazonaws.com" "ec2-368-101-182-134.compute-1.amazonaws.com"
txt.us-east-1d.mydomaintest.netflix.net="ec2-552-627-568-170.compute-1.amazonaws.com"
txt.us-east-1e.mydomaintest.netflix.net="ec2-500-179-285-592.compute-1.amazonaws.com"

And then you can create the client like:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client
eureka_client.init(eureka_domain="mydomaintest.netflix.net",
                region="us-east-1",
                zone="us-east-1c",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_port=9090,
                data_center_name="Amazon")

You can specify the protocol, basic authentication and context path of your eureka server separatly rather than setting it at the URL.

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client
eureka_client.init(eureka_domain="mydomaintest.netflix.net",
                region="us-east-1",
                zone="us-east-1c",
                eureka_protocol="https",
                eureka_basic_auth_user="keijack",
                eureka_basic_auth_password="kjauthpass",
                eureka_context="/eureka/v2",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_port=9090,

or

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client
eureka_client.init(eureka_server="your-eureka-server-peer1,your-eureka-server-peer2",
                eureka_protocol="https",
                eureka_basic_auth_user="keijack",
                eureka_basic_auth_password="kjauthpass",
                eureka_context="/eureka/v2",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_port=9090)

About the instance IP and hostname:

If you are using a Amazon data center, py-eureka-client will try to use local-ipv4 and local-hostname get from Amazon metadata service. In other cases, py-eureka-client will use the first non-loopback ip address and hostname from your net interface.

You can also specify both these tow field or just one of them explicitly:

eureka_client.init(eureka_server="your-eureka-server-peer1,your-eureka-server-peer2",
                eureka_protocol="https",
                eureka_basic_auth_user="keijack",
                eureka_basic_auth_password="kjauthpass",
                eureka_context="/eureka/v2",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_ip="192.168.10.168",
                instance_host="my-py-component.mydomian.com",
                instance_port=9090)

In some case you might have more than one interfaces attached, for example, you are running your application in a docker-container. In this case you can specify a network to be used to get the container's ip and host.

import py_eureka_client.netint_utils as netint_utils

ip, host = netint_utils.get_ip_and_host("192.168.10.0/24")

# you can get the ip only
netint_utils.get_first_non_loopback_ip("192.168.10.0/24")
host = "my-py-component.mydomian.com"

eureka_client.init(eureka_server="your-eureka-server-peer1,your-eureka-server-peer2",
                eureka_protocol="https",
                eureka_basic_auth_user="keijack",
                eureka_basic_auth_password="kjauthpass",
                eureka_context="/eureka/v2",
                app_name="python_module_1", 
                instance_ip=ip,
                instance_host=host,
                instance_port=9090)

Call Remote Service

After init the eureka client, this is the most simplist way to do service:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

try:
    res = eureka_client.do_service("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path")
    print("result of other service" + res)
except urllib.request.HTTPError as e:
    # If all nodes are down, a `HTTPError` will raise.
    print(e)

do_service function also recieve a return_type keyword parameter, which when json was passed, the result will be a dict type object whereas response_object is pass, the original HTTPResponse object will be return. And other parameters are follow the urllib.request.urlopen (urllib2.urlopen in python2) method, including data, etc. Please read the relative document for more information.

You can also use its async version:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

def success_callabck(data):
    # type: (Union[str, dict]) -> object
    # do what you will use of the result.
    print(data)

def error_callback(error):
    # type: (urllib.request.HTTPError) -> object
    # do what you need to do when error occures
    print(error)

eureka_client.do_service_async("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path", on_success=success_callabck, on_error=error_callback)

do_service method will automatically try other nodes when one node return a HTTP error, until one success or all nodes being tried.

If you want to use your own http library to do the request, use walk_nodes function:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

def walk_using_your_own_urllib(url):
    print(url)
    """
    # Connect to url and read result, then return it.
    # The result you return here will be returned to the `eureka_client.walk_nodes` function
    # If you want find this node is down, you can raise a `urllib.request.HTTPError`(urllib2.HTTPError in python2)
    # Then the `eureka_client.walk_nodes` will try to find another node to do the service.
    """

# result is the result that you return in walk_using_your_own_urllib function
try:
    res = eureka_client.walk_nodes("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path", walker=walk_using_your_own_urllib)
    print(res)
except urllib.request.HTTPError as e:
    # If all nodes are down, a `HTTPError` will raise.
    print(e)

