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PySwip enables querying SWI-Prolog in your Python programs.

Project description

PySwip


PySwip in 2020 Survey

Thanks for being a member of the PySwip community. We want to know more about you, your interests and any problems you may have with PySwip.

Please fill out the PySwip in 2020 Survey. That will help us provide the features you want and resolve the problems with PySwip.


The End of Python 2 Support

Python 2 has reached end of life on January 1st, 2020 as documented here. So, PySwip 0.2.10 will be the last version which officially supports Python 2.

Do you still require Python 2 support? Let us know at: https://github.com/yuce/pyswip/issues/94


What's New?

See the CHANGELOG.

This library is being cleaned up and refactored. Expect API breakage and incompatibility with previous versions.

WARNING! PySwip has no Windows installers! If you are a Windows user, see INSTALL. There are some "free download" sites that claim to be hosting PySwip installers. DO NOT TRUST THEM!

Thanks to all contributors.

Introduction

PySwip is a Python - SWI-Prolog bridge enabling to query SWI-Prolog in your Python programs. It features an (incomplete) SWI-Prolog foreign language interface, a utility class that makes it easy querying with Prolog and also a Pythonic interface.

Since PySwip uses SWI-Prolog as a shared library and ctypes to access it, it doesn't require compilation to be installed.

Requirements:

  • Python 2.7 or 3.4 and higher.
    • PyPy is currently not supported.
  • SWI-Prolog 7.2.x and higher.
  • libswipl as a shared library. This is the default on most platforms.
  • Works on Linux, Windows, MacOS and FreeBSD. Should work on other POSIX.

Install

IMPORTANT: Make sure the SWI-Prolog architecture is the same as the Python architecture. If you are using a 64bit build of Python, use a 64bit build of SWI-Prolog, etc.*

See INSTALL for instructions.

Examples

Using Prolog

from pyswip import Prolog
prolog = Prolog()
prolog.assertz("father(michael,john)")
prolog.assertz("father(michael,gina)")
list(prolog.query("father(michael,X)")) == [{'X': 'john'}, {'X': 'gina'}]
for soln in prolog.query("father(X,Y)"):
    print(soln["X"], "is the father of", soln["Y"])
# michael is the father of john
# michael is the father of gina

An existing knowledge base stored in a Prolog file can also be consulted, and queried. Assuming the filename "knowledge_base.pl" and the Python is being run in the same working directory, it is consulted like so:

>>> from pyswip import Prolog
>>> prolog = Prolog()
>>> prolog.consult("knowledge_base.pl")

Foreign Functions

from __future__ import print_function
from pyswip import Prolog, registerForeign

def hello(t):
    print("Hello,", t)
hello.arity = 1

registerForeign(hello)

prolog = Prolog()
prolog.assertz("father(michael,john)")
prolog.assertz("father(michael,gina)")
print(list(prolog.query("father(michael,X), hello(X)")))

Pythonic interface (Experimental)

from __future__ import print_function
from pyswip import Functor, Variable, Query, call

assertz = Functor("assertz", 1)
father = Functor("father", 2)
call(assertz(father("michael","john")))
call(assertz(father("michael","gina")))
X = Variable()

q = Query(father("michael",X))
while q.nextSolution():
    print("Hello,", X.value)
q.closeQuery()

# Outputs:
#    Hello, john
#    Hello, gina

The core functionality of Prolog.query is based on Nathan Denny's public domain prolog.py.

Help!

Projects/Publications that Use or Reference PySwip

Do you have a project, video or publication that uses/mentions PySwip? file an issue or send a pull request.

If you would like to reference PySwip in a LaTeX document, you can use the provided BibTeX file.

Books

Publications

Videos

Projects

Blog Posts

License

Copyright (c) 2007-2019 Yüce Tekol

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of
the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so,
subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR
COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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