Python One Time Password Library
PyOTP is a Python library for generating and verifying one-time passwords. It can be used to implement two-factor (2FA) or multi-factor (MFA) authentication methods in web applications and in other systems that require users to log in.
Open MFA standards are defined in RFC 4226 (HOTP: An HMAC-Based One-Time Password Algorithm) and in RFC 6238 (TOTP: Time-Based One-Time Password Algorithm). PyOTP implements server-side support for both of these standards. Client-side support can be enabled by sending authentication codes to users over SMS or email (HOTP) or, for TOTP, by instructing users to use Google Authenticator, Authy, or another compatible app. Users can set up auth tokens in their apps easily by using their phone camera to scan otpauth:// QR codes provided by PyOTP.
We recommend that implementers read the OWASP Authentication Cheat Sheet and NIST SP 800-63-3: Digital Authentication Guideline for a high level overview of authentication best practices.
pip install pyotp
totp = pyotp.TOTP('base32secret3232') totp.now() # => 492039 # OTP verified for current time totp.verify(492039) # => True time.sleep(30) totp.verify(492039) # => False
hotp = pyotp.HOTP('base32secret3232') hotp.at(0) # => 260182 hotp.at(1) # => 55283 hotp.at(1401) # => 316439 # OTP verified with a counter hotp.verify(316439, 1401) # => True hotp.verify(316439, 1402) # => False
pyotp.random_base32() # returns a 16 character base32 secret. Compatible with Google Authenticator and other OTP apps
PyOTP works with the Google Authenticator iPhone and Android app, as well as other OTP apps like Authy. PyOTP includes the ability to generate provisioning URIs for use with the QR Code scanner built into these MFA client apps:
pyotp.totp.TOTP('JBSWY3DPEHPK3PXP').provisioning_uri("email@example.com", issuer_name="Secure App") >>> 'otpauth://totp/Secure%20App:alice%40google.com?secret=JBSWY3DPEHPK3PXP&issuer=Secure%20App' pyotp.hotp.HOTP('JBSWY3DPEHPK3PXP').provisioning_uri("firstname.lastname@example.org", initial_count=0, issuer_name="Secure App") >>> 'otpauth://hotp/Secure%20App:alice%40google.com?secret=JBSWY3DPEHPK3PXP&issuer=Secure%20App&counter=0'
This URL can then be rendered as a QR Code (for example, using https://github.com/neocotic/qrious) which can then be scanned and added to the users list of OTP credentials.
Scan the following barcode with your phone’s OTP app (e.g. Google Authenticator):
Now run the following and compare the output:
import pyotp totp = pyotp.TOTP("JBSWY3DPEHPK3PXP") print("Current OTP:", totp.now())
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|File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help||Version||File Type||Upload Date|
|pyotp-2.2.6-py2.py3-none-any.whl (11.5 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256||2.7||Wheel||Jun 10, 2017|
|pyotp-2.2.6.tar.gz (10.6 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256||–||Source||Jun 10, 2017|