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A wrapper library to read, manipulate and write data in xlsx and xlsmformat

Project description

================================================================================
pyexcel-xlsx - Let you focus on data, instead of xlsx format
================================================================================

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**pyexcel-xlsx** is a tiny wrapper library to read, manipulate and write data in xlsx and xlsm format using `read_only` mode reader, `write_only` mode writer from openpyxl. You are likely to use it with `pyexcel <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel>`__.

Please note:

1. `auto_detect_int` flag will not take effect because openpyxl detect integer in python 3 by default.
2. `skip_hidden_row_and_column` will get a penalty where `read_only` mode cannot be used.



Known constraints
==================

Fonts, colors and charts are not supported.

Installation
================================================================================


You can install pyexcel-xlsx via pip:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pip install pyexcel-xlsx


or clone it and install it:

.. code-block:: bash

$ git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx.git
$ cd pyexcel-xlsx
$ python setup.py install

Support the project
================================================================================

If your company has embedded pyexcel and its components into a revenue generating
product, please support me on `patreon <https://www.patreon.com/bePatron?u=5537627>`_
or `bounty source <https://salt.bountysource.com/teams/chfw-pyexcel>`_ to maintain
the project and develop it further.

If you are an individual, you are welcome to support me too and for however long
you feel like. As my backer, you will receive
`early access to pyexcel related contents <https://www.patreon.com/pyexcel/posts>`_.

And your issues will get prioritized if you would like to become my patreon as `pyexcel pro user`.

With your financial support, I will be able to invest
a little bit more time in coding, documentation and writing interesting posts.


Usage
================================================================================

As a standalone library
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Write to an xlsx file
********************************************************************************



Here's the sample code to write a dictionary to an xlsx file:

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyexcel_xlsx import save_data
>>> data = OrderedDict() # from collections import OrderedDict
>>> data.update({"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]})
>>> data.update({"Sheet 2": [["row 1", "row 2", "row 3"]]})
>>> save_data("your_file.xlsx", data)


Read from an xlsx file
********************************************************************************

Here's the sample code:

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyexcel_xlsx import get_data
>>> data = get_data("your_file.xlsx")
>>> import json
>>> print(json.dumps(data))
{"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], "Sheet 2": [["row 1", "row 2", "row 3"]]}


Write an xlsx to memory
********************************************************************************

Here's the sample code to write a dictionary to an xlsx file:

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyexcel_xlsx import save_data
>>> data = OrderedDict()
>>> data.update({"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]})
>>> data.update({"Sheet 2": [[7, 8, 9], [10, 11, 12]]})
>>> io = StringIO()
>>> save_data(io, data)
>>> # do something with the io
>>> # In reality, you might give it to your http response
>>> # object for downloading




Read from an xlsx from memory
********************************************************************************

Continue from previous example:

.. code-block:: python

>>> # This is just an illustration
>>> # In reality, you might deal with xlsx file upload
>>> # where you will read from requests.FILES['YOUR_XLSX_FILE']
>>> data = get_data(io)
>>> print(json.dumps(data))
{"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], "Sheet 2": [[7, 8, 9], [10, 11, 12]]}


Pagination feature
********************************************************************************



Let's assume the following file is a huge xlsx file:

.. code-block:: python

>>> huge_data = [
... [1, 21, 31],
... [2, 22, 32],
... [3, 23, 33],
... [4, 24, 34],
... [5, 25, 35],
... [6, 26, 36]
... ]
>>> sheetx = {
... "huge": huge_data
... }
>>> save_data("huge_file.xlsx", sheetx)

And let's pretend to read partial data:

.. code-block:: python

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx", start_row=2, row_limit=3)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[3, 23, 33], [4, 24, 34], [5, 25, 35]]}

And you could as well do the same for columns:

.. code-block:: python

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx", start_column=1, column_limit=2)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[21, 31], [22, 32], [23, 33], [24, 34], [25, 35], [26, 36]]}

Obvious, you could do both at the same time:

.. code-block:: python

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx",
... start_row=2, row_limit=3,
... start_column=1, column_limit=2)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[23, 33], [24, 34], [25, 35]]}

As a pyexcel plugin
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

No longer, explicit import is needed since pyexcel version 0.2.2. Instead,
this library is auto-loaded. So if you want to read data in xlsx format,
installing it is enough.


Reading from an xlsx file
********************************************************************************

Here is the sample code:

.. code-block:: python

>>> import pyexcel as pe
>>> sheet = pe.get_book(file_name="your_file.xlsx")
>>> sheet
Sheet 1:
+---+---+---+
| 1 | 2 | 3 |
+---+---+---+
| 4 | 5 | 6 |
+---+---+---+
Sheet 2:
+-------+-------+-------+
| row 1 | row 2 | row 3 |
+-------+-------+-------+


Writing to an xlsx file
********************************************************************************

Here is the sample code:

.. code-block:: python

>>> sheet.save_as("another_file.xlsx")


Reading from a IO instance
********************************************************************************

You got to wrap the binary content with stream to get xlsx working:

