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# pyorderby

Python key functions for multi-field ordering in SQL ORDER BY fashion

[![image]]

Meant to be used with built-in `sorted()` *key function*.

Supports also `list.sort()` doing *in-place sorting*.

Implementation uses `operator.itemgetter()` + some internal helper classes to allow descending sorting order.

So far this is tested and used on *lists of dictionaries*. Adding support for named tuples and others would be possible (using `operator.attrgetter()`).

## Usage

- SQL-like: `orderby('foo ASC, bar DESC')`
- eval like: `orderby('$foo - $bar * 10')`
- chained: `asc('foo').desc('bar')` usage
- multiple fields at once: `asc('foo', 'bar')`

## Examples

#### `orderby()` string syntax:

``` python
>>> from orderby import orderby
>>> import json
>>> files = [
... {'size': 1234, 'path': 'foo/bar.txt'},
... {'size': 0, 'path': '/dev/null'},
... {'size': 1234, 'path': 'foo/abc.bin'},
... ]
>>> print(json.dumps(sorted(files, key=orderby('size DESC, path')), indent=2))
[
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/abc.bin"
},
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/bar.txt"
},
{
"size": 0,
"path": "/dev/null"
}
]
```

#### Chained asc() and desc() usage:

``` python
>>> from orderby import asc, desc
>>> print(json.dumps(sorted(files, key=desc('size').asc('path')), indent=2))
[
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/abc.bin"
},
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/bar.txt"
},
{
"size": 0,
"path": "/dev/null"
}
]
```

#### In-place sorting of a list:

``` python
>>> files.sort(key=desc('path'))
>>> print(json.dumps(files, indent=2))
[
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/bar.txt"
},
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/abc.bin"
},
{
"size": 0,
"path": "/dev/null"
}
]
>>> files.sort(key=desc('size').asc('path'))
>>> print(json.dumps(files, indent=2))
[
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/abc.bin"
},
{
"size": 1234,
"path": "foo/bar.txt"
},
{
"size": 0,
"path": "/dev/null"
}
]
```

#### Works also with [SortedContainers]:

``` python
>>> from sortedcontainers import SortedList
>>> from orderby import desc
>>> mylist = SortedList(key=desc('value'))
>>> mylist
SortedListWithKey([], key=<orderby.sorter.OrderBy object at 0x108f65978>, load=1000)
>>> mylist.add({'value': 13})
>>> mylist.add({'value': 2})
>>> mylist.add({'value': 1000})
>>> mylist
SortedListWithKey([{'value': 1000}, {'value': 13}, {'value': 2}], key=<orderby.sorter.OrderBy object at 0x108f65978>, load=1000)
```

[image]: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/orderby.svg
[![image]]: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/orderby
[SortedContainers]: http://www.grantjenks.com/docs/sortedcontainers/

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