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An unofficial python wrapper for the SBB api.

Project description

pySBB

This is an unofficial python wrapper for the SBB API. SBB stands for the "Schweizerische Bundes Bahnen" (Swiss Federal Transport).

Installation

pip3 install pySBB

Usage

This package lets you access the SBB api easily. Here is how to use it:

Get Connections

It is very simple to get connections between two stations:

import pySBB

connections = pySBB.get_connections("Zürich", "Bern")
for c in connections:
	print(c)

Example Output:

Zürich HB (18:32, Plat. 32) -> Bern (19:28, Plat. 32) | 56min
Zürich HB (19:02, Plat. 31) -> Bern (19:58, Plat. 31) | 56min
Zürich HB (19:32, Plat. 32) -> Bern (20:28, Plat. 32) | 56min
Zürich HB (20:02, Plat. 31) -> Bern (20:58, Plat. 31) | 56min

Further parameters (see connections) for more info:

  • via: Specifies up to five via locations.
  • date: Date of the connection, in the format YYYY-MM-DD
  • time: Time of the connection, in the format hh:mm
  • isArrivalTime: Defaults to False, if set to True the passed date and time is the arrival time
  • transportations: Transportation means; one or more of train, tram, ship, bus, cableway
  • limit: 1 - 16. Specifies the number of connections to return. If several connections depart at the same time they are counted as 1.
  • page: 0 - 3. Allows pagination of connections. Zero-based, so first page is 0, second is 1, third is 2 and so on.
  • direct: defaults to False, if set to True only direct connections are allowed
  • sleeper: defaults to False, if set to True only direct connections are allowed
  • couchette: defaults to False, if set to True only night trains containing couchettes are allowed, implies direct=True
  • bike: defaults to False, if set to True only trains allowing the transport of bicycles are allowed
  • accessibility: Possible values are independent_boarding, assisted_boarding, and advanced_notice

Get Locations

The api allows you to find locations such as train stations, addresses and other point of interests (eg. Clock Tower or China Garden)

import pySBB

locations = pySBB.get_locations(query="Lidostrasse 5 Luzern")
for l in locations:
    print(l)

Example Output:

Luzern, Lidostr. 5
Verkehrshaus der Schweiz, Luzern, Lidostr. 5
Restaurant Piccard im Verkehrshaus der Schweiz, Luzern, Lidostr. 5
...

Further parameters (see locations for more info:

  • query: Specifies the location name to search for
  • x: Latitude
  • y: Longitude
  • type: Only with query parameter. Specifies the location type, possible types are:
    • all (default): Looks up for all types of locations
    • station: Looks up for stations (eg. train station, bus station)
    • poi: Looks up for points of interest (eg. Clock tower, China garden)
    • address: Looks up for an address (eg. Zurich Bahnhofstrasse 33)

Get Stationboards

Stationboards are the big blue boards that can be seen at trainstations. These are also available via the api.

import pySBB

entries = pySBB.get_stationboard("Lugano")
for e in entries:
    print(e)

Example Output:

Lugano (18:51, Plat. 2) -> Chiasso
Lugano (18:55, Plat. 4) -> Bellinzona
Lugano (19:05, Plat. 2) -> Chiasso
Lugano (19:22, Plat. 2) -> Monza
Lugano (19:25, Plat. 4) -> Bellinzona
...

Further parameters (see stationboard) for more info:

  • id: The id of the station whose stationboard should be returned. Overwrites to the station parameter.
  • limit: Number of departing connections to return.
  • transportations: Transportation means; one or more of train, tram, ship, bus, cableway
  • date: Date of departing connections, in the format YYYY-MM-DD
  • time: Time of departing connections, in the format hh:mm
  • type: departure (default) or arrival

Objects

The objects are the same as the ones used by the API, which are documented here

The only difference is that any strings containing times or durations have been converted to datetime objects.

Sometimes it can also help to look at the unprocessed data returned by the API, in order to figure out how the classes are structured. The unprocessed data is stored for every Object in the _data parameter and can be accessed like this (I also used the json module to format the dictionary nicely with indentations)

import pySBB
import json
entry = pySBB.get_stationboard("Lugano", limit=1)[0]

print(json.dumps(entry._data, indent=1))

Further Examples

Get all transfer stations

The following code lets you see all transfer stations for a given connection

import pySBB

connection = pySBB.get_connections("Mauraz", "Amriswil", limit=1)[0]

print(connection)
for section in connection.sections:
    print("   {}".format(section))
Mauraz (11:48) -> Amriswil (16:05, Plat. 33) | 4h 17min
   Mauraz (11:48) -> Pampigny-Sévery (12:04)
   Pampigny-Sévery (12:04) -> L'Isle (12:13)
   L'Isle (12:13) -> L'Isle, gare (12:15)
   L'Isle, gare (12:15) -> Cossonay-Penthalaz, gare (12:35)
   Cossonay-Penthalaz, gare (12:35) -> Cossonay-Penthalaz (12:37)
   Cossonay-Penthalaz (12:37, Plat. 1) -> Yverdon-les-Bains (13:00, Plat. 1)
   Yverdon-les-Bains (13:00, Plat. 1) -> Zürich HB (14:56, Plat. 13)
   Zürich HB (14:56, Plat. 33) -> Amriswil (16:05, Plat. 2)

Get passed stations with coordinates

The following code prints all station names that are passed, together with its coordinates.

import pySBB

connection = pySBB.get_connections("Brugg", "Basel", limit=1)[0]

print(connection)
for section in connection.sections:
    for passList in section.journey.passList:
        station = passList.station
        print("   {} {}".format(station.name, station.coordinate))
Brugg AG (11:41, Plat. 2) -> Basel SBB (12:24, Plat. 2) | 43min
   Brugg AG (47.48085, 8.208829)
   Frick (47.507341, 8.01309)
   Rheinfelden (47.551208, 7.792162)
   Basel SBB (47.547403, 7.589577)

Get all follwing station for first stationboard entry

The following code prints all stations of the first ship departing from "Luzern Bahnhofquai" at a given date:

import pySBB

entry = pySBB.get_stationboard("Luzern Bahnhofquai", transportations="ship", datetime="2019-10-10 12:00", limit=1)[0]

print(entry)
for passList in entry.passList:
    print("   {}".format(passList))
Luzern Bahnhofquai (12:00, Plat. 1) -> Vitznau
   Verkehrshaus-Lido (12:10)
   Hertenstein (See) (12:30)
   Weggis (12:40)
   Vitznau (12:54)

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