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GraphQL implementation for Python

Project description


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py-gql is a GraphQL implementation of for Python aimed at creating GraphQL servers.

It supports:

  • Parsing the GraphQL query language and schema definition language
  • Building a GraphQL type schema programatically and from Schema Definition files (including support for schema directives)
  • Validating and Executing a GraphQL request against a type schema

Quick links


pip install py-gql

For more details see install.rst.

Usage & Examples

Hello World

from py_gql import graphql
from import make_executable_schema

schema = make_executable_schema("""
type Query {
    hello: String!

assert graphql(schema, "{ hello }", initial_value={"hello": "world"}).response() == {
    "data": {
        "hello": "world"
  • See the User Guide
  • You can refer to the tests for some simple usage examples
  • Some more involved examples are available in the examples folder.

Goals & Status

This project was initially born as an experiment / learning project following some frustration with with graphql-core and Graphene we encountered at work.

The main goals were to:

  • Get a deeper understanding of the GraphQL specification and available implementations.
  • Provide an alternative to graphql-core that:
    • tracks the lastest version of the GraphQL specification
    • does not strictly attempt to track the reference javascript implementation
    • (subjective) attempts to be a bit more usable for our use cases, the ideal result would sit somewhere in between Graphene and graphql-core
  • Make it easier for us to build / include some extra tooling such as custom tracing, custom validation and SDL based tools.
  • Maintain Python 2.7 compatibility due to work projects still running it.

Note: The graphql-core-next project is currently working on providing a more up to date alternative to graphql-core. Importantly for us it tracks the specification and includes SDL based schema creation; however it is Python 3+ only for now and aims at closely tracking the JS implementation.

Current status

So far every aspect of the library that is necessary for us to start using it in production has been implemented; the most notable ommission being subscribtions. For a more detailled roadmap of what remains to be done before calling this a v1, see Issue #1.

  • This library has been written from scratch but it uses ideas from both graphql-js (built and maintained by Facebook) and graphql-core (built and maintained by Syrus Akbary). While some implementation and design choices are very similar to this prior work, this will most likely diverge in the future.
  • The test suite is quite extensive and largely based on the graphql-js's test suite
  • Supported Python versions are currently 2.7 and 3.5+ on CPython. I'd like to confirm support for PyPy but haven't had time to test it properly yet as I don't regularly use it.

Development setup

Make sure you are using Python 3.6+.

Clone this repo and create a virtualenv before installing the development dependencies:

git clone
python -m venv $WORKON_HOME/py-gql --copies
pip install -r dev-requirements.txt

From there, most development tasks are available through invoke.

Use inv -l to list all available tasks and inv {TASKS} --help to get help on a specific task.

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