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A library of algorithms for the baseline correction of experimental data.

Project description

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pybaselines is a library of algorithms for the baseline correction of experimental data.


pybaselines is a Python library that provides many different algorithms for performing baseline correction on data from experimental techniques such as Raman, FTIR, NMR, XRD, XRF, PIXE, etc. The aim of the project is to provide a semi-unified API to allow quickly testing and comparing multiple baseline correction algorithms to find the best one for a set of data.

pybaselines has 50+ baseline correction algorithms. These include popular algorithms, such as AsLS, airPLS, ModPoly, and SNIP, as well as many lesser known algorithms. Most algorithms are adapted directly from literature, although there are a few that are unique to pybaselines, such as penalized spline versions of Whittaker-smoothing-based algorithms. The full list of implemented algorithms can be found in the documentation.


Stable Release

pybaselines can be installed from pypi using pip, by running the following command in the terminal:

pip install pybaselines

pybaselines can alternatively be installed from the conda-forge channel using conda by running:

conda install -c conda-forge pybaselines

Development Version

The sources for pybaselines can be downloaded from the GitHub repo. To install the current version of pybaselines from GitHub, run:

pip install git+


pybaselines requires Python version 3.8 or later and the following libraries:

All of the required libraries should be automatically installed when installing pybaselines using any of the installation methods above.

The optional dependencies for pybaselines are listed in the documentation . To also install the optional dependencies when installing pybaselines with pip, run:

pip install pybaselines[full]

If installing with conda, the optional dependencies have to be specified manually.

Quick Start

To use the various functions in pybaselines, simply input the measured data and any required parameters. All baseline correction functions in pybaselines will output two items: a numpy array of the calculated baseline and a dictionary of potentially useful parameters. The main interface for all baseline correction algorithms in pybaselines is through the Baseline object for one dimensional data and Baseline2D for two dimensional data.

For more details on each baseline algorithm, refer to the algorithms section of pybaselines’s documentation. For examples of their usage, refer to the examples section.

A simple example is shown below.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from pybaselines import Baseline, utils

x = np.linspace(1, 1000, 1000)
# a measured signal containing several Gaussian peaks
signal = (
    utils.gaussian(x, 4, 120, 5)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 5, 220, 12)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 5, 350, 10)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 7, 400, 8)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 4, 550, 6)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 5, 680, 14)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 4, 750, 12)
    + utils.gaussian(x, 5, 880, 8)
# exponentially decaying baseline
true_baseline = 2 + 10 * np.exp(-x / 400)
noise = np.random.default_rng(1).normal(0, 0.2, x.size)

y = signal + true_baseline + noise

baseline_fitter = Baseline(x_data=x)

bkg_1, params_1 = baseline_fitter.modpoly(y, poly_order=3)
bkg_2, params_2 = baseline_fitter.asls(y, lam=1e7, p=0.02)
bkg_3, params_3 = baseline_fitter.mor(y, half_window=30)
bkg_4, params_4 = baseline_fitter.snip(
    y, max_half_window=40, decreasing=True, smooth_half_window=3

plt.plot(x, y, label='raw data', lw=1.5)
plt.plot(x, true_baseline, lw=3, label='true baseline')
plt.plot(x, bkg_1, '--', label='modpoly')
plt.plot(x, bkg_2, '--', label='asls')
plt.plot(x, bkg_3, '--', label='mor')
plt.plot(x, bkg_4, '--', label='snip')


The above code will produce the image shown below.

various baselines


Contributions are welcomed and greatly appreciated. For information on submitting bug reports, pull requests, or general feedback, please refer to the contributing guide.


Refer to the changelog for information on pybaselines’s changes.


pybaselines is open source and freely available under the BSD 3-clause license. For more information, refer to the license.


If you use pybaselines for published research, please consider citing by following the guidelines in the documentation.


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