A jquery-like library for python
pyquery: a jquery-like library for python
pyquery allows you to make jquery queries on xml documents. The API is as much as possible similar to jquery. pyquery uses lxml for fast xml and html manipulation.
The project is being actively developed on a git repository on Github. I have the policy of giving push access to anyone who wants it and then reviewing what they do. So if you want to contribute just email me.
Please report bugs on the github issue tracker.
I’ve spent hours maintaining this software, with love. Please consider tipping if you like it:
You can use the PyQuery class to load an xml document from a string, a lxml document, from a file or from an url:
>>> from pyquery import PyQuery as pq >>> from lxml import etree >>> import urllib >>> d = pq("<html></html>") >>> d = pq(etree.fromstring("<html></html>")) >>> d = pq(url=your_url) >>> d = pq(url=your_url, ... opener=lambda url, **kw: urlopen(url).read()) >>> d = pq(filename=path_to_html_file)
Now d is like the $ in jquery:
>>> d("#hello") [<p#hello.hello>] >>> p = d("#hello") >>> print(p.html()) Hello world ! >>> p.html("you know <a href='http://python.org/'>Python</a> rocks") [<p#hello.hello>] >>> print(p.html()) you know <a href="http://python.org/">Python</a> rocks >>> print(p.text()) you know Python rocks
You can use some of the pseudo classes that are available in jQuery but that are not standard in css such as :first :last :even :odd :eq :lt :gt :checked :selected :file:
>>> d('p:first') [<p#hello.hello>]
See http://pyquery.rtfd.org/ for the full documentation
Breaking change: inputs starting with "http://" or "https://" like PyQuery("http://example.com") will no longer fetch the contents of the URL. Users desiring the old behavior should switch to PyQuery(url="http://example.com").
Add nextUntil method
.remove() no longer inserts a space in place of the removed element
Fix escaping of top-level element text in .html() output
Support (and require) cssselect 1.2+
Drop support for python 3.5/3.6
No longer use a universal wheel
Fix exception raised when calling PyQuery(“<textarea></textarea>”).text()
python2 is no longer supported
This is the latest release with py2 support
Remove py33, py34 support
web scraping improvements: default timeout and session support
Add API methods to serialize form-related elements according to spec
Include HTML markup when querying textarea text/value
Refactoring of .text() to match firefox behavior.
Remove some unmaintained modules: pyquery.ajax and pyquery.rules
Code cleanup. No longer use ugly hacks required by python2.6/python3.2.
Run tests with python3.6 on CI
Add a method argument to .outer_html()
PyQuery('<input value="">').val() is ''
PyQuery('<input>').val() is ''
.attr('value', '') no longer removes the value attribute
<input type="checkbox"> without value="..." have a .val() of 'on'
<input type="radio"> without value="..." have a .val() of 'on'
<select> without <option selected> have the value of their first <option> (or None if there are no options)
.val() should never raise
drop py26 support
improve .extend() by returning self
fix val() for <textarea> and <select>, to match jQuery behavior
Note explicit support for Python 3.5
make_links_absolute now take care of whitespaces
added pseudo selector :has()
add cookies arguments as allowed arguments for requests
Preserve namespaces attribute on PyQuery copies.
Do not raise an error when the http response code is 2XX
Fixed #118: implemented usage lxml.etree.tostring within outer_html method
Fixed #117: Raise HTTP Error if HTTP status code is not equal to 200
Fixed #112: make_links_absolute does not apply to form actions
Fixed #98: contains act like jQuery
Support for keyword arguments in PyQuery custom functions
Fixed #78: items must take care or the parent
Fixed #65 PyQuery.make_links_absolute() no longer creates ‘href’ attribute when it isn’t there
Fixed #19. is_() was broken.
Fixed #9. .replaceWith(PyQuery element) raises error
Remove official python3.2 support (mostly because of 3rd party semi-deps)
Fixed #22: Open by filename fails when file contains invalid xml
Bug fix in .remove_class()
Use pep8 name for methods but keep an alias for camel case method. Eg: remove_attr and removeAttr works Fix #57
.text() now return an empty string instead of None if there is no text node. Fix #45
Fixed #23: removeClass adds class attribute to elements which previously lacked one
README_fixt.py was not include in the release. Fix #54.
cssselect compat. See https://github.com/SimonSapin/cssselect/pull/22
tests improvments. no longer require a eth connection.
Moved to github. So a few files are renamed from .txt to .rst
Added .xhtml_to_html() and .remove_namespaces()
Use requests to fetch urls (if available)
Use restkit’s proxy instead of Paste (which will die with py3)
Allow to open https urls
python2.5 is no longer supported (may work, but tests are broken)
Allow to pass this in .filter() callback
Add .contents() .items()
Bug fixes: fix #35 #55 #64 #66
Fix cssselectpatch to match the newer implementation of cssselect. Fixes issue #62, #52 and #59 (Haoyu Bai)
Fix issue #37 (Caleb Burns)
Allow to use a custom css translator.
Fix issue 44: case problem with xml documents
PyQuery now uses cssselect. See issue 43.
Fix issue 40: forward .html() extra arguments to lxml.etree.tostring
Minor release. Include test file so you can run tests from the tarball.
fix issues 30, 31, 32 - py3 improvements / webob 1.2+ support
fix issues 24
Python 3 compatible
Add __unicode__ method
Add root and encoding attribute
fix issues 19, 20, 22, 23
Move README.txt at package root
Add CHANGES.txt and add it to long_description
Change PyQuery.each behavior to reflect jQuery api
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