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Async library to fetch JWKs for JWT tokens

Project description


GitHub Workflow Status Code style: black PyPI PyPI - Python Version License: BSD 3-Clause

Async library to fetch JWKs for JWT tokens.

This library is intended to be used together with PyJWT to automatically verify keys signed by OpenID Connect providers. It retrieves the iss (issuer) and the kid (key ID) from the JWT, fetches the .well-known/openid-configuration from the issuer to find out the jwks_uri and fetches that to find the right key.

This should give similar ability to verify keys as for example, where you can just paste in a token, and it will automatically reach out and retrieve the key for you.

The AsyncKeyFetcher provided by this library acts as an improved async replacement for PyJWKClient.


The package is available on PyPI:

pip install pyjwt-key-fetcher



import asyncio

import jwt

from pyjwt_key_fetcher import AsyncKeyFetcher

async def main():
    fetcher = AsyncKeyFetcher()
    # Token and options copied from
    token = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6Ik5FRTFRVVJCT1RNNE16STVSa0ZETlRZeE9UVTFNRGcyT0Rnd1EwVXpNVGsxUWpZeVJrUkZRdyJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJodHRwczovL2Rldi04N2V2eDlydS5hdXRoMC5jb20vIiwic3ViIjoiYVc0Q2NhNzl4UmVMV1V6MGFFMkg2a0QwTzNjWEJWdENAY2xpZW50cyIsImF1ZCI6Imh0dHBzOi8vZXhwZW5zZXMtYXBpIiwiaWF0IjoxNTcyMDA2OTU0LCJleHAiOjE1NzIwMDY5NjQsImF6cCI6ImFXNENjYTc5eFJlTFdVejBhRTJINmtEME8zY1hCVnRDIiwiZ3R5IjoiY2xpZW50LWNyZWRlbnRpYWxzIn0.PUxE7xn52aTCohGiWoSdMBZGiYAHwE5FYie0Y1qUT68IHSTXwXVd6hn02HTah6epvHHVKA2FqcFZ4GGv5VTHEvYpeggiiZMgbxFrmTEY0csL6VNkX1eaJGcuehwQCRBKRLL3zKmA5IKGy5GeUnIbpPHLHDxr-GXvgFzsdsyWlVQvPX2xjeaQ217r2PtxDeqjlf66UYl6oY6AqNS8DH3iryCvIfCcybRZkc_hdy-6ZMoKT6Piijvk_aXdm7-QQqKJFHLuEqrVSOuBqqiNfVrG27QzAPuPOxvfXTVLXL2jek5meH6n-VWgrBdoMFH93QEszEDowDAEhQPHVs0xj7SIzA"
    key_entry = await fetcher.get_key(token)
    token = jwt.decode(
        options={"verify_exp": False},

if __name__ == "__main__":


Limiting issuers

You can limit the issuers you allow fetching keys from by setting the valid_issuers when creating the AsyncKeyFetcher, like this:


Adjusting caching

The AsyncKeyFetcher will by default cache data for up to 32 different issuers with a TTL of 3600 seconds (1 hour) each. This means that in case of key-revocation, the key will be trusted for up to 1 hour after it was removed from the JWKs.

If a previously unseen kid for an already seen issuer is seen, it will trigger a re-fetch of the JWKs, provided they have not been fetched in the past 5 minutes, in order to rather quickly react to new keys being published.

The amount of issuers to cache data for, as well as the cache time for the data can be adjusted like this:

AsyncKeyFetcher(cache_maxsize=10, cache_ttl=2*60*60)

The minimum interval for checking for new keys can for now not be adjusted.

Loading configuration from a custom path

You can change from which path the configuration is loaded from the issuer (iss). By default, the configuration is assumed to be an OpenID Connect configuration and to be loaded from /.well-known/openid-configuration. As long as the configuration contains a jwks_uri you can change the configuration to be loaded from a custom path.

You can override the config path when creating the AsyncKeyFetcher like this:


Using static configuration

If you use an issuer that does not provide a configuration (they are for example missing the /.well-known/openid-configuration), you can create a static configuration to use for that issuer instead and in it specify the jwks_uri like this:

        "": {
            "jwks_uri": "",

Using your own HTTP Client

The library ships with a DefaultHTTPClient that uses aiohttp for fetching the JSON data; the openid-configuration and the jwks. If you want, you can write your own custom client by inheriting from the HTTPClient. The only requirement is that it implements an async function to fetch JSON from a given URL and return it as a dictionary.

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