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A proof-of-concept snapshot, transmission and restoring python runtime

Project description

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A proof-of-concept serialization, transmission and restoring python runtime.


pyteleport is capable of making snapshots of python runtime from (almost) aribtrary state, including locals, globals and stack. It then transforms snapshots into specially designed bytecode that resumes execution from the snapshot state. The bytecode can be run remotely: this way pyteleport teleports python runtime.


pip install pyteleport


term cast 0

Note that the two outputs were produced by different processes on different machines! This is what tp_bash does: it transmits the runtime from one python process to another (remotely).

Also works from within a stack:

def a():
    def b():
        def c():
            result = "hello"
            return result + " world"
        return len(c()) + float("3.5")
    return 5 * (3 + b())
assert a() == 87.5


from pyteleport import tp_shell

def tp_shell(
    *shell_args, python="python", before="cd $(mktemp -d)",
    pyc_fn="payload.pyc", shell_delimiter="; ",
    pack_object=dumps, unpack_object=portable_loads,
    detect_interactive=True, files=None, stack_method=None,
    _frame=None, **kwargs):
    Teleport into another shell.

        Arguments to start a new shell.
    python : str
        Python executable in the shell.
    before : str, list
        Shell commands to be run before running python.
    pyc_fn : str
        Temporary filename to save the bytecode to.
    shell_delimiter : str
        Shell delimiter to chain multiple commands.
    pack_file : Callable
        A function `f(name, contents)` turning a file
        into a shell-friendly assembly.
    pack_object : Callable, None
        A method (serializer) turning objects into bytes
    unpack_object : Callable, None
        A method (deserializer) turning bytes into objects
        remotely. It does not have to rely on globals.
    detect_interactive : bool
        If True, attempts to detect the interactive mode
        and to open an interactive session remotely while
        piping stdio into this python process.
    files : list
        A list of files to teleport alongside.
        Stack collection method.
        The frame to collect.
        Other arguments to ``.

How it works

  • You invoke teleport in your python script.
  • pyteleport collects the runtime state: globals, locals, stack.
  • pyteleport dumps the runtime into a specially designed "morph" bytecode which resumes from where teleport was invoked.
  • The bytecode is transmitted to the target environment and passed to a python interpreter there.
  • The remote python runs the bytecode which restores the runtime state. The python program casually resumes from where it was interrupted.
  • The local python runtime is terminated and simply pipes stdio from the target environment.

Known limitations

This is a proof of concept. The package works with cPython v3.8, 3.9, or 3.10.

What is implemented:

  • MWE: snapshot, serialize, transmit, restore
  • serialize generators
  • yield from
  • threads (currently ignored)
  • block stack: for,try, with
  • async (non-python stack; needs further investigation)
  • forking to remote (possible with bytecode sstack prediction)
  • back-teleport (needs API development)
  • nested teleport (needs minimal changes)
  • cross-fork communications (need API development)
  • REPL integration
  • detecting non-python stack (peek into past value stack?)

Won't fix:

  • non-python stack (not possible)
  • cross-version (too fragile)


Project details

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Source Distribution

pyteleport-0.2.1.post2.tar.gz (22.2 kB view hashes)

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