Skip to main content

A jquery-like library for python

Project description

pyquery: a jquery-like library for python

Build Status

pyquery allows you to make jquery queries on xml documents. The API is as much as possible similar to jquery. pyquery uses lxml for fast xml and html manipulation.

This is not (or at least not yet) a library to produce or interact with javascript code. I just liked the jquery API and I missed it in python so I told myself “Hey let’s make jquery in python”. This is the result.

The project is being actively developed on a git repository on Github. I have the policy of giving push access to anyone who wants it and then reviewing what they do. So if you want to contribute just email me.

Please report bugs on the github issue tracker.

I’ve spent hours maintaining this software, with love. Please consider tipping if you like it:

BTC: 1PruQAwByDndFZ7vTeJhyWefAghaZx9RZg

ETH: 0xb6418036d8E06c60C4D91c17d72Df6e1e5b15CE6



You can use the PyQuery class to load an xml document from a string, a lxml document, from a file or from an url:

>>> from pyquery import PyQuery as pq
>>> from lxml import etree
>>> import urllib
>>> d = pq("<html></html>")
>>> d = pq(etree.fromstring("<html></html>"))
>>> d = pq(url=your_url)
>>> d = pq(url=your_url,
...        opener=lambda url, **kw: urlopen(url).read())
>>> d = pq(filename=path_to_html_file)

Now d is like the $ in jquery:

>>> d("#hello")
>>> p = d("#hello")
>>> print(p.html())
Hello world !
>>> p.html("you know <a href=''>Python</a> rocks")
>>> print(p.html())
you know <a href="">Python</a> rocks
>>> print(p.text())
you know Python rocks

You can use some of the pseudo classes that are available in jQuery but that are not standard in css such as :first :last :even :odd :eq :lt :gt :checked :selected :file:

>>> d('p:first')

See for the full documentation


2.0.0 (2022-12-28)

  • Breaking change: inputs starting with "http://" or "https://" like PyQuery("") will no longer fetch the contents of the URL. Users desiring the old behavior should switch to PyQuery(url="").

  • Add nextUntil method

  • .remove() no longer inserts a space in place of the removed element

  • Fix escaping of top-level element text in .html() output

  • Support (and require) cssselect 1.2+

  • Drop support for python 3.5/3.6

1.4.3 (2020-11-21)

  • No longer use a universal wheel

1.4.2 (2020-11-21)

  • Fix exception raised when calling PyQuery(“<textarea></textarea>”).text()

  • python2 is no longer supported

1.4.1 (2019-10-26)

  • This is the latest release with py2 support

  • Remove py33, py34 support

  • web scraping improvements: default timeout and session support

  • Add API methods to serialize form-related elements according to spec

  • Include HTML markup when querying textarea text/value

1.4.0 (2018-01-11)

  • Refactoring of .text() to match firefox behavior.

1.3.0 (2017-10-21)

  • Remove some unmaintained modules: pyquery.ajax and pyquery.rules

  • Code cleanup. No longer use ugly hacks required by python2.6/python3.2.

  • Run tests with python3.6 on CI

  • Add a method argument to .outer_html()

1.2.17 (2016-10-14)

  • PyQuery('<input value="">').val() is ''

  • PyQuery('<input>').val() is ''

1.2.16 (2016-10-14)

  • .attr('value', '') no longer removes the value attribute

  • <input type="checkbox"> without value="..." have a .val() of 'on'

  • <input type="radio"> without value="..." have a .val() of 'on'

  • <select> without <option selected> have the value of their first <option> (or None if there are no options)

1.2.15 (2016-10-11)

  • .val() should never raise

  • drop py26 support

  • improve .extend() by returning self

1.2.14 (2016-10-10)

  • fix val() for <textarea> and <select>, to match jQuery behavior

1.2.13 (2016-04-12)

  • Note explicit support for Python 3.5

1.2.12 (2016-04-12)

  • make_links_absolute now take care of whitespaces

  • added pseudo selector :has()

  • add cookies arguments as allowed arguments for requests

1.2.11 (2016-02-02)

  • Preserve namespaces attribute on PyQuery copies.

  • Do not raise an error when the http response code is 2XX

1.2.10 (2016-01-05)

  • Fixed #118: implemented usage lxml.etree.tostring within outer_html method

  • Fixed #117: Raise HTTP Error if HTTP status code is not equal to 200

  • Fixed #112: make_links_absolute does not apply to form actions

  • Fixed #98: contains act like jQuery

1.2.9 (2014-08-22)

  • Support for keyword arguments in PyQuery custom functions

  • Fixed #78: items must take care or the parent

  • Fixed #65 PyQuery.make_links_absolute() no longer creates ‘href’ attribute when it isn’t there

  • Fixed #19. is_() was broken.

  • Fixed #9. .replaceWith(PyQuery element) raises error

  • Remove official python3.2 support (mostly because of 3rd party semi-deps)

1.2.8 (2013-12-21)

  • Fixed #22: Open by filename fails when file contains invalid xml

  • Bug fix in .remove_class()

1.2.7 (2013-12-21)

  • Use pep8 name for methods but keep an alias for camel case method. Eg: remove_attr and removeAttr works Fix #57

  • .text() now return an empty string instead of None if there is no text node. Fix #45

  • Fixed #23: removeClass adds class attribute to elements which previously lacked one

1.2.6 (2013-10-11)

  • was not include in the release. Fix #54.

1.2.5 (2013-10-10)


  • Moved to github. So a few files are renamed from .txt to .rst

  • Added .xhtml_to_html() and .remove_namespaces()

  • Use requests to fetch urls (if available)

  • Use restkit’s proxy instead of Paste (which will die with py3)

  • Allow to open https urls

  • python2.5 is no longer supported (may work, but tests are broken)


  • Allow to pass this in .filter() callback

  • Add .contents() .items()

  • Add tox.ini

  • Bug fixes: fix #35 #55 #64 #66


  • Fix cssselectpatch to match the newer implementation of cssselect. Fixes issue #62, #52 and #59 (Haoyu Bai)

  • Fix issue #37 (Caleb Burns)


  • Allow to use a custom css translator.

  • Fix issue 44: case problem with xml documents


  • PyQuery now uses cssselect. See issue 43.

  • Fix issue 40: forward .html() extra arguments to lxml.etree.tostring


  • Minor release. Include test file so you can run tests from the tarball.


  • fix issues 30, 31, 32 - py3 improvements / webob 1.2+ support


  • fix issues 24


  • Python 3 compatible

  • Add __unicode__ method

  • Add root and encoding attribute

  • fix issues 19, 20, 22, 23


  • Move README.txt at package root

  • Add CHANGES.txt and add it to long_description


  • Added PyQuery.outerHtml

  • Added PyQuery.fn

  • Added

  • Change PyQuery.each behavior to reflect jQuery api

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

pyquery-2.0.0.tar.gz (45.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Built Distribution

pyquery-2.0.0-py3-none-any.whl (22.7 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page