Hidden alignment conditional random field, a discriminative string edit distance
Hidden alignment conditional random field for classifying string pairs - a learnable edit distance.
This package aims to implement the HACRF machine learning model with a sklearn-like interface. It includes ways to fit a model to training examples and score new example.
The model takes string pairs as input and classify them into any number of classes. In McCallum’s original paper the model was applied to the database deduplication problem. Each database entry was paired with every other entry and the model then classified whether the pair was a ‘match’ or a ‘mismatch’ based on training examples of matches and mismatches.
I also tried to use it as learnable string edit distance for normalizing noisy text. See A Conditional Random Field for Discriminatively-trained Finite-state String Edit Distance by McCallum, Bellare, and Pereira, and the report Conditional Random Fields for Noisy text normalisation by Dirko Coetsee.
from pyhacrf import StringPairFeatureExtractor, Hacrf training_X = [('helloooo', 'hello'), # Matching examples ('h0me', 'home'), ('krazii', 'crazy'), ('non matching string example', 'no really'), # Non-matching examples ('and another one', 'yep')] training_y = ['match', 'match', 'match', 'non-match', 'non-match'] # Extract features feature_extractor = StringPairFeatureExtractor(match=True, numeric=True) training_X_extracted = feature_extractor.fit_transform(training_X) # Train model model = Hacrf(l2_regularization=1.0) model.fit(training_X_extracted, training_y) # Evaluate from sklearn.metrics import confusion_matrix predictions = model.predict(training_X_extracted) print(confusion_matrix(training_y, predictions)) > [[0 3] > [2 0]] print(model.predict_proba(training_X_extracted)) > [[ 0.94914812 0.05085188] > [ 0.92397711 0.07602289] > [ 0.86756034 0.13243966] > [ 0.05438812 0.94561188] > [ 0.02641275 0.97358725]]
This package depends on numpy. The LBFGS optimizer in pylbfgs is used, but alternative optimizers can be passed.
Install by running:
python setup.py install
or from pypi:
pip install pyhacrf
Clone from repository, then
pip install -r requirements.txt cython pyhacrf/*.pyx python setup.py install
To deploy to pypi, make sure you have compiled the *.pyx files to *.c
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