A async version is also provied:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

def walk_using_your_own_urllib(url):
    print(url)
    """
    # Connect to url and read result, then return it.
    # The result you return here will be returned to the `eureka_client.walk_nodes` function
    # If provided node is down, you can raise a `urllib.request.HTTPError`(urllib2.HTTPError in python2)
    # Then the `eureka_client.walk_nodes` will try to find another node to do the service.
    """

def success_callabck(data):
    # type: (Union[str, dict]) -> object
    # do what you will use of the result.
    print(data)

def error_callback(error):
    # type: (urllib.request.HTTPError) -> object
    # do what you need to do when error occures
    print(error)

eureka_client.walk_nodes("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME", "/service/context/path",
                          walker=walk_using_your_own_urllib,
                          on_success=success_callabck,
                          on_error=error_callback)

High Available Strategies

There are several HA strategies when using discovery client. They are:

  • HA_STRATEGY_RANDOM, default strategy, find an node randamly.
  • HA_STRATEGY_STICK, use one node until it goes down.
  • HA_STRATEGY_OTHER, always use a different node from the last time.

In your init function, you can specify one of the above strategies:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client
# General init method
eureka_client.init(eureka_server="http://your-eureka-server-peer1,http://your-eureka-server-peer2",
                   app_name="your_app_name",
                   instance_port=your_rest_server_port,
                   ha_strategy=eureka_client.HA_STRATEGY_STICK)

If the build-in stratergies do not satify you, you can load all the registry by following code:

import py_eureka_client.eureka_client as eureka_client

client = eureka_client.get_client()
app = client.applications.get_application("OTHER-SERVICE-NAME")
up_instances = app.up_instances
up_instances_same_zone = app.up_instances_in_zone(client.zone)
up_instances_other_zone = app.up_instances_not_in_zone(client.zone)
inst = up_instances[0]

# ... construct your url and do the service call

Use Other Http Client

You can use other http client to connect to eureka server and other service rather than the build-in urlopen method. It should be useful if you use https connections via self-signed cetificates.

To do this, you should:

  1. Inherit the HttpClient class in py_eureka_client.http_client.
  2. Rewrite the urlopen method in your class.
  3. (Optional) If your urlopen do not return a http.client.HTTPResponse, you should also privide a method to read your response object into text.
  4. Set your class to py_eureka_client.http_client.
import py_eureka_client.http_client as http_client

# 1. Inherit the `HttpClient` class in `py_eureka_client.http_client`.
class MyHttpClient(http_client.HttpClient):

    # If you have some appended fields, please do not change the constructor, use *args, **kwargs is a good idea.
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(*args, **kw)
        self.other_field = "..."

    # 2. Rewrite the `urlopen` method in your class.
    # If you want to raise an exception, please make sure that the exception is an `urllib.error.HTTPError` or `urllib.error.URLError`
    # (urllib2.HTTPError or urllib2.URLError in python 2), or it may cause some un-handled errors.
    def urlopen(self):
        # The flowing code is the default implementation, you can see what fields you can use. you can change your implementation here
        return urllib.request.urlopen(self.request, data=self.data, timeout=self.timeout,
                                     cafile=self.cafile, capath=self.capath,
                                     cadefault=self.cadefault, context=self.context)

    # 3. Optional, provide a `read_response_body` method to read your response object body to string.
    def read_response_body(self, res) -> str:
        if res.info().get("Content-Encoding") == "gzip":
            f = gzip.GzipFile(fileobj=res)
        else:
            f = res

        txt = f.read().decode(_DEFAULT_ENCODING)
        f.close()
        return txt


# 4. Set your class to `py_eureka_client.http_client`. 
http_client.set_http_client_class(MyHttpClient)

You can find an example in this issue

Logger

The default logger is try to write logs to the screen, you can specify the logger handler to write it to a file.

import py_eureka_client.logger as logger
import logging

_formatter = logging.Formatter(fmt='[%(asctime)s]-[%(name)s]-%(levelname)-4s: %(message)s')
_handler = logging.TimedRotatingFileHandler("/var/log/py-eureka-client.log", when="midnight", backupCount=7)
_handler.setFormatter(_formatter)
_handler.setLevel("INFO")

logger.set_handler(_handler)

If you want to add a handler rather than replace the inner one, you can use:

logger.add_handler(_handler)

If you want to change the logger level:

logger.set_level("DEBUG")

This logger will first save all the log record to a global queue, and then output them in a background thread, so it is very suitable for getting several logger with a same handler, especialy the TimedRotatingFileHandler which may slice the log files not quite well in a mutiple thread environment.

Amazon Data Center Support

This component should support deploying in Amazone EC2, it should automatically load metadata from Amazon metadata service. All the metadata keys come from com.netflix.appinfo.AmazonInfo in Netflix's java client. BUT for the reason that I have no amazon environment to test, it may not work. If errors occurs, please submit an issue and provide some detail logs, I will try to fix it as far as I can. If it works, a reply in this issue is wellcomed.

More Infomation

You can find more information in the project comments.

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