.. code-block:: python

>>> # This is just an illustration
>>> # In reality, you might deal with xlsx file upload
>>> # where you will read from requests.FILES['YOUR_XLSX_FILE']
>>> xlsxfile = "another_file.xlsx"
>>> with open(xlsxfile, "rb") as f:
... content = f.read()
... r = pe.get_book(file_type="xlsx", file_content=content)
... print(r)
...
Sheet 1:
+---+---+---+
| 1 | 2 | 3 |
+---+---+---+
| 4 | 5 | 6 |
+---+---+---+
Sheet 2:
+-------+-------+-------+
| row 1 | row 2 | row 3 |
+-------+-------+-------+


Writing to a StringIO instance
********************************************************************************

You need to pass a StringIO instance to Writer:

.. code-block:: python

>>> data = [
... [1, 2, 3],
... [4, 5, 6]
... ]
>>> io = StringIO()
>>> sheet = pe.Sheet(data)
>>> io = sheet.save_to_memory("xlsx", io)
>>> # then do something with io
>>> # In reality, you might give it to your http response
>>> # object for downloading


License
================================================================================

New BSD License

Developer guide
==================

Development steps for code changes

#. git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx.git
#. cd pyexcel-xlsx

Upgrade your setup tools and pip. They are needed for development and testing only:

#. pip install --upgrade setuptools pip

Then install relevant development requirements:

#. pip install -r rnd_requirements.txt # if such a file exists
#. pip install -r requirements.txt
#. pip install -r tests/requirements.txt

Once you have finished your changes, please provide test case(s), relevant documentation
and update CHANGELOG.rst.

.. note::

As to rnd_requirements.txt, usually, it is created when a dependent
library is not released. Once the dependecy is installed
(will be released), the future
version of the dependency in the requirements.txt will be valid.


How to test your contribution
------------------------------

Although `nose` and `doctest` are both used in code testing, it is adviable that unit tests are put in tests. `doctest` is incorporated only to make sure the code examples in documentation remain valid across different development releases.

On Linux/Unix systems, please launch your tests like this::

$ make

On Windows systems, please issue this command::

> test.bat

How to update test environment and update documentation
---------------------------------------------------------

Additional steps are required:

#. pip install moban
#. git clone https://github.com/moremoban/setupmobans.git # generic setup
#. git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-commons.git commons
#. make your changes in `.moban.d` directory, then issue command `moban`

What is pyexcel-commons
---------------------------------

Many information that are shared across pyexcel projects, such as: this developer guide, license info, etc. are stored in `pyexcel-commons` project.

What is .moban.d
---------------------------------

`.moban.d` stores the specific meta data for the library.

Acceptance criteria
-------------------

#. Has Test cases written
#. Has all code lines tested
#. Passes all Travis CI builds
#. Has fair amount of documentation if your change is complex
#. Please update CHANGELOG.rst
#. Please add yourself to CONTRIBUTORS.rst
#. Agree on NEW BSD License for your contribution



Change log
================================================================================

0.5.6 - 26.03.2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#24 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/24>`_, remove deprecated
warning from merged_cell_ranges and get_sheet_by_name

0.5.5 - 18.12.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#22 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/22>`_, to detect merged
cell in xlsx - fast tracked patreon request.

0.5.4 - 2.11.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. Align the behavior of skip_hidden_row_and_column. Default it to True.

0.5.3 - 2.11.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#20 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/20>`_, skip hidden rows
and columns under 'skip_hidden_row_and_column' flag.

0.5.2 - 23.10.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. pyexcel `pyexcel#105 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel/issues/105>`_,
remove gease from setup_requires, introduced by 0.5.1.
#. remove python2.6 test support
#. update its dependecy on pyexcel-io to 0.5.3

0.5.1 - 20.10.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `pyexcel#103 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel/issues/103>`_, include
LICENSE file in MANIFEST.in, meaning LICENSE file will appear in the released
tar ball.

0.5.0 - 30.08.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. put dependency on pyexcel-io 0.5.0, which uses cStringIO instead of StringIO.
Hence, there will be performance boost in handling files in memory.

Removed
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#18 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/18>`_, is handled in
pyexcel-io

0.4.2 - 25.08.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#18 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/18>`_, handle unseekable
stream given by http response

0.4.1 - 16.07.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Removed
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. Removed useless code

0.4.0 - 19.06.2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#14 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/14>`_, close file handle
#. pyexcel-io plugin interface now updated to use `lml
<https://github.com/chfw/lml>`_.

0.3.0 - 22.12.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. Code refactoring with pyexcel-io v 0.3.0
#. `#13 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/13>`_, turn read_only
flag on openpyxl.

0.2.3 - 05.11.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#12 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/12>`_, remove
UserWarning: Using a coordinate with ws.cell is deprecated. Use
ws[coordinate]

0.2.2 - 31.08.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. support pagination. two pairs: start_row, row_limit and start_column,
column_limit help you deal with large files.

0.2.1 - 12.07.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. `#8 <https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsx/issues/8>`__,
`skip_hidden_sheets` is added. By default, hidden sheets are skipped when
reading all sheets. Reading sheet by name or by index are not affected.

0.2.0 - 01.06.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. 'library=pyexcel-xlsx' was added to inform pyexcel to use it instead of other
libraries, in the situation where there are more than one plugin for a file
type, e.g. xlsm

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. support the auto-import feature of pyexcel-io 0.2.0

0.1.0 - 17.01.2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. Passing "streaming=True" to get_data, you will get the two dimensional array
as a generator
#. Passing "data=your_generator" to save_data is acceptable too.

Updated
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#. compatibility with pyexcel-io 0.1.0

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