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A fast implementation of Bloom filter for Python 3 built on mmap

Project description


pybloomfiltermmap3 is a Python 3 compatible fork of pybloomfiltermmap by @axiak.

The goal of pybloomfiltermmap3 is simple: to provide a fast, simple, scalable, correct library for Bloom filters in Python.

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Why pybloomfiltermmap3?

There are a couple reasons to use this module:

  • It natively uses mmaped files.
  • It is fast (see benchmarks).
  • It natively does the set things you want a Bloom filter to do.


After you install, the interface to use is a cross between a file interface and an ste interface. As an example:

    >>> import pybloomfilter
    >>> fruit = pybloomfilter.BloomFilter(100000, 0.1, '/tmp/words.bloom')
    >>> fruit.update(('apple', 'pear', 'orange', 'apple'))
    >>> len(fruit)
    >>> 'mike' in fruit
    >>> 'apple' in fruit

To create an in-memory filter, simply omit the file location:

    >>> cakes = pybloomfilter.BloomFilter(10000, 0.1)

Caveat: it is currently not possible to persist this filter later.


Current docs are available at


To install:

    $ pip install pybloomfiltermmap3

and you should be set.

Note to Python 2 to < 3.5 users

This library is specifically meant for Python 3.5 and above. As of 2020, we strongly advise you to switch to an actively maintained distribution of Python 3. If for any reason your current environment is restricted to Python 2, please see pybloomfiltermmap. Please note that the latter is not actively maintained and will lack bug fixes and new features.

History and Future

pybloomfiltermmap is an excellent Bloom filter implementation for Python 2 by @axiak and contributors. I, @prashnts, made initial changes to add support for Python 3 sometime in 2016 as the current pybloomfiltermmap3 on PyPI. Since then, with the help of contributors, there have been incremental improvements and bug fixes while maintaining the API from versions 0.4.x and below.

Some new features and changes were first introduced in version 0.5.0. From this point on, the goal is to reach stability, as well as add a few more APIs to expand upon the use cases. While we can't guarantee that we won't change the current interface, the transition from versions 0.4.x and below should be quick one liners. Please open an issue if we broke your build!

Suggestions, bug reports, and / or patches are welcome!

Contributions and development

When contributing, you should set up an appropriate Python 3 environment and install the dependencies listed in requirements-dev.txt. Package installation depends on a generated pybloomfilter.c file, which requires Cython module to be in your current environment.



See the LICENSE file. It's under the MIT License.